• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who is most responsible for the death of Eva Smith?

Extracts from this document...


Amy Grammer Who is most responsible for the death of Eva Smith? In my essay it will be necessary to look at how each character can be held to blame, the kind of crime committed, the girl herself and, most importantly, why Priestley wants us to think about who is responsible. To answer the question now, I will say briefly, that you cannot exonerate any character, however contrite they may be. I also don't think you can hold any character more responsible than another because I believe that it is the sum of each persons actions which presents the insurmountable obstacles from which there is no way out other that suicide. I don't think Priestley meant for us to hold individuals to different degrees of responsibility but rather hold society collectively responsible. To understand what is happening in the play we firstly have to understand what was happening in 1912. During the Industrial Revolution there were technical and industrial advances, which gave more power to the industrialists. This was taken from the landowners that had previously wielded power through agriculture. Society was much changed. Because of the new power of industrialism, people flocked form the countryside to the cities, creating the new urban working class of which Eva Smith was a member. Their workplaces were notorious for poor safety, inhumane working conditions and low wages. Capitalism was prevalent among the middle and upper classes. Capitalism is the theory of private ownership. The government, allowing owners of businesses, such as Birling's, to make huge profits, adopted a policy of Laissez-faire. ...read more.


Tim Bezant in the introduction of An Inspector calls has some ideas, a few of which I shall now use. In medieval times moral plays would centre on the seven deadly sins, pride, gluttony/greed, envy, lust, covetousness, anger and sloth. Birling's sin is greed. He wants money and power and doesn't seem to mind who he hurts to get it. In Priestley's eyes there is something very wrong with this. It shows no willing to work as a community, which he believes in strongly. Birling is a main victim of the Inspectors wrath. He talks to him "savagely" in his final speech and tells him "he started it", meaning the path to doom. The Inspector holds Birling responsible and his anger with him is heightened by his lack of remorse. Eva Smith seems to recover from this setback when she secures herself a job at Milwards, an upper-class department store. It is not long before another member of the Birling family, Sheila, loses her the job there. Sheila is angry that Eva looked better in a dress than she did so tells her boss that unless Eva is sacked Milwards will lose her family's business. The shop can't afford to lose their business so they sack Eva, admitting her only crime was being too pretty. Sheila displays the maturity of a five-year-old child in her unwarranted attack on Eva. Her sin is envy, and also anger. She acts in a fit of rage, not thinking about what she is doing, unlike Birling. However her reaction to being shown the picture of Eva is quite different from Birling's evasive attitude. She runs out of the room with a scream. ...read more.


The actions of the characters knit together with the issues Priestley wants us to address; community being more important than the individual, misuse of power and that the class system of 1912 was wrong. The pre-war characters examine their consciences with a warning of, "the time will soon come, when, if men will not learn that lesson, then they will be taught it in fire and blood and anguish". This will be very relevant to the generation that has been through two world wars. Priestley never meant for us to examine the degrees of responsibility each character must bear but instead blame society as a whole. It must be realised that we are responsible for each other and we are all to blame, equally, if another is to kill herself. He wants to demonstrate that everyone is responsible for everyone else in society, regardless of the factors that make us selfish as individuals. He sought to teach the audiences the same lesson the characters learn. They are lucky only to witness it rather that experience it. In this essay I have shown that it is impossible to quantify responsibility so it is therefore impossible for us to hold one character more responsible for the death of Eva smith than another. I have also shown how Priestley never meant us to hold each individual responsible but rather society as a whole. This play is relevant to a modern audience because it makes us examine our consciences in the way the Birling are forced to do. Are we no better than the Birlings? It is still important for us to understand that our actions have consequences and we are all responsible for each other. As the poet John Donne once said, "No man is an island" (Meditation XVII). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE J.B. Priestley section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE J.B. Priestley essays

  1. To what extent is each character responsible for Eva's death?To what extent does each ...

    "You're beginning to pretend nothing happened at all." (Page 64) Eric had matured and is trying to take his responsibilities more seriously and maturely. Sheila Birling, Eric's sister is responsible for Eva's death but not as much as Eric, most of Sheila's actions come from her parents who could not face the fact that they were responsible for

  2. An Inspector Calls - Who is responsible for the death of Eva Smith?

    He gave her a home and money but more importantly, the affection, if not love, which she desperately needed and longed for. He rescued her from Alderman Meggarty and although this didn't give him the right to sleep with her, he didn't rescue her to sleep with her and that shows that he isn't really a bad person.

  1. Who is most responsible for the death of Eva Smith?

    Although I don't think that Mr Birling did anything really wrong regarding Eva he does not come off well throughout the play as he shows himself up a number of times because of his personality. , I would say that even though the fired her, it isn't the end of

  2. Who, in your opinion, is most responsible for the death of Eva Smith?

    however, Arthur Birling felt justified in sacking the 'ring-leaders' of the strike, including Eva Smith. Arthur Birling is shown to be one of the unchanging characters throughout the play as he, at no point, takes responsibility for having a part in Eva Smith's death.

  1. Who is most responsible for Eva Smith's death? How does Priestley use her death ...

    shillings and a police constable who got twenty seven shillings a week. So from his perspective he was not underpaying his workers by the standards of 1910, because most employees took advantage, setting the average pay very low for the working class.

  2. Who is most responsible for the death of Eva Smith?

    We first start to find out about his involvement when the Inspector reveals the dead girls name, Eva Smith. Mr. Birling does not seem to remember the name until he sees the photograph of Eva. He says that she was one of the several hundred employees at his works and he discharged her.

  1. Who (or what) do you think is to blame for the death of Eva ...

    They both also had common feelings. Eva had her own morals and Sheila has feelings of her own that others don't share in the play. Initially she was upset about the girl's death and shows compassion for her while her father and Gerald barely seem to care.

  2. Tale of 2 cities

    Carton then finds himself in a horrible situation; he realizes that Charles Darnay the man he helped to stay out of jail now loves the woman he loves. To add to his woes he finds that Lucie loves Charles. This not only breaks her heart, it makes him feel he

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work