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What Techniques Does Dickens use to Create Sympathy?

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What Techniques Does Dickens use to Create Sympathy? Great Expectations is about the character Pip who starts off in the book as a young orphan boy living with his strict older sister Mrs Joe Gargery and her mild mannered husband Joe the blacksmith. We follow him through his boyhood into adulthood and many events that happen in his youth like meeting Magwitch, Mrs Havisham and Estella. In his adulthood he discovers riches and for a time forgets the people who looked after him when he was young until he meets the person who made him rich, Magwitch. Pip returns to his old self and tries his best to help Magwitch who risked execution to see him but he fails. He then finds out that Magwitch is the father of Estella who he has always loved and knows that he can never be with her because Magwitch was like his father. When Charles Dickens first wrote this book he was already a very famous writer and public speaker. As in all of his books this deals with problems of society and sympathises with the poor. Pip first meets the escaped convict Magwitch Able in the churchyard where his parents and his five brothers are buried. ...read more.


Death is emphasised even more when Pip describes gibbets around the marshes, which makes us scared for him. Pip's social class upsets him a lot after he falls for Estella, she thinks he is lower than her and when asked by Mrs. Havisham to play with him she replies, "But he is a common labouring boy." We commiserate with him here because he is being thought of as less just for his class by the girl he likes. The mood in Mrs. Havisham's house is very awkward as Pip is new and is cautious of his social class especially as he wants to impress Estella. Also he is told by Mrs. Havisham that she has 'sick fancies' then he is ordered to 'play'. "...I am sorry for you, and very sorry that I can't play just now ... It's so new here, and so strange, and so fine - and melancholy" replies Pip. This creates empathy to Pip as it is so awkward and a little scary for him. His first encounter with Magwitch the mood is very frightening as Pip is al alone and we have already established sympathy for him because of him being all alone. "Keep still you little devil or I'll cut your throat!" ...read more.


We feel sympathetic towards her as she has been wronged and that person has not even come to apologise. After she was ditched in those days here prospects were very grim, she could most probably never remarry, as she would almost be tainted by this. Basically her life was over because then all little girls were brought up to think there only goal in life was to get married and have as many children as possible. Charles Dickens implements a wide range of writing tools to create sympathy towards the characters. He uses historical background to give us information about their past so we become attached to them. Dickens was always known as a sympathiser to the poor and he shows this in his books by showing how one social class treats the other. He creates intense mood, which is sometimes frightening so we will identify with the person being frightened. But without setting there would be no mood and Dickens generates perfect settings for the mood, such as to frighten us he uses a graveyard on the marshes near the hulks with gibbets in the backdrop. Speech is used to present helplessness by stuttering or not speaking much and taking orders. These are some of the ways Charles Dickens applies methods to create sympathy. Farhat Hasan 10A Coursework ...read more.

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