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What techniques has Shakespeare used to make Act 3, Scene 1 of 'Romeo and Juliet' effective?

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Romeo and Juliet Essay What techniques has Shakespeare used to make Act 3, Scene 1 of 'Romeo and Juliet' effective? This essay is on the play "Romeo and Juliet", written by William Shakespeare in about 1595. It is a deeply heart-touching tragedy when two "star-cross'd" lovers, who are desperate to be together, are torn apart by a downward spiral of events. From love to hate and from life to death are the themes Shakespeare has based Romeo and Juliet on, as well as the most important one, fate. Fate is used right from the start of the play in chorus. Fate is used a lot in the play, this is because when the play was written people of those times were incredibly superstiotous and believed in curses. "...A pair of star cross'd lovers, take their life:" is the first key example of a premonition being made in the play. A premonition is a forewarning of what is going to happen. Also in the times of the play arranged marriages and young marriages were popular. This complicates Act 3 Scene 1 later on. Act 3 Scene 1 is a crucial turning point as feelings explode into an array of hatred and love, when character's personalities shine through and when other's lives are cut short. ...read more.


Firstly Tybalt, who is a member of the opposing family, the Capulets, enters the scene. He is a very fiery and aggressive character whom despises many people, especially the Montagues. After he enters, newly wed Romeo arrives in a cheerful mood. Romeo is a peaceful character who is deeply in love; this affects the way Romeo reacts in Act 3 Scene 1. When approached by Tybalt, Romeo pleads with him to be calm and not fight, "I do protest I never injur'd thee, But love thee better than thou canst devise" As Romeo pleads with Tybalt, Mercutio meets Romeo's pleas with anger. Mercutio sees this as "...dishonourable, vile submission" by Romeo and starts to get involved in the arguing again, leading to his death. Shakespeare uses dramatic irony as one of his main techniques in his play; it is when the audience watching the play know something that the characters on the stage don't e.g. when Romeo and Juliet get married they and the audience know but the characters don't. And because the actors don't know what has happened the string of events in Act 3 Scene 1 occur. This is used further on in the play to when Romeo thinks Juliet is dead because the letter explaining what has happened hasn't arrived from Friar Lawrence. ...read more.


Enabling justice to be announced. Act 3 Scene 1 is like a mini-play in itself, by having a start, middle and an end. The start is where Mercutio and Benvolio are having an argument although it wasn't serious. As Tybalt enters its starts to enter the middle, and by the time Romeo enters we are in the middle of the scene. The fight happens and Mercutio and Tybalt are killed, and then as Romeo flies the citizens arrive and discover what has happened. When the prince delivers his speech the scene ends on the delivary Romeo's punishment. As a result of Act 3 Scene 1 Romeo is exiled from Verona due to him killing Tybalt, as well as Mercutio being murdered. Also Romeo and Juliet's marriage looks to be over. But because of this it creates room for Friar Lawrence to think up a plan to get them back together. But it then leads to a tragic sequence of events that end both Romeo, and Juliet's lives. In my Essay I have argued what techniques Shakespeare used, what type of effect they created and whether they were affective or not. None were more effective than each another, but to me the most effective one was the way Shakespeare used dramatic irony to draw in the audience and show the play in different levels to the characters. Adam Charlton Page 1 5/2/2007 ...read more.

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