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Why did Richard III take the throne in 1483, and why did he lose it in 1485?

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Introduction

Nicola White Why did Richard III take the throne in 1483, and why did he lose it in 1485? Richard III came to power in 1483, shortly after his brother Edward IV died. He craved power and got rid of any threats to his title of king. Richard was only King for two years and he was killed in the battle of Bosworth in 1485. His successor was Henry VII. When Edward IV died in 1483, his brother Richard became the temporary protector of England. This was due to Edward IV son, Prince Edward, being too young to claim the title of King. Elizabeth Woodville did not trust Richard to run the country and organized a Regency Council to control England. Richard was angered by this and in return he persuaded the Council that Elizabeth and Edward IV had not legally been married, therefore Prince Edward was not the heir to the throne. ...read more.

Middle

Richard had made enemies with the Woodvilles and their supporters. Richard feared the Woodvilles would try to destroy his power by turning Edward V against him or possibly assassinate him. Richard was not a stranger to killing in order to obtain power. His brother Edward IV had done this and so had previous rulers. Richard was able to claim the throne through motivation, desire for power, hatred for the Woodvilles, assassination of any threats to his position and his ideas with help from the Duke of Buckingham. Richard also had strong support in the North which helped him claim the title of King. Richard was only able to maintain the throne for two years. This was mainly due to Henry Tudor, a Lancastrian who had a lot of support. Henry had been living in Brittany from when he was young and was now ready to return to England and seize the throne. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Buckingham rebellion also played a part in his overthrow. The Buckingham rebellion was cause by the splits made in the Yorkist party caused by Richard's usurpation. It is believed Buckingham turned against Richard after the apparent murder of his nephews and also the fact he wanted power for himself. Richard III took the throne in order to gain power, stop the Woodville's from taking power as he had strong hatred towards them and also as his brother had died, he had the opportunity to seize the throne. Having support also helped him. However, Richard was unable to full establish himself as he was only in power for a short time. This was due to the Buckingham rebellion and his inability to dispose of his real threat, Henry Tudor who returned to claim the throne. ...read more.

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