• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which skills and techniques does Stevenson horrify his contemporaries?

Extracts from this document...


In the novella Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Stevenson wants to horrify his contemporaries and does this using physical, psychological and thematic horror. The story of an upper class Victorian man who feels trapped in his role in society and leads a shady double life that eventually spirals out of control would have hit home to Stevenson's contemporaries, many of whom secretly frequented and were obsessed with maintaining a good reputation. This would also horrify today because many people lead double lives (such as having affairs etc.) and become addicted to drugs, which can ruin their lives. The physical horror in the novel is shocking because it was very graphic for its day. Today we are more used to such graphic description and it has lost impact. The themes of the violence and evil in us all and the morality of science were very relevant in Stevenson's time and remain so today. Psychological horror is used to great effect by Stevenson in Dr. ...read more.


Jekyll believes that "man is not truly one, but truly two" so therefore he is Hyde all the time. This horrifies both in Victorian society and now because a lot of people do not want to think they are capable of such terrible things. When, today, we see murderers on the news, part of the reason we are shocked tends to be because we wonder how anyone could find in inside themselves to commit such terrible crimes. In a similar way Stevenson horrifies us by personifying the horror inside ourselves inside which we do not wish to face. Linking to the issue of evil in us all the issue of everyone being vunerable to addiction; in "Henry Jekyll's Full Statement Of The Case" Jekyll writes "...and it was as an ordinary secret sinner that I at last fell before the assaults of temptation." I think the third most important source of psychological horror that Stevenson uses is the fact that Dr Jekyll is a respectable member of society who loses control to addiction. ...read more.


Stevenson's use of this technique is very effective because it makes the point that addiction can happen to anyone, no matter what their social standing or status. Jekyll says in "Henry Jekyll's Full Statement Of The Case" that "My devil had been long caged, he came out roaring." With this Stevenson is trying to tell his contemporaries that if they repress their true desires it will lead to disastrous consequences. This would have horrified Stevenson's contemporaries because it was an issue that wasn't discussed. When Utterson and Enfield talk about Hyde stepping on the child, they make a deal to never discuss it again. Physical Horror is also used to horrify by Stevenson. I think the most important source of physical horror in the novel is the "unexpressed deformity" of Edward Hyde, which comes up frequently. Almost everyone who has been is horrified by his appearance yet no on can pin down exactly what is so horrible. Stevenson uses psychological and physical horror together here. The reason Hyde gives and "impression of deformity without any namable malformation" to his beholders is because he is the personification of the evil in jekyll. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Other Authors section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Other Authors essays

  1. Significance of comic and farcical scenes in Marlowe's Dr. Faustus

    But, Mephistophilis, being irritated changes Robin and Ralph into an ape and a dog respectively. Faustus in Act - IV, Scene - III, makes a pair of horns grow on the head of a knight who has been insolent towards him.

  2. How Effective is the Ending of

    this is mainly in order to 'social climb', and there are signs of changes in their financial position in the play: "...........We haven't had a maid for five years...........these days we've all got to try and do things we weren't brought up to do......"

  1. Examine how the aspects of good and evil are presented in the film 'Bram ...

    for a very long time and ends it with a hideous, Devilish laugh, "Ah ha ha ha ha"! Then Dracula goes in a ship to England to find his Mina. He walks the streets of London but he has turned (reverted)

  2. With Close Reference to two or three episodes, investigate the relationship between Sherlock Holmes ...

    Both detectives need and value each other's help in this work and it is enjoyable to watch them working together to figure out the case. There is within the friendship of Holmes and Watson an aspect of Master and Apprentice or Schoolmaster and Pupil.

  1. How does Charles Dickens create characters that are both memorable and striking in the ...

    However, once Wemmick returns to the busy and moneymaking office of Mr. Jaggers, he turns into the same boring and callous man whom Pip had met upon his first arrival in London. A similar relationship exists between Pip's 'hardened life' in London and his previous comfortable residence at the forge

  2. Great Expectations Settings in Novel

    Dickens writes: 'I began to say that I hoped I was not interrupting- when the clerk shoved the gentleman out with as little ceremony as I ever saw used.' Dickens makes London seem an awful place for Pip, when he describes Smithfield and the 'drunken minister of justice outside Newgate Gaol.

  1. An Essay Comparing the Different Techniques Used In Supernatural/Horror Stories

    Although both H.G Wells and Dickens make use of sensory imagery, Wells' uses less detail. However his use of darkness evokes the reader's sense of apprehension and fear. In 'The Red Room' Wells uses the sense of hearing the most: "Echoing of stair" and "Absolute Silence".

  2. Ralph says "Things are breaking up I don't understand why. We began well. We ...

    "Grey, feathery ashes scurried hither and thither at his breath..." The colour grey relates to misery and gloom and the word 'ashes' links to death, which captures the island's nature as the boys become increasingly de-civilised. "Nothing prospered but the flies who blackened their lord and made the spilt guts look like a heap of glistening coal."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work