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Who is to blame for Macbeth's tragic downfall

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Introduction

Caroline Appleby 11y Who is to blame for Macbeth's tragic downfall? -The Witches, Lady Macbeth or himself? How could you emphasise this in a performance? William Shakespeare wrote the play Macbeth is 1606. Shakespeare adds a supernatural dimension that deliberately conspires against Macbeth and his kingdom. The protagonist was lured to murder the king Duncan, by the desire for power, an appetite whetted by the witches' prophecies and his wife's encouragement. All characters made an impact on Macbeth's life and therefore all contributed to his downfall, especially these five people, the witches, Lady Macbeth, and Macbeth himself. Shakespeare creates an air of mystery around the characters to captivate the listeners and make them think people aren't what they really are. From this people could then make there own conclusions and make the play a lot more interesting. At the start of the play there is a definite close relationship between Macbeth and his wife "My dearest love". When he sends her the letter explaining the witch's words and how they had confronted him, Lady Macbeth becomes very close to him as she thinks that he has a chance at becoming king. "Thy letters have transported me beyond This ignorant present, and I feel now The future in the instant." In act 1 scene 6 we see the first sighting of Lady Macbeth and Macbeth together, we already see Lady Macbeth's two-facedness, as she gives Macbeth advice on an act of death that he has not yet agreed to, "Look like the innocent flower/But be the serpent under't". ...read more.

Middle

His wives words may have finally cracked through Macbeth's hard exterior and twisted his thoughts. But as reality hits Macbeth on what is really happening, and the lives that are being lost out of Caroline Appleby 11y wanting power, he becomes much more strong-minded and tells his wife that he will not murder the king, he will not follow her orders. " We will proceed no further in this business". This shows that he can make his own decisions and his wife can only pressure him if he lets her. Lady Macbeth actuates Macbeth into killing the king by threatening their relationship. She takes him back to previous things he has said to her, and the oaths that he has made. She tries to make him feel guilty, and makes out that she is more of a man than he is, and she would rather harm a human life than break her word to someone she loves. "Plucked my nipple from its boneless gums........ had I so sworn As you have done to this." The word 'plucked' is a very sharp, harsh word, showing Lady Macbeth's asperity. Lady Macbeth has a very strong character with an alter ego. In front of her subjects she is much a lady, and is admired. She is very formal and acts as a lady with high principles. But when behind closed doors or with people she is comfortable to be in the presence of, she becomes much more manipulative, adamant and blunt. ...read more.

Conclusion

He orders them to continue, "Speak I charge you". This shows that he is intrigued by there words. When they vanish Macbeth follows with " Would they have stayed?" They had successfully delivered all their information they wished to, in order to leave him suspicious and wanting to pursue the predictions. When the king's servants arrive to tell Macbeth that he has been honoured with the role of Thane of Cawdor, he then starts to rethink the witch's words. If they were right and he would become king, then he would have to make sure he definitely did and therefore contemplate assassinating the king. Without the witches words, Macbeth would never of pursued his wanting desire of becoming king and therefore would never of contemplated killing Duncan. I think you could emphasise the witches importance in the play by making there characters very bold when around Macbeth, but inconspicuously dressed to try and make listeners more aware of them. The music played behind them should be mysterious but quiet, and full of texture to make people listen harder to what the witches have got to say. Caroline Appleby 11y I believe that over all, each one of the people mentioned in this essay has had an influence on Macbeth's downfall, as they all had a domino affect on each other. When one thing is done it pushes the next thing to happen. For example with the witch's words, it made Macbeth more ambitious to become king, which then made Lady Macbeth power crazy. So it is fair to say that the witches were at the start of it all, and therefore were the preliminary individuals to instigate the downfall of Macbeth's life. ...read more.

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