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WHY WERE THE MAJOR CITIES OF BRITIAN BOMBED BY THE GERMANS IN 1940-1941

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Introduction

WHY WERE THE MAJOR CITIES OF BRITIAN BOMBED BY THE GERMANS IN 1940-1941? The whole world was on fire. Bombers came in wave after wave, and London barely had time to catch with the effect of the fire caused by the Germans bomb. Fighters were scrambled to deal with the threat of fire, but there were just too many of them and just too many bombers. The drone of the planes overhead became a familiar sound over the ensuing days. It instilled fear in the people, but it also drew a steadfastness in them to stand their ground and never give in. The bombing also caused disastrous disruption to other aspects of everyday life. ...read more.

Middle

The U-boats began sinking large numbers of British merchant ships bringing food and war supplies across the Atlantic from America. This played a large part in forcing the government to bring in rationing, to make sure that the food which was available was fairly shared out. Many cities in Britain were forced to cope with the difficulties above and many had to adjust their daily routines. However, London was especially badly hit. At the start of the campaign, the government did not allow the use of underground rail stations as they considered them a potential safety hazard. However, the population of London took the matter into their own hands and opened up the chained entrances to the tube stations. ...read more.

Conclusion

Under wartime restrictions, people could not simply leave their homes and move elsewhere. The poorest in London lived in the East End and it was this area that was especially hit hard by bombing because of the docks that were based there. However, most of the families there could do little else except stay where they were unless specifically moved by the government. These families developed what became known as a "war-time spirit". They adapted their lives to the constant night-time bombing. By May 1941, 43 000 had been killed across Britain and 1.4 million had been made homeless. Not only was London attacked but so were many British cities. Plymouth was particularly badly bombed, but the most famous raid was on Coventry, when the raid lasted several hours killing 400. Most of Britain's cities were also attacked- Manchester, Glasgow, Liverpool etc. ...read more.

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