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William Golding's main reason to explore the "defects of human nature" in his novel Lord of the Flies is to portray the destruction caused when civilization is consumed by

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Introduction

DEFECTS OF HUMAN NATURE William Golding's main reason to explore the "defects of human nature" in his novel Lord of the Flies is to portray the destruction caused when civilization is consumed by the dark side of human nature. He also wanted to divulge the reactions and behaviors of different types of people under same situations. The four main "defects of human nature" that is explored in the novel are fear and insecurity, indolence (longing for excitement), being dependent on others and ignorance towards reality. These defects make the boys join Jack's tribe even though Jack is selfish, quick-tempered and violent. Fear plays an important role not only in the novel but also in our lives as it reflects upon our actions. Everyone reacts differently while experiencing fear or insecurity. Early in the novel, Jack mentions that "We've got to have rules and obey them. After all, we're not savages. We're English; and the English are best at everything. ...read more.

Middle

Indolence is the key defect in Ralph which slowly separated the boys from his group. Although Ralph makes sensible rules and regulations, he is not capable of enforcing the rules on the boys. When he came up with the idea of building a fire, it is Jack who leads the boys to the top of the mountain while shouting "Come on! Follow me!" (Pg. 37) The boys joined Jack's tribe because Jack is a natural, active leader who, instead of dreaming on the shore, is sniffing the ground for traces of pig droppings deep in the jungle. Under Jack's reign, the boys can "hunt and feast and have fun" (Pg. 154). Golding discussed this defect in the novel to show how sometimes good leaders can have bad influence on others and how bad leaders can have good influence on others. Though, it is clear that the key to influence others is to be active and to acknowledge the concerns and interests of others. ...read more.

Conclusion

Midway through the novel, the boys start ignoring the fact that they are stranded on an island and that they need to get rescued. Ralph, Piggy and "Samneric" are the only ones who take the signal fire seriously. Later on in the novel, after the feast, Ralph admits that he is responsible for Simon's death. Piggy refuses to believe it as "It was dark" and "It was an accident" (Pg. 173). Though deep inside, Piggy knows that it was murder. Similarly, there are many people in this world who refuse to accept the true facts no matter how obvious they are. As Golding grew up during the war periods, he witnessed these "defects of human nature". He explored these defects in the novel Lord of the Flies so that people can relate it to themselves, acknowledge the problem and find solutions for it before civilization is consumed by darkness and ruled by savagery and fear. As mentioned earlier, he hopes that the world unites as soon as possible as he knows that there is no one who can rescue this world from chaos and darkness. ...read more.

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