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What techniques does Dickens use to present the aspect of change in Scrooge throughout the book?

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Introduction

What techniques does Dickens use to present the aspect of change in Scrooge throughout the book? In this essay I will attempt to show how Scrooge, the main character in A Christmas Carol, changes as the book progresses. I will show what causes him to change, in order of what happens, and how the reader (present day and contemporary) feels and is affected by this change. In the beginning of the story, we see immediately that Scrooge is a grumpy old man who hates Christmas. However, the reader is also told that Marley, Scrooge's "sole friend", is dead. This interests the reader into thinking this may be the cause for Scrooge's cantankerous nature. But we cannot be sure because we do not know what he was like before his good friend's death. Many people dislike Scrooge because of his ill-temperedness. He does not have very good relationships with the people around him and he is an outcast of society. He "edged his way through the crowded paths of life, warning all human sympathy to keeps its distance" and was a cold hearted man. This makes the reader all the more curious about why he is like this, and possibly sympathetic towards his loneliness. We see him interact first with his nephew, and we see what an irritable man he really is. ...read more.

Middle

"There are some upon this earth of yours who lay claim to know us, and who do their deeds of passion, pride, ill-will, hatred, bigotry and selfishness in our name; who are as strange to us and all our kith and kin, as if they had never lived. Remember that, and charge their doings on themselves, not us." This speech that the spirit makes is a very important feature of the book, as it really teaches Scrooge and the reader a lot. We notice that what the ghost is saying applies strongly to Scrooge, because he is one of the people "who lay claim to know us", yet the ghost does not tell him this, but makes him out to be one of the good people, by using the words "their doings" and "us". This is a more effective way for Scrooge to learn that what he did was wrong, rather then telling him off for being that way. Scrooge also considers himself to be one of the good people, because he "promised he would". The reader is not sure whether he knows or not that what the ghost said applies to him, but is likely that he did. When we see Bob Cratchit and his family celebrating Christmas as best they can, in a very humble way, we immediately feel sorry for them and dislike Scrooge for not paying Bob enough to have a better Christmas. ...read more.

Conclusion

Without the Ghost of Christmas Present, Scrooge would not see the opportunity he has to care for others, and show love and happiness. Without the Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come, he would not fear the future, therefore would not bother to change what he cannot see. Throughout the book, the reader mainly feels sympathetic for Scrooge, but at very intense moments, we can step into his shoes and feel his emotions for real. As a reader, the change in Scrooge has given us mixed feelings. In some ways we feel happy and close to him for being so brave and showing that he is a kind hearted person. On the other hand, we might feel superior to him and laugh at him for such a rapid change and his extreme elatedness when he becomes good. A nineteenth century reader would have been aware that new ways of life in the city was weakening the closeness of society, and would be able to associate Scrooge with the replacement of love and goodwill with money and trade. Mainly the reader is satisfied, because Scrooge represents the greed of humanity, and his change symbolizes hope for the human race, and that is the main message that Darwin is trying to put forward to the reader. This makes the reader, especially a contemporary reader; feel hopeful for strength in relationships in society in the future. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sally 10G ...read more.

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