• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was London the inevitable starting point for news publication in serial form?

Extracts from this document...


Why was London the inevitable starting point for news publication in serial form? Fleet Street is the area in London that runs from Temple Bar eastwards to Ludgate Circus. It includes the Strand, Blackfriars Road, and Farringdon Street. London, especially Fleet Street, is traditionally the centre of British journalism. In the 1640s it was the starting point for news publication in serial form, when newsbooks were first developed here. Although newsbooks and other news publications had been published before the 1640s, these had only implicitly been serials. The periodicity of early news publications pre-1640 was irregular. They appeared at roughly weekly intervals, whenever there was enough news to fill them. The first effort to produce a serial publication was made by Humphrey Blunden, who produced 'A True Divernall of the Last Weeks Passages in Parliament'. This marked a turning point in news publication as editions started to be numbered and be published at a regular frequency for the first time. These innovations were followed by other publishers and marked the beginning of the serial press. After the appearance of the first serial newsbook in November 1641, there was a rapid expansion of the serial press. ...read more.


Therefore, Publishers would have to base their publications in an area served well by transportation, to enable the publications to be distributed to a larger area, thus increasing their audience and profits. London was the obvious choice for this. As the capital city of England, it was the centre of the road network, with highways spreading out in all directions. Publishers based in London could distribute their publications to many areas, including Kent, Yorkshire, Sussex and Buckinghamshire. London was also the obvious place for the serial press to be based, as it was the area where a majority of newsworthy events occurred. Joseph Frank states: "London was the capital, in every sense of the word, of England's economic, social, and political life."8 The main areas of public interest at this time were: religious, legal and political issues or events. Being based in the country's political centre was particularly important because many serial news publications solely reported parliamentary proceedings. Examples of these include: 'A Perfect Divernall', 'A continuation of Certain Special and Remarkable Passages', 'Special Passages and England's Memorable Accidents', 'Mercurius Aulicus', 'Certain Informations', 'The Heads of Severall Proceedings in This Present Parliament', and 'The Kingdomes Weekly Intelligencer'. ...read more.


These factors made it highly likely, not inevitable, for London to be the starting point for the serial press. However, there was one factor that did make it inevitable the serial press developed in London in the 17th century; this was the legislation passed in 1557. In 1557 Elizabeth I "introduced a system of...licensing of printers, which proved effective for much of the 16th and 17th centuries,"10 she granted a royal charter to the Stationers Company, to control the number of printers. This had the effect of monopolising and limiting the craft of printing to London. It made it inevitable that serial news publications developed in London, because if publishers produced news documents outside London, they would face prosecution from the government. In conclusion, there were many factors which led to the emergence of London as the starting point for news publication in serial form. These were economic, political, and historical. These factors alone did not make it inevitable for London to emerge as the dominant centre for news publication in serial form, but in combination they contributed to making London the sensible place for publishers to base their publications if they wanted to maximise their profits, which was their primary concern. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE William Blake section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE William Blake essays

  1. The Population Growth of London 1801 - 1881

    End of London, while the less well off classes congregated in the East End, where some parts were of incredible poverty and filth.

  2. The Art of Living in London - Henry Peacham.

    The greatest contrast of all was between the heights of individual wealth - with the nobility, merchants and professional men enjoying carefully acquired capital while in the depths of poverty many depended on the poor rate or on charity. Peacham advises visitors to the city to 'arm themselves with patience

  1. Was September 11 2001 a turning point in world history?

    They tell us that it was this event that lead the U.S into the second world war, we know that the event lead to the destruction of the Japanese Empire, and the dropping of the first nuclear bomb. If the link is made between September 11 and Pearl Harbour, do

  2. The Changing Urban Geography of the Inner East End and the City of London.

    was designated an economic development zone. As a result the years since 1980 have seen massive expansion of new industries and employment, and an extraordinary landscape-changing transformation has taken place. Empty warehouses have been converted and derelict sites have been replaced by towering office blocks and contemporary housing complexes, many with award-winning glass and steel designs.

  1. How, if at all, did the lives of Londoners in the seventeenth century differ ...

    Life for those with access to such society earned enough in wages, or brought it to the metropolis, to fuel a cycle of 'conspicuous consumption' which promoted the expansion of the service sector in London and encouraged the importation or production of luxury goods.

  2. To what extent do major sporting events boost, local, regional and national economies?

    the games will get criticism, there is going to be a joint effort coming from the London council tax and business rate payers and the London Development agency. Londoners will see further increases on their council tax bill to the tune of around �20 a year and business rates in the capital will also see substantial increases.

  1. When watching TV programs, one hardly notices how each and every aspect of the ...

    They come to the conclusion that the person most likely to takeover is Michael Howard with David Davies as his deputy. They constantly went back to the live link for an update of events and ask more questions about the consequences of this move by the party and speculate on what the party's 165 MPs will eventually decide on.

  2. King (1990, page x) argues that

    Different types of growth are included, but emphasis is largely placed on the geographical and economic dimensions of London's change and development. London's imperial role was crucial to the expansion of its fortunes. Growth was inextricably linked with the colonial empire and took place in several key areas during the colonial interlude.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work