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Who is responsible for Macbeth's downfall?

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English Coursework Who is responsible for Macbeths downfall? In this essay I shall be explaining how Macbeth was not solely responsible for his downfall. This will be proved by explaining all the different reasons. In those times everyone believed witchcraft and many people were very against it. In both times 1015, when the play was set and 1550 when the play was performed witchcraft was about a lot. The witches play a big part in the downfall of Macbeth and play a significant role. Lady Macbeth is another character that brings Duncan down, she manipulates Macbeth and uses psychology to work away at him she also says he has not got the evil in him to do it. Lady Macbeth uses quotes like this one to demean him. Also a factor that affected his downfall was Macbeth himself, by his weak character. The witches are the first characters we come across in the play. We instantly feel a eery, sinister atmosphere as there is thunder and lightning. We know that the witches are up to something as they talk in rhyme; this suggests chants and spells. The witches tell Macbeth that he is going to be king. This turns him into a very demanding character and he urges more news and predictions. ...read more.


Lady Macbeth is a very kind, magnanimous and gentle woman around the king but when she hears about the prophecies she turns very devious. Macbeth is persuaded to go through with the murder by Lady Macbeth. This was a very bad mistake to make as it causes Macbeth's downfall. After Lady Macbeth has persuaded Macbeth, he sees images, such as the knife he will murder Duncan with. After the deed he speaks in short sharp sentences, which shows his overwhelming guilt and fear. In the end Macbeth only killed Duncan as he was pressurised by Lady Macbeth and wanted to prove that he was a man to his wife. Lady Macbeth is a very ruthless and evil woman and she is the dominant one in the relationship. She is evil and thinks it would be best to kill Duncan and she invites supernatural aids to come to her and to take away the goodness in her, " Come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here." Lady Macbeth has a very powerful character and uses terrifying language associated with evil, hell, smoke and darkness an example would be in the dunnest smoke of hell. She is not very feminine at all and asks the evil forces to come and take the feminine side from here; " Come to my woman's breasts and take my milk for gall."(Act 1 Scene 5) ...read more.


The second apparition tell Macbeth that no woman or child can hurt him. Then the third apparition says that Macbeth will not be beaten until Birnham wood moves to dunstane. After hearing these three apparitions Macbeth is filled with confidence, he thinks that he does not have to fear Macduff and with no woman or child being able to hurt him he was safe. The witches know that Macbeth is nieve and now that he is the king he thinks nothing will be able to hurt him. Macbeth in this instance is being very silly in the fact that he was trying to tell himself everything was at ease and not looking at the apparitions properly. The apparitions seal Macbeth's fate. In summary it is clear that Macbeth is not solely responsible for the murder of Duncan. For this to take place all three parties would of have to be involved. If the witches had not of been there then they would of never put the idea and the apparitions into his head. Lady Macbeth's role was very important because she twisted and turned Macbeth into an evil, ruthless killer through her own nasty ways. She attacked his manliness and that was what 'ate' away at Macbeth. Also Macbeth's under lying exterior was weak and low and he did not have the courage to say no to Lady Macbeth and being arrogant towards those apparitions was the worst mistake he ever made. ...read more.

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