• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who was to blame for the death of John Proctor?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Who was to blame for the death of John Proctor? There are many characters in "The Crucible" that are partly to blame for the death of John Proctor. Many of the audience could even interpret each one of the characters in the play, as partly responsible by one or several of their actions. However, a few key characters could be seen as the sole causes for Proctors death. Firstly I will discuss how Mary Warren is to blame for the death of John Proctor. Many aspects of Mary's character contribute to the reasons behind her actions and therefore why she is partly responsible. Mary Warren is not an intelligent character and this can be seen by the fact that she saw the accusations of witchcraft as "only a sport" page 86. This could be interpreted as a naivety for not realizing the sometimes fatal consequences of her actions. Some may also see elements of cowardice within Mary's character, a passage which demonstrates this is on page 95 of the play, "Don't touch me!" when Mary is about to re-confirm all the accused's innocence yet suddenly changes her mind after seeing the threat of her own accusation by Abigail, who claims to see Mary in the form of a bird. This cowardice then guides me onto the main reason why Mary Warren is responsible for Proctor's death. ...read more.

Middle

In addition to this Parris was also insistent of Proctor writing a confession for the village to see, "Proctor, the village must have proof that-"which lead to Proctor tearing up his primary confession of witchcraft and therefore signing himself to be hung. Another character that holds the blame for the death of John Proctor is Abigail Williams. Some may say that Abigail is the main blame-holder for the death of Proctor, as she brought about the accusations of witch-craft in the first place. "I never called him. Tituba, Tituba..." reveals this, as this is the moment that Abigail accuses Tituba of trafficking with the Devil. If it wasn't for Abigail, some of the audience could say that the town would not have gone into pandemonium and Mary would not have accused John. Another reason why Abigail is responsible for John's death is that she accused Elizabeth, John's wife, of witchcraft. This is shown by "and she (Abigail) charges me?" Said by Elizabeth when she is accused. It is easy for one to see that if this was not done, John would not have gone to the court in the first place to give evidence against the girls. This can be seen by, "She told it to me in a room alone, I have no proof for it." ...read more.

Conclusion

The audience can be sure that Proctor did in fact have an affair with Abigail by numerous instances within the play. A few are, "Abby will charge lechery on you Mr. Proctor!" also more strongly the scene between Proctor and Elizabeth, "I should have roared you down when you first told me your suspicion, but I wilted, and like a Christian, I confessed." And lastly, "Abby, you'll put it out of mind; I'll not be coming for you anymore." An additional point as to why he is responsible for his death is that in the last scene, he could have survived if he agreed to write a confession for all the village to see, he however wanted to protect his name. So, in one of the greatest human flaws pride, in some peoples opinion, or in one of the greatest human advantages truth, he tore up his confession and therefore was hung. This is shown by Proctors dialogue beginning, "Because it is my name! Because I can not have another in my life!" In conclusion, in my opinion, most people would see John Proctor most to blame for his own death, due to him in the end having the direct choice of a life in shame, or a death in glory, with his guilt repaid, and him picking death. However, admittedly, the other characters mentioned, Abigail, Mary and Parris all also had an almost equal share in his blame. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This essay shows a good coverage of the play and its characters and successfully ranges around the important events. At times the expression used could be improved to enable a more formal and suitable tone to be created.

4 Stars

Marked by teacher Laura Gater 26/07/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Arthur Miller essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    What techniques does Arthur Miller use to highlight the conflict between past and present ...

    4 star(s)

    It can set the mood or atmosphere of a scene and is used by Miller to highlight the conflicts within Willy. An example of this is the opening scene where you see Willy's small house surrounded by large skyscrapers. This gives the audience the feeling that the house is compressed and almost consumed by the large buildings surrounding it.

  2. Literature: Essay on 'The Crucible'

    He then sacrifices himself for his beliefs and for the truth and Miller uses this act of goodness to show the audience that Proctor is a good man after all.

  1. The Importance of One's Name in the Crucible.

    This is because John would rather keep his name intact than save his wife and save the many others that Abigail had accused of witchcraft. It might be considered that he was extremely selfish and his actions unethical, sacrificing others for the sake of himself.

  2. Elia Kazan's film On the Waterfront and Arthur Miller's play The Crucible tell similar ...

    Thus, he chose not to confess. He chose death. One of the differences in the stories is the way in which the characters gave birth to the guilt on their conscience. Terry involuntarily helped in the murder of Joey Doyle: I thought they was gonna talk to him...I thought they was gonna talk to him and get him to

  1. How does Miller handle the theme of Justice in 'The Crucible' and what message ...

    This is the actual reason why Miller chose John. He wanted to make a common man the Hero of his tragedy. In Miller's essay 'Tragedy and the Common Man" he explains how few tragedies are written because people do not want to read about what happens to kings and saints but how it relates to them and how events or situations effect common people.

  2. Why and How Does Eddie Carbone Change As The Play Progresses? What Leads to ...

    This also suggests how Eddie destroys himself. It's Eddie's fault for being so over-protective and forcing her to rebel the way she did. Catherine's first feelings towards Rodolpho are important and we need to know why and what she feels for him.

  1. Empowerment of three main characters in The Crucible

    to stop beating her or she will not speak so highly of his family next time. By using the phrase ?from this out? shows that Mary doesn?t usually expect that kind of treatment from the Proctor, yet now she is able to demand it because of the power gain.

  2. Flashbacks in "Death Of Salesman"

    Miller wants to emphasize how this dream-like life of having such a successful occupation is completely different from what reality is like. He deliberately diverts Willy?s dreams into a completely opposite direction so that it because undoubtedly clear to the audience the need for Willy to have a reality check.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work