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Who is most responsible for the bloodshed that occurs on the play? Is it Macbeth alone or is Lady Macbeth to blame? How much can we place on the 'instruments of darkness'?

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Introduction

STAGE ONE PRE-PES ENGLISH Macbeth Due Date: November 3rd 2003 By Zeyanna Chaptini Who is most responsible for the bloodshed that occurs on the play? Is it Macbeth alone or is Lady Macbeth to blame? How much can we place on the 'instruments of darkness'? The renowned Shakespearian tragic play, Macbeth, clearly explores the concept of power. Through the protagonist, Macbeth, Shakespeare demonstrates how overpowering motivation to succeed in life can be and how the influence of others can play a major role in deciding unlawful actions. The central male character had many influences in his life. The witches and the apparitions, Lady Macbeth and Macbeth's own insecurities and misguided attempts to control his future caused Macbeth to become the most responsible for the bloodshed in the play Macbeth. The witches and their prophecies were a superior effect on Macbeth's actions. The contented Macbeth seemed blissful with himself until the arrogant witches told him that was thane of Glamis, thane of Cawdor and that he 'shalt be king hereafter'. At that thought, Macbeth became egoistic and immediately began to consider murdering Duncan and believed: 'If good, why do I yield to that suggestion Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair And make my seated heart knock at my ribs, Against the use of nature?' ...read more.

Middle

When Macbeth decides not to continue with their plan to murder Duncan, his wife urges him to act on his desires or he will think of himself as a coward. She says, "Art thou afeard / To be the same in thine own act and valour / As thou art in desire?" Lady Macbeth then made sure he would perform the deed by taking an active role in preparing for the murder, 'his two chamberlains / Will I with wine and wassel so convince,' and cleaning up afterwards: "Give me the daggers. The sleeping and the dead Are but as pictures; 'tis the eye of childhood That fears a painted devil. If he do bleed, I'll gild the faces of the grooms withal ; For it must seem their guilt." By doing this, Lady Macbeth had convinced her husband into murdering innocent King Duncan, hence played a horrifying role in the bloodshed of Macbeth. After he Macbeth was named king, his misery and eventual downfall was caused by his own obsessions and deceived determination to take control of his future. ...read more.

Conclusion

His insecurities caused him to see the positive side of immediate action, hence he was unable to appreciate the negative side of reckless actions. Certainly, killing Macduff's family contributed to Macbeth's bloodshed as the act inspired hatred and revenge. Macbeth was made disconsolate by the deterioration of Lady Macbeth. He begs the doctor to: '...find her disease, And purge it to a sound and pristine health, I would applaud thee to the very echo, That should applaud again." Surely her condition would have been made worse by Macbeth's phobia and remorse on top of his additional crimes of murder. In the play, Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare, the witches awaken Macbeth's desires and Lady Macbeth encourages the transgression necessary for his ambition to be realised. Both these influences help cause the bloodshed that occurred during the play and also led to Macbeth's eventual failure and death. His insecurities led Macbeth to impulsive actions to reduce his perceived enemies, actions that he later often regretted. Therefore, Macbeth was led to murder Banquo and Macduff's family and others, all relying on the apparitions' prophecies that he will be safe. Only in the end does he realise he has been misled and betrayed. ...read more.

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