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Why was Rochester castle under siege in 1215?

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Introduction

Why was Rochester castle under siege in 1215? The siege of Rochester was a significant moment in the medieval period. In this essay I explore the decisions and policies by John that led up to one of the most dramatic periods in early medieval history and earned him the reputation of a bad, unlucky and cruel King. John became King in 1199, he owned nearly as much land in France than he did in England. But unfortunately for John he lost lots of this French territory, including Normandy. Richard the Lion heart was the main reason for this loss. Richard was king before John and had made his nobles in France very angry because he took so much of their money to finance the wars in France and the crusades and they were angry about being ruled by an English monarch. Most of these nobles thought Arthur of Brittany were the man for the job. Most of the people in France weren't happy that John was their new King and went to war against him. At first this went well for John and captured many of his enemies, including Arthur of Brittany. ...read more.

Middle

John tried very hard to get his land in France back, but by doing so he irritated his great nobles or "barons" back in England. He wanted to get more money from them to fund further conflict, he wanted them to cross over the channel and help him personally in his wars. Most of the barons had no wish to part with more money or to fight in France. In 1205 John met with his barons and tried to get them to come over and fight with him to regain his land in France. After losing Normandy, John began to distrust his barons. He gave more and more jobs to poor foreigners because he thought that they would be grateful to him and would not let him down. The barons expected to get the best jobs, so this made them even exasperated with John. John kept on trying to get back his lands in France all through his life. He tried to get as much money as possible from people in England, including the barons, to pay for armies. ...read more.

Conclusion

It would be then be restored to the Archbishop at a later date when the counrty was at peace again. This was agreed and so less than a month later, soon after the signing of the Magna Carta, the castle was returned to Langton. But when cival war broke out again in the autunm of 1215, the king told Langton to return to the original agreement and transfer the castle to the Bishop of Westminster, who happened to be a royal supporter. Rochester was an important strategic base. In between the main route from London to the south coast, it was crucial for John that he was the one to have control of the castle. All the evidence shows that Rochester came under seige due to religious problems between the Pope and the John helped to fuel political problems. The Barons were fearful that Langton would give back the castle under pressure from the King and the Pope and therefore they joined forces with him. This ment for John to win the cival war he had to defeat the Barons and take over Rochester Castle which lead to the greatest siege ever seen by man in 1215. By Matt ...read more.

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