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Who’s Mostly To Blame for the Death of Eva Smith?

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Who's mostly to blame? Historical Context: John Boynton Priestly was born in Bradford, Yorkshire on 13 September 1894. At the tender age of 16 J.B.Priestly decided to leave school rather than work towards a university scholarship. His very first job was with the local wool firm of Helm and Company, as a junior clerk. It was during this period before World War 1, that Priestly gained much experience which was to colour his writing career: Whilst gaining the practical working experience which would later be of use, Priestly found himself surrounded by people who read a great deal, cared a lot for at least one of the arts, and preferred real talk and hot argument to the social chit-chat. It was in these discussions that helped Priestly a lot in his writing. It was this time that he started to write in a small attic at home. J.B.Priestly joined the infantry at the age of 20. This was during the outbreak of war. By the time he had left the army in 1919 he had seen front-line service in France and had narrowly escaped being killed on at least one occasion when a German shell exploded no more than 2 or 3 yards away from him. ...read more.


As he is the one who begins the tragic downfall of the young girl. Mr Birling's decision to discharge Eva from his industry, only leads to a chain of events. I think that if Mr Birling had never of sacked Eva Smith then, all of the other incidents which followed, would never of happened. The reason for the sacking of Eva Smith is because she asked for slightly higher wages. Mr Birling, being a selfish man, decided that this was insulting, and so discharged her. Leaving Eva Smith wandering the streets, and looking for a new job. All this information is cleverly discovered with the help of 'INSPECTOR GOOLE'. He uses a photograph, which is only shown to Mr Birling, to remind him of the girl whom he had sacked. This left no choice for Mr Birling, but to issue the story, as the straightforward questioning of the Inspector was to provoking. After hearing this Sheila Birling (daughter of Arthur Birling), felt very sorry for Eva Smith, and started to have a go at her father. Inspector Goole then cuts in and quickly tells the family, what then happened to Eva, after she was discharged from Mr Birling's company. ...read more.


Eva Smith (Daisy Renton) asked for help, but her problem was turned down, by Mrs Birling, due to Eva changing her name to Mrs Birling. The story behind the changing of Eva's name was completely due to Eric's involvement. Eric (Mr Birling's son), was to blame for Eva Smith's death in a big way. He accidentally impregnated her, which was to effect her drastically, because Eric just like Gerald cowards off, leaving her money, stolen from Mr Birling's company. Eric's involvement was before Eva asked Mrs Birling and her organisation for help. But the turning down was the final straw for Eva Smith, Daisy Renton and the newly named Mrs Birling. So she killed herself, which was obviously due to the Birling family's involvement. Conclusion: 'Who's mostly to blame?' is the question I have investigated on. And my final decision is that Mr Birling, Mrs Birling, Sheila, Gerald and Eric, were all to blame for the tragic death of Eva Smith. But if it wasn't for Mr birling discharging Eva from his company, then none of the other incidents would have followed. So I feel that Mr Birling was just slightly more to blame than any of the others, but that does not mean that the other culprits should get off lighter. Duncan Beard 10h. ...read more.

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