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Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf by

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Introduction

Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf by Edward Albee How a Couple Denies Reality by Escaping into a World of Fantasy INTRODUCTION Edward Albee's account of the strange relationship between George and Martha was an award-winning Broadway play and a cinema classic. As a drama, it succeeds on all levels. But like all great dramatic works, it is much more than an absorbing story.To understand their mutual cruelty and their failure to accept the world around them, we must understand why they are what they are. The following examination of the leading characters and the drama's underlying themes will help us understand the root causes and motivations for their actions and also the means the couple use to escape from reality. One way to escape from reality is by playing a series of games. Games abound in the play. Several are mentioned explicitly: humiliate the host, hump the hostess, get the guest, bringing up baby. For the last game ,it is George who invents the rules. Martha is a build on mother whose George invented the attributes, the behaviour toward the child. The Imaginary son has both a negative and positive aspect. ...read more.

Middle

First ,it changes their status as players. They are now real characters .Secondly it changes the relationship inside the couple .Now it is George who takes the initiatives. He is first the killer, the preacher and the one who comforts Martha. She is afraid and frustrated because the existence of their couple was based on the life of their child and worries about the future so she attempts to re-establish the lie .(p.139-140) Georges says: "it will be better (to kill the son)" Martha (worried):just us? maybe, we could...(reinstate the idea of the child)...George answered; "no Martha. Martha seems not to be able to live without fantasy. It is interesting to see how she reacts when the game is over. Her distress comes suddenly when she discovers the end of her role as mother, because the life of Jimmy was a part of their life since 21 years, his death is like her own death .The end of her identity. George is the one who takes the initiative of the end of the game. The last game allows him also to have power over Martha. He is the one who leads the game. ...read more.

Conclusion

But they still have now two choices; one is to make up a new game and continue to escape from reality ,the other solution is to get rid of the illusion, to take off their masks. Only the future will tell whether they have been strengthened or made even more vulnerable .They may be able to function better as a real couple in the future, and no more as a fictional one. Maybe Albee will tell us that one cannot always live in a fictional world, one day one must confront our fears instead of trying to escape. To conclude, as we have seen, the way couples try to escape from reality that has become too difficult to face is to create illusions for themselves by making up stories, by playing games, by building up false images of reality. But one cannot eternally escape from reality, one day one must take off our mask and find out our real identity and face our problems. It is what happen to George and Martha. 1. Edward ,Albee.1962. who is afraid of Virginia Woolf .penguin plays ,London 2: Liliane ,Kerjan 1977.Le theatre d'Edward Albee .university of Ferrand,.Lille 3. Samuel ,Beckett 1999.Waiting for Godot . midnight edition.Normandy. ...read more.

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