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Who, or what, was responsible for the deaths on the island?

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'Who, or what, was responsible for the deaths on the island?' In this essay I will try to identify who or what was responsible for the deaths on the island in Lord of the Flies. I will be looking at individuals, groups of boys and external factors, such as the fact that there were no adults to keep them in order, the fact that they were moving towards savagery the longer they were on the island, and also the war that was going off in the outside world. In Lord of the Flies, order, civilization and productive leadership are represented through Ralph, one of the main characters. Whilst most of the other boys are interested in playing, having fun, and avoid work at the beginning of the novel, Ralph sets about building huts and maximising their chances of being rescued. However, as the book progresses and the groups turn to savagery, Ralf's power and influence over the other boys declines as Jack's power increases. Eventually, all the boys except Piggy leave Ralph's group for Jack's, and Ralph is left alone to be hunted by Jack's tribe. Ralph never seriously considered joining Jacks tribe to save him self, and it is his willpower to be an individual and do what is right that saves the boys from the evil of the island. ...read more.


The idea found representation in the sow's head, and eventually stands as the moral conclusion of the novel. His brutal murder by the other boys indicated the shortage of that goodness overwhelming abundance of Evil. The main problem of the book is the idea of inherent human evil, which eventually killed Simon's essential human goodness. A whiny, intellectual boy, Piggy's initiative frequently lead to innovation, such as the makeshift sundial, which the boys used to tell time. Piggy represented the scientific rational side of civilization. Roger's character was a sadistic cruel older boy who brutalized the littluns, and murdered piggy by eventually rolling the boulder on him, which was a deliberate and spiteful action. A pair of twins closely allied with Ralph, Samneric were always together and were often treated as a single entity by the other boys. They were young and easily excitable and were subjected to manipulation and coercion by Jack and his cronies. Overall, I believe that there was no certain individual boy responsible for the deaths on the island. I think that, in their own peculiar way, they were all responsible for the deaths. ...read more.


Darkness fell. Ralph was sleeping in a thicket. At dawn, the stick wielding boys rushed, heaving stones and setting fire to the bush. The chase was on. "Think!" Ralph commanded himself. But he was beyond all reasoning. He "Shot forward... screaming, snarling, bloody... He forgot his wounds, his hunger and thirst, and became fear; hopeless fear on flying feet." Ralph sprinted for the beach, where he fell on the sand, crying for mercy. When he staggered to his feet, his hope was there in the form of a white-uniformed navel officer, gazing down at him... This murder was indeed deliberate and almost certainly going to be brutal. To conclude, I don't think it was any of the factors above. I think it was the Lord Of The Flies. The name giving to the sow's head on the 'stick sharpened at both ends' erected in the forest as an offering to the "beast" after Jacks most brutal hunt. It came to symbolise the primordial instincts of power and cruelty that takes control of Jack's tribe. The boys (apart from Simon and Ralph) didn't realise that the beast wasn't something you can hunt down and kill. It was the evil inside them that was already there......... ?? ?? ?? ?? Marie Dzirvinskis All information taken from 'Spark notes', www.lordoftheflies.co.uk and lord of the flies educational edition. ...read more.

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