• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Lloyd Georgewin a great victory in 1918, yet fall from power only years later?

Extracts from this document...


Why did Lloyd George win a great victory in 1918, yet fall from power only years later? There had not been a general election in Great Britain for nearly eight years. The war was a very long and particularly brutal one and the British Government clearly needed a fresh mandate in readiness for the forthcoming peace negotiations. Asquith was not an inspiring leader and before the end of the war, he was replaced by Lloyd George who had become the munitions minister. He was very dynamic and had the opinion that the Liberals had outgrown its original theories. Therefore, with the powers he had he set about on a course or radical change, he slashed bureaucratic red tape by requisitioning a hotel for his new ministry. He instituted a five man war cabinet for the first time, this cabinet was not full of friends or cronies but instead it had influential people like Conservative leader Andrew Bonar Law Lords Curzon and Mulner And probably the most surprising member was Jan Smuts the South African Leader. Lloyd George had much to sort out, Britain's food production was crucial but he resolved this by establishing a minimum wage for farm labourers and using prisoners of war, he started food rationing and licensing hours. He instigated a convoy system from America to U.K to stop the German submarines sinking too many cargo ships. This proved successful with less than 1% of escorted ships being sunk. ...read more.


In industrial relations, Lloyd George fell fowl of the trade unions by refusing to nationalise the coalmining industry. Due to the fact, this was a coalition Government it meant that Lloyd George could not afford to ignore his backbenchers. This meant that the mines and the railways were returned to private ownership. It was only through Lloyd George's intervention and powers of negotiation that he managed to split the coalminers from the main union alliance and advert a huge massive General strike that had blighted Europe. In 1920 there was a short post war Boom in the economy, however it did not last for a long and when the boom collapse came it had a major impact on the economy and on the Lloyd George Government. Unemployment began to rise to over two million by 1921. The unemployment rate only fell below one million when the Second World War started in 1939. With all the unemployed workers in Britain, the government had to prevent large industries such as coal, steel, cotton (the Staple industries) and smaller industries taking direct action against the government. Trade unions organised strike action so the workers could get more money and better working conditions. With these strikes, coming and going the government decided to introduce Unemployment Insurance which gave unemployed workers 75 pence a week for 15 weeks and if you needed further benefits they were also available this helped to relieve slightly the hardship on large families for a short time however this scheme did not bring back employment. ...read more.


As it was civil revolt in the area cost over 100,000 lives. The sale of honours was a further cause of discontent of Lloyd George's Government. Which made Lloyd George's reputation tarnished and many conservatives, journalist and the public were questing his integrity. The sale of honours rose staidly and then rapidly after 1918. Anyone who wanted and OBE, Knighthood, MBE just had to pay 'The Going Rate' the money did however, go in to Lloyd Georges government fund and then the money went to support the liberal party in 1920 for their campaign. Many other Prime minister had done this kind of thing before him but not on this scale. There was however, growing concerns about the style of leadership Lloyd George had adopted. Many historians clam that Lloyd George was a great 'War leader' as well as a great prime Minister. When you look at his policies we can see that they were Conservative policies brought to fruition by Lloyd George, they were a complete failure and it was not surprising to see the Conservative party and the coalition Conservative party distance themselves from them and Lloyd George. It is fair to say that not everything was his fault, bringing a country back from war is never easy as we can witness from today's world events he was probably the only politician capable of running the country at the time. Everybody was quite prepared to let him do it and support him UNTILL it all started to go wrong. Not much different from today really!!! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE John Steinbeck section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE John Steinbeck essays

  1. To what extent can the fall of Lloyd George be attributed to the Chanak ...

    There was, for instance his less than plentiful visits to the commons. MPs from all areas of parliament found this irritating to say the least, especially the coalition.(5p148) There were also rumours that he leaked info to the press, and his flirtatious personal life.

  2. Why did Lloyd George win so overwhelmingly in the 1918 Election, yet fall from ...

    Lloyd George took over Herbert Asquith's role of Prime Minister in 1918, however Asquith remained leader of the Liberal Party. Whether Lloyd George survived or not in the political jungle, depended on the co-operation of the Conservatives. It was the leading Conservative M.P.'s vote he was relying on to maintain himself in office.

  1. Saving Private Ryan

    Lots of men were drowning due to heavy equipment or getting shot. The sea is a bold dark red blood is everywhere. At the end of the second scene Miller makes it to the beach. The camera work in this scene starts with a head and shoulder shot of a

  2. Why Did Lloyd Gearge Fall From Power

    Most of them found jobs thanks to the post war boom. This was very encouraging for the new government Although Britain was on the rise, unemployment was the highest it had been for a very long time. This was in a sense due to the continuation of the slow decline of the British economy which had begun in the 1870's.

  1. the general and his labyrinth

    Palacios, believes that his second chance to build a united South America will be successful, Independence holds him back and prevents him from achieving his dreams. He becomes aware of this when his close friend Field Marshall says, "It seems we planted the idea of independence so deep that now

  2. How successful was Lloyd George as peace-time Prime minister?

    They were claiming that that wasn't enough, now they wanted a pay rise. However, on April 15th, labelled Black Friday by the miners, the rail workers and transport workers pulled out. The miners had to carry out the strike alone, and to their credit, did so for three months.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work