• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who is the monster in Frankenstein? - Discuss with reference to chapters 5, 16 & 17.

Extracts from this document...


Who is the monster in Frankenstein? - Discuss with reference to chapters 5, 16 & 17 * Discuss Shelley's use of language * Link to historical context * Refer to your knowledge of the novel as a whole There are many ideas as to who the monster really is in Frankenstein and in this essay I will explore who the monster is in the novel. The three main ideas are whether it is Victor, society itself or indeed the monster who is truly evil. Although Victor's creation is known as the Monster, by reading the novel it is clear that this isn't the full story. The beginning of chapter 5 is very important in the novel, as this is the chapter in which the Monster is brought to life, and we learn a lot about what the Monster is really like. We see from the word 'dreary' in the first sentence and 'dismally' a few lines down that misery is to come once the monster has been created. This is also shown by the choice of month - November. This is a winter month and makes the situation seem bleak. The Monster is described as having 'yellow skin', 'watery eyes', a shrivelled complexion' and 'straight black lips'. ...read more.


The Monster is portrayed as powerful, beast-like and destructive. This is shown when he says 'I was like a wild beast that had broken the toils'. He vows an 'ever-lasting war against the species' and also mentions 'justice'. This obviously links in with the theme of justice, and that he has been forced into this war because of the trial by society. He decides to seek out his creator, and on the way he says a girl from drowning. The girl's father shoots him and this only serves to heighten his hatred for humanity. He wishes to befriend a child but on finding that the child is William Frankenstein he kills him. This shows he is jealous of the family love between the Frankenstein family because he himself is not being shown that love by Victor. By this action he also wants to make Victor suffer as much as he is. We can see this when he says 'this death will carry despair to him. We also see his plan to make Victor suffer when he says 'a thousand other miseries shall torment and destroy him'. He plants a portrait from the child onto Justine, who is sleeping. This causes Justine to be accused of the crime and hanged. ...read more.


The novel uses a Chinese-box style narration. This means the story is told by many characters, all of which are similar. Victor's determinedness in creating the Monster parallels Captain Walton's in trying to get to the North Pole. The Monster is also determined in Chapter 17 in persuading Victor to create him a bride. The theme of justice is used heavily, in the way that the Monster is treated by society. He is hated because of his appearance, and this is a misguided opinion, a prejudice. They hate him without knowing his caring and kind spirit. The hanging of Justine uses the theme of justice, and is also a parallel to the monster in the fact the innocent people are punished. In conclusion, I believe that society is the monster in this novel. This is because the judge the Monster by his appearance, without knowing him and what he is truly like. In this way Shelley uses the Monster as a symbol. Nobody knows him but everybody hates him, and the Monster is a symbol of innocent people having others who don't know them being prejudiced towards them. We see this from chapter 5 & 16, and see he is prepared to reason in 17, meaning he is not just a cold-hearted monster. By doing this Shelley develops what we think of people, as well as putting across the point that science can be dangerous. Word count: 1,659 Michael Deacon ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Mary Shelley section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Mary Shelley essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Compare the two chapters which describe the creation of Frankenstein(TM)s monster.

    4 star(s)

    This was his first attempt and it ended in him having to abort his ambition due to him hallucinating. However he tried again, but this time the consequences were a lot worse: this ended in him becoming captivated in the ice for four years.

  2. 'Frankenstein Essay' - With reference to chapters 11-16, trace the development and change in ...

    He genuinely questions what and who he is and so again we feel sympathy. The monster emotionally develops from what he learns of human nature, this occurs when Safie sings to Agatha and the old man. This deeply moves him as her voice 'at once brought tears of delight and joy from his eyes.'

  1. Frankenstien essay

    This made him angrier to seek revenge on he's creator. In chapter 20 of the novel Victor Frankenstein explains why he destroyed the female. Firstly, Frankenstein had said that if she was created he would 'quite the neighbourhood of man, and hide himself in deserts' but there was no guarantee

  2. Victor Frankenstein is a morally reprehensive character. Discuss this with reference to the following ...

    the title is obviously too definitive as he shows he is acting differently in these different situations. In chapter four Frankenstein feels 'the first enthusiasm of success' by creating the monster, but by chapter five is regretting it considerably and remembers it as a 'terrible event'.

  1. Frankenstein - How is the monster portrayed in Chapters 11-16 of the novel?

    This shows the immense intellect of the monster and also makes the reader more attached since there becomes a similarity between the monster and humans. The monster tells us that he 'began also to observe, with greater accuracy, the forms that surrounded me' this shows that the monster is able


    The monsters curiosity and anxiety of the world lead it to learn and discover how nature and its complicated components work, it gained the knowledge of how fire works through experience and he discovered how to express himself using the language English through observation.

  1. Frankenstein - From your reading of the novel, which character do you think is ...

    The third letter that Walton sends simply expresses confidence in his quest: 'I write a few lines in haste to say that I am safe - and well advanced on my voyage.' Shelley may have decided to add a short letter to show that Walton maybe playing down the dangers of his voyage.

  2. Frankenstein. Chapters 4 and 5 in the novel are important because this is when ...

    This shows that right after he created the monster, he regrets it. Not only is he disgusted but he so shocked that he is struggling even to breathe, which shows clearly his very negative emotions. Furthermore, when Frankenstein brings the body that he had designed as beautiful to life he

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work