• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the "Ripper" able to get away with his murders? Why were the police powerless to stop him? These are some of the questions that still puzzle Ripperologists who search for Jack the Ripper's identity

Extracts from this document...


INTRODUCTION In August 1888 a killer who became known as Jack the Ripper committed the first of a series of murders. To this day the identity of the killer remains a mystery. Five women were brutally killed in the East End of London, by a maniac who appeared to kill without warning and with no remorse. Why was the "Ripper" able to get away with his murders? Why were the police powerless to stop him? These are some of the questions that still puzzle Ripperologists who search for Jack the Ripper's identity till this day, looking in old archives and books. ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVES Research and gain knowledge on: - > The development of the police forces in Britain in the nineteenth century. > Law and order in London in the late nineteenth century. > Whitechapel in the nineteenth century. With this knowledge you should be able to answer the following questions: - 1. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century. (15 Marks) 2. Why did the Whitechapel murders attract so much attention in 1888 (15 Marks) 3. Why were police unable to catch Jack the Ripper? (20 Marks) QUESTIONS QUESTION 1 DESCRIBE LAW AND ORDER IN LONDON IN THE NINETEENTH CENTRY. (15 Marks) Law and order in London in the late nineteenth century was at a developing level, with new acts introduced this century, the way law and order was dealt with changed as the century was coming to an end. During the early and mid nineteenth century, watchmen patrolled the streets of London and special constables- this was ineffective as the number of civilians living in London outnumbered those watchmen and constables to a great level. However, the introduction of the new Metropolitan Police Force in 1829 was set up to change the situation. The new police force put in place by Robert Peel, was first constructed of 3200 men, 17 divisions, 4 inspectors and 144 constables. ...read more.


All these queries were supposed to be answered by the Metropolitan Police Force; however, they weren't able to catch the Ripper. This is the reason why the world press degraded them. British newspaper business were eager to sell more and more newspapers these days as the Education Act 1870 made it compulsory for everyone to attend school, meaning that now most of the British population was literate. The Fleet Street newspapers competed by writing articles, that more likely were incorrect and unreliable. However, the only thing that mattered to the newspapers at the time was selling, and as the British population was enthusiastic about the murders carried out by Jack the Ripper, they published incorrect material. This shows how much attention Jack the Ripper attracted, as to keep him in the minds of the British population, the very source that everyone depended on telling the truth, told a lie! The world press also played a big role in attracting attention to the murders. They deeply investigated the murders and at times produced false information and rumours that made the populace even more fearful and intimidated to stroll through the alleys of Whitechapel at night. Offering rewards was a tactic that the police used later on, which it previously thought was insufficient to collect evidence about Jack the Ripper and his whereabouts. By this, many people were attracted to the case and produced false evidence solely to get a reward in the end. This afterwards proved to be totally unsatisfactory as the police found the investigation harder as many people brought forward different and inconclusive information with regard to the identity of the Ripper. The double murders that took place in the night of the 30th of September 1888 also caused people to grow fearful and attentive in the East End of London. The first victim of the double murders was Elizabeth Stride who was found to have several cuts in the neck and windpipe. ...read more.


However this did not work as the "Ripper" was still too quick for the Metropolitan police. Another method used by the police was to try and go undercover to catch Jack the Ripper. Some officers dressed up as prostitutes to try and lure Jack the Ripper into spending some time with them. However this did not work as there were no female officers at the time, and the men who dressed up still wore their typical police boots which were still recognisable despite the heavily polluted smog that filled the air, blowing their disguise. Again the police had wasted more time, as their method of investigation was still unreasonable. These thoughtless actions were not kept quiet. Jack the Ripper news attracted worldwide attention. These actions were even commented on in the New York Times, "the London Police must be the stupidest police force in the World". This did not give a good impression of the Metropolitan police force. On conclusion the police were unable to catch Jack the Ripper because of their lack of knowledge of serial killers and the undeveloped methods of investigation they used. When Jack the Ripper first started his 'campaign of murder', the police were unaware that they were dealing with a serial killer and more importantly did not know what a serial killer was. This was to the disadvantage to the police, as they did not know how to catch Jack the Ripper. Another factor why the police were unable to catch Jack the Ripper was the little knowledge of forensic science that they had at the time. The police were uneducated in forensic science, and in many occasions altered the scene of the crime. Lastly, the police were unable to catch Jack the Ripper because of the methods that they used. The police at the time were uneducated in 'undercover' work as well. They did not know how to disguise themselves into the normal population to trap Jack the Ripper. ?? ?? ?? ?? Asim Macci Jack the Ripper 11R Assignment 1 History Coursework Page 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE William Golding section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE William Golding essays

  1. How did the Police try to catch Jack the Ripper?

    Bloodhounds were also used on some occasions to try to track down the criminal but this also failed (one time the Blood Hounds went straight back to Sir Charles Warren, the owner, and the on several occasions, due to lack of public awareness, the crime scene had been tampered with and evidence spoilt.)

  2. Jack the Ripper - Whitechapel in the 1880's.

    Here is what the Metropolitan police force was set out to do. "The Metropolitan Police Force was set up to carry out the functions of both the watchmen and the special constables. They were to patrol the streets in order to keep order and deter crime, but were also to be used to tackle major disturbances such as riots."

  1. The Development of Fa in The Inheritors

    Fa now associates the new people with her; they control life, and most importantly, they control fear. The contrast between Fa's development and that of the Neanderthals is represented by the differences shown between Lok and she. There are many similarities between these two characters; they have the same love

  2. Why did the Whitechapel murders get so much attention?

    Catherine Eddowes, on the other hand had her rectum, breastbone ripped open, intestines were detached and she had a gash to both eyes.

  1. Jack The Ripper

    Source C describes the victim in more detail. This Source tells us how the victim was killed and it also tells us what the victim's body was like after the murder. The evidence of Source C supports the evidence of Source A, but only to some extent.

  2. From studying Source A, whish is part of an article written in the East ...

    These two statements both show the extent to which the two sources agree with each other. In other words, they both declare that skill and knowledge were both big factors in linking the two murders. They also might suggest that the same person may have carried out the murders, planning their attacks down to the very last detail.

  1. The Criminal wave.

    "Yes", a grave voice came. "Professor Parkinson?" "That's me," "I am FBI Special Agent Sam Nolton. I wanted to ask a few questions about your research work. Can we meet? "Well, I'm too busy today but we can meet tomorrow. Unfortunately, the research has been halted because of a major flaw in my hypothesis".

  2. Jack the Ripper - Why were the police unable to catch jack the ripper?

    The police did not know the significance of the clues found. Many clues were mistreated or even lost. They were unclear as to how they must treat all clues however little or big actually are. As mentioned, the police's lack of knowledge in tracking a serial killer was a big problem.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work