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Why Are Pip’s Expectations Disappointed?

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Why Are Pip's Expectations Disappointed? The moral theme of 'Great Expectations' is quite simple: affection, loyalty, and conscience are more important then social advancement, wealth and class. Dickens explores this theme the Bildungsroman genre. The Bildungsroman or novel depicting growth and personal development generally a transition from boyhood to manhood such as that Pip experiences. Pip, as a bildungsroman, Great Expectations presents his growth and development. As the focus of the bildungsroman, Pip is by far the most important character in the novel; He is both protagonist, whose actions make up the main plot of the novel, and the narrator, whose thoughts and attitudes show the readers perception of the story. In form, Great Expectations fits a pattern popular in nineteenth-century European fiction. Throughout Great Expectations, Dickens explores the class system of Victorian England, Ranging from the most wretched criminals (Magwitch) to the poor peasants of the marsh country (Joe and Biddy) to the middle class (Pumblechook) to the very upper class or so called the aristocracy (Miss Havisham). The theme of social class is central to the novel's plot and to the ultimate moral theme of the book - Pip's realizations that wealth and class are less important than affection, loyalty, and inner worth. One's social status is in no way connected to one's real character. ...read more.


Pip began to feel increasingly superior towards Joe, and became easily influenced by others around him. He did not go and visit Joe on returning to Satis House because he felt that to be below him and because he thought that Miss Havisham "would be contemptuous of him." While Pip was in debt a friend advised him to spend even more money to join a club called the Finches, which would swallow up even more money, and he would gain nothing for it. This shows once again a person who has a weak mind. His friendship with Herbert was solid and they showed this by each being able to tell each other things they were unable to tell anyone else. Such as when Estella was plaguing Pip's mind he told Herbert about it and he tried to help. The same thing applied when Herbert was able to tell Pip about Clara. Pip showed that he was still compassionate when he realised what he was doing to Herbert and tried to resolve it. He saw that he was the cause of Herbert's debt and so he tried to help him, he wanted for his "own good fortune to reflect some rays upon him." This showed that Pip still realised friendship was important and that doing a good deed was important no matter how much other people believed it to be a bad idea. ...read more.


Guilt and the death of Magwitch leads to Pip's breakdown and illness. * Joe re-emerges as Pip's saviour (Pip as a 'prodigal son') and as a true model of the Christian 'gentleman' as Pip finds out. * Pip's better actions are partially rewarded through his rescue by Joe, 'friendship' with Estella and employment, as a 'confirmed bachelor' with Herbert And Clara. * The end of the story is hollow. Pip is not to find romantic consolation with Estella, and ends the novel alone, as at the beginning. In Conclusion Pip's expectations are disappointed by: 1. Magwitch is Pip's real benefactor, not Miss Havisham as Pip thought it was for the first third through the novel. 2. He finds out that being a gentleman is not what he thinks it is at the beginning of the novel (wealth, 'breeding', education, and social status) but finds out that it is not the clothes the money or etiquette, its the man's heart and how he uses it. 3. Finally the one thing that made his own life change in so many ways. Estella, for all Pip's life he wanted to be a husband to Estella and have a good life together, although that doesn't work out. Although they do become close they do not get married! ?? ?? ?? ?? Written By Luke Danton ~ 10 Manns ~ Eng. ...read more.

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