• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which of the dramatic technique used by R.C Sheriff in Journey's End do you think are most effective in getting across his message that war is futile?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Which of the dramatic technique used by R.C Sheriff in Journey's End do you think are most effective in getting across his message that war is futile? 'Journey's End' is set in the front line trenches of World War I. The play begins on the evening of Monday, 18th March 1918. The war is nearing an end (the First World War started in 1914 and finished in 1918). Hardy, an officer in another company, is preparing to hand over the dug out to the infantry company taking over. Hardy jokes with Osborne, one of the new officers, about the conditions of the trenches saying; "Hardy: "....A dug-out got blown up and came down in the men's tea. They were frightfully annoyed". "Osborne: "I know. There's nothing worse than dirt in your tea". The men tell jokes through out the play so they can hide their fear of war. Sheriff is showing that war isn't glamorous, it's a terrible event where people die. Hardy gives us our first picture of the commander of the new infantry company taking over the dug out. He describes Stanhope's drinking and the effect it has on his behaviour. Osborne quickly defends Stanhope. Before Hardy leaves, he describes how he and his men pass their time by racing earwigs, and reminds Osborne about the big attack. ...read more.

Middle

Sheriff uses this to tell the audience that war can change anyone, even a man as brave as Stanhope. Later on Stanhope again admits that without alcohol he'd go mad. As the Act comes to an end, he falls asleep. "....Dear old uncle. Tuck me up...." Stanhope is reverting to boyhood, trying to drift away from the horror of war in tired, drunken sleep. In Act 2, Scene 1, it's early in the morning of the 2nd day. Sheriff uses bitter humour to remind us of how desperate the men are; they cling to trivial things to avoid the horror of war. Trotter talks about his garden to Osborne. We're reminded that the war has destroyed the ordinary but pleasant lives that the men once knew. This supports the fact that war is futile. Now Trotter tells Osborne of a strange smell he'd experienced recently: "....All of a sudden we smelt that funny, sweet smell, and a fellow shouted 'GAS!'-and we put on our masks." Tragically, they had been frightened by what turned out to be the scent of a may tree. This reminds us that the war has taken the goodness out of nature; the men are too traumatised to enjoy Natures simple pleasures. Osborne tells Raleigh about his sporting past but tells Raleigh not to tell the others because: "it doesn't make much difference out here!" ...read more.

Conclusion

Instead of preparing food for the officers, Mason is told to rejoin his platoon but still finds time to make sandwiches for them. These trivial things are the last symbols of the normal ordinary life that war has taken away from these men. Hibbert tries to waste time but Stanhope tells Mason to escort Hibbert out of the dug out. Mason understands and makes his final joke, saying: I'd like to come along with you if you don't mind, sir. I ain't bin up in this part of the front line. Don't want to get lorst." His words remind us the bravery of the ordinary soldiers; he represents them in the play. The shells have now started to fall. Raleigh is hit and is ordered by Stanhope to be put in the officer's dug out. His last words are: "Could we have light? It's- it's so frightfully dark and cold." He dies before Stanhope can bring a lighted Candle. Stanhope chooses to stay with his school friend rather than join the men. The chaos has brought the schoolmates together at the end; war becomes irrelevant to Stanhope, whose basic humanity leads him to stay with Raleigh. Trotter sends down a desperate message for Stanhope to join the men but he never makes it as the dug out is blown up. This makes us realise that war is futile; it destroys normal life. The men in the play represent a whole generation that was wasted. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE RC Sheriff section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE RC Sheriff essays

  1. Journeys End Drama Studies

    This section is much deeper than military depth. It is basic manners and Stanhope seems to lack these at this time. Instead of politely and calmly thinking this through, he turns to aggression. This makes the audience very tense as we are expecting a great reaction.

  2. 20th Century Drama - Journey's End, R C Sheriff

    When they stumble on the subject of Stanhope we see Osborne defensive nature for Stanhope. Hardy jokes about the commander's drinking problem. Osborne naturally argues in defence for the lad. We learn more about Stanhope's complex character now and throughout the play, Sheriff never stops developing it.

  1. Comparison of Ballad of the Bread Man and Innocents Song by Charles Causley and ...

    Causley makes it clear the child is the victim. Another way Causley generates suspense is by not openly stating what is going on. He indicates what the innocent child thinks is happening but we are left in the dark as to the real facts, just as the child is himself.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Presentation of the Psychological Effects of the WarAnd the Setting ...

    inexperienced soldiers, and furthermore, both mark a pivotal point in the development of the corresponding characters in the texts; Barton for Hilliard, and Raleigh for Stanhope. Hill writes of Hilliard's feelings about meeting Barton, 'He had never felt it before, this irrational disinclination to come face to face with someone.'

  1. Journey's End

    Hardy: God! You are a worker! Oh, well. Here we are. (He finds a tattered little book among the papers on the table) Written right up to date; here's my last entry: "5 p.m to 8 p.m. All quiet. German airmen flew over trenches. Shot a rat."

  2. JOURNEY'S END - The Changing Relationship Between Stanhope and Raleigh

    During the build up to the raid the suspense is high, which is clever by R.C Sherriff, the audience hang on and are gripped, they don't want to see young Raleigh die. Both officers are nervous and eventually make their way up, ' we must put up a good show', says Raleigh enthusiastically.

  1. Journey's end - Focusing on the exchange between Stanhope and Hibbert in act two, ...

    At this time Stanhope is under a lot of stress and pressure due to the forthcoming raid. The other big factor on his shoulders seems to be the arrival of Raleigh. You can sense that they do not get on by Stanhopes reaction to Raleigh's greeting, 'Hullo Stanhope!'

  2. Journeys End Coursework

    quite convinced that he would be able to leave, yet Stanhope is determined to make him stay. He should be inconsolable, trying to make more excuses as to why he should be sent home, almost pleadingly. Not really the profile of a war hero, to be honest.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work