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With close reference to a Christmas Carol, show how Dickens traces Scrooges change of character during the course of the novel. Refer to the social conditions of the time in your answer.

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English Essay A Christmas Carol By Charles Dickens K.Stalker With close reference to a Christmas Carol, show how Dickens traces Scrooges change of character during the course of the novel. Refer to the social conditions of the time in your answer. Scrooge represents the rich Victorian society who neglect and ignore the poor. He does not believe in charity and all he cares about is his business. From the beginning of the novel we see Scrooge as a cold, hard hearted man. The first evidence of this is when Jacob Marley, Scrooges work partner and friend, died. "Scrooge was not so dreadful cut up by the sad event." Scrooge even worked during his funeral. We see that Scrooge has no sentimental cares, he only cares for money. Scrooge was relatively rich but he was a "squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner." He spent no money on heating, and his clerk was forced to work in the freezing cold. Everyone knew how miscreant Scrooge was. People did not say hello to him or even try and as for a favour or money because they knew Scrooge would say no. Scrooge is even hostile to his own blood relative. His nephew wishes him a Merry Christmas but Scrooge does not care for him. When Scrooge was asked to give to a charity he refused instantly, he believed that if people were homeless they should be put in "prison" or "workhouses." ...read more.


Scrooge sees Crachits youngest son, a cripple called Tiny Tim. Scrooge was very concerned about Tiny Tim. "Spirit," said Scrooge, with an interest he had never felt before, "tell me if Tiny Tim will live." The old Scrooge, I doubt, would not care very much for anybody other than himself but the new Scrooge seems kind and anxious. Before Scrooge believed that if you were going to die you should hurry up and to it to decrease the overgrowing population. The Spirit said this to him and "Scrooge hung his head to hear his own words quoted by the Spirit, and was overcome with penitence and grief." Later on Scrooge was shown his nephew and family. They were enjoying Christmas very much and having a wonderful time. During their party they wished Scrooge good health, if Scrooge could talk to them he would have thanked them and wished good health back. "Scrooge had imperceptibly become so gay and light of heart, that he would have pledged the unconscious company in return, and thanked them in an inaudible speech." We can see that on page five Scrooge did not even reply to his nephews well wishes which is a complete transformation. Before the Spirit leaves, he shows Scrooge two more things. Two children who represent ignorance and want. The children are wretched, skinny creatures. Again Scrooge shows genuine concern for them. ...read more.


It's not just the fact of the strong class division that annoyed Dickens, but the fact the poor had to live in cold, cramped, dirty conditions. Dickens reminds us of how some people don't have a home to go to and had to try and warm themselves in whatever way they could. "Some labourers were repairing the gas-pipes, and had lighted a great fire in a brazier, round which a party of ragged men and boys gathered warming their hands." This is quite upsetting as these people had no where to live. When Crachit asked for one day off in the whole year to celebrate Christmas with his family, Scrooge begrudges this. Workers as poor as Bob Crachit weren't allowed much free time off. When Jacob Marley visited Scrooge he gave him the message that he should have thought about other people. Marley said that he wanted to help people now " [he, the ghost] cried piteously at being unable to assist a wretched women with an infant." This is about a single mother with no where to go and how now the ghost wanted to help her when before he wouldn't have. Next we see in Bob Crachits house how Bob's daughter had to work through out the night on Christmas day to earn money for the family and although they were very poor they still managed to enjoy Christmas as much as rich people which showed that poor people did not feel sorry for themselves which is a very noble thing to do. ...read more.

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