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What view of human nature does Stevenson present in the Novel The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde?

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What view of human nature does Stevenson present in the Novel ?The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde?? In this novel Stevenson portrays his view of human nature through the characters and atmosphere. My aims are to observe the characters? behaviours, actions and moods and explain what they tell us about human nature. I will also explore the emotions of the characters that Stevenson shows. Human nature can be defined as the fundamental characteristics of a human. Stevenson explains to the reader that good and evil are a part of human nature. He does this by showing the actions of two characters in the novel, Jekyll and Hyde. These two characters are completely contrasting from each other yet they are the same person. Jekyll is described to be generous and respected by the society ?every mark of capacity and kindness?. However, Hyde is described as a ?juggernaut? which can be implied as something that is unstoppable and crushes everything ruthlessly. Jekyll is also described to be a gentleman who is handsome ?a large, well-made, smooth-faced man of fifty?. ...read more.


Utterson and Enfield are two characters that find reputation an important factor of life. Utterson is a lawyer who would be considered as an upper class citizen during the Victorian days. A lawyer has a good understanding of what is moral and immoral; however Utterson decides to take the immoral path in this novel. Enfield is a ?man about town? and is someone who likes to go out and enjoy themselves. He is also an upper class citizen. Utterson and Enfield do immoral things to keep Jekyll?s reputation intact ?never to refer to this again?. There is another occasion when Utterson takes the immoral choice simply because it may ruin Jekyll?s reputation. When Carew is murdered Utterson identifies the murder weapon and knows that it belongs to Jekyll ?he recognised it for the one that he had himself presented many years before to Henry Jekyll?. Utterson?s and Enfield?s actions show that reputation is a huge deal to them. Their behaviour reflects that reputation is a part of human nature. The themes of the novel portray Stevenson?s views of human nature. ...read more.


The character Hyde?s servant also shows emotions. She shows ?odious joy?, the word ?odious? means deserving hatred. Stevenson chooses to use the word ?odious? along with the word ?joy? which have complete different meanings creating an oxymoron. The servant?s actions and response to Mr. Utterson saying ?this is Inspector Newcomon, of Scotland Yard? was surprising to here because she seemed excited that Hyde is in trouble ?he is in trouble! What has he done?? She was quite shocked which Stevenson clearly points out using the exclamation marks. She is also curious which is shown by the ???. The view of human nature Stevenson presents on this character is that she acts amazed and astonished as well as odious joy. In the novel, Stevenson?s view of human nature is showing common emotions in characters and showing how people are in reality. Stevenson creates an atmosphere where it is showing daily human actions and emotions. Jekyll and Hyde are used to represent inner conflict. Stevenson portrays a lot of hate, love and desire throughout the novel, but the message he gives out to the reader is that one needs to be in control of their darker side of human nature, and stop the seed of evil that grows within them. ...read more.

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