• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With close reference to a Christmas Carol, show how Dickens traces Scrooges change of character during the course of the novel. Refer to the social conditions of the time in your answer.

Extracts from this document...


English Essay A Christmas Carol By Charles Dickens K.Stalker With close reference to a Christmas Carol, show how Dickens traces Scrooges change of character during the course of the novel. Refer to the social conditions of the time in your answer. Scrooge represents the rich Victorian society who neglect and ignore the poor. He does not believe in charity and all he cares about is his business. From the beginning of the novel we see Scrooge as a cold, hard hearted man. The first evidence of this is when Jacob Marley, Scrooges work partner and friend, died. "Scrooge was not so dreadful cut up by the sad event." Scrooge even worked during his funeral. We see that Scrooge has no sentimental cares, he only cares for money. Scrooge was relatively rich but he was a "squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner." He spent no money on heating, and his clerk was forced to work in the freezing cold. Everyone knew how miscreant Scrooge was. People did not say hello to him or even try and as for a favour or money because they knew Scrooge would say no. Scrooge is even hostile to his own blood relative. His nephew wishes him a Merry Christmas but Scrooge does not care for him. When Scrooge was asked to give to a charity he refused instantly, he believed that if people were homeless they should be put in "prison" or "workhouses." ...read more.


Scrooge sees Crachits youngest son, a cripple called Tiny Tim. Scrooge was very concerned about Tiny Tim. "Spirit," said Scrooge, with an interest he had never felt before, "tell me if Tiny Tim will live." The old Scrooge, I doubt, would not care very much for anybody other than himself but the new Scrooge seems kind and anxious. Before Scrooge believed that if you were going to die you should hurry up and to it to decrease the overgrowing population. The Spirit said this to him and "Scrooge hung his head to hear his own words quoted by the Spirit, and was overcome with penitence and grief." Later on Scrooge was shown his nephew and family. They were enjoying Christmas very much and having a wonderful time. During their party they wished Scrooge good health, if Scrooge could talk to them he would have thanked them and wished good health back. "Scrooge had imperceptibly become so gay and light of heart, that he would have pledged the unconscious company in return, and thanked them in an inaudible speech." We can see that on page five Scrooge did not even reply to his nephews well wishes which is a complete transformation. Before the Spirit leaves, he shows Scrooge two more things. Two children who represent ignorance and want. The children are wretched, skinny creatures. Again Scrooge shows genuine concern for them. ...read more.


It's not just the fact of the strong class division that annoyed Dickens, but the fact the poor had to live in cold, cramped, dirty conditions. Dickens reminds us of how some people don't have a home to go to and had to try and warm themselves in whatever way they could. "Some labourers were repairing the gas-pipes, and had lighted a great fire in a brazier, round which a party of ragged men and boys gathered warming their hands." This is quite upsetting as these people had no where to live. When Crachit asked for one day off in the whole year to celebrate Christmas with his family, Scrooge begrudges this. Workers as poor as Bob Crachit weren't allowed much free time off. When Jacob Marley visited Scrooge he gave him the message that he should have thought about other people. Marley said that he wanted to help people now " [he, the ghost] cried piteously at being unable to assist a wretched women with an infant." This is about a single mother with no where to go and how now the ghost wanted to help her when before he wouldn't have. Next we see in Bob Crachits house how Bob's daughter had to work through out the night on Christmas day to earn money for the family and although they were very poor they still managed to enjoy Christmas as much as rich people which showed that poor people did not feel sorry for themselves which is a very noble thing to do. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. A Christmas Carol Essay.

    is a time to show love and compassion towards others Dickens uses that against scrooges character and makes him hate Christmas, and so that represents the people of high society in that stereotype as cold uncompassionate people, as wanted by Dickens.

  2. Describe Scrooge's character in stave 1 of "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens. How ...

    that he wished that he had given something to the caroller when the caroller came to the door of his counting house to wish him a Merry Christmas.

  1. How does Dickens effectively portray the transformation in Scrooges Character?

    felt sorry for himself, he finds himself sympathising with Bob Cratchit who he ignored. It's the first time the reader see's Scrooge's cares about someone other than himself. It gives a feeling a hope because you would never think Scrooge would change. The ghost of the future shows Scrooge's death.

  2. A Christmas Carol - Explore Scrooges Transformation from the beginning of the novel to ...

    It could mean that they were nicer to look at, which would be true, because snow can be pretty. However, the other idea is much more important. The only thing that bad weather is better at is generosity. Rain and snow and hail would never hold back in quantity, whereas

  1. How Does Dickens Portray Scrooge in the Beginning of "A Christmas Carol"?

    This is because he did not live life fully and care for others "and if that spirit goes not forth in life, it is condemned to do so after death." He is cast in chains, and forced to wander through the world lonely and enslaved.

  2. How and why does the character of Scrooge change in 'A Christmas Carol' by ...

    I should like to have given him something: that's all." When the Ghost shows him his sister and remarks that ".... she had a large heart!", Scrooge feels for her and is uncomfortable when the Spirit reminds him of his nephew.

  1. The novel 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles

    said Scrooge in a broken voice, 'remove me from this place.'". What the spirit is showing him, is gradually breaking him, and making him think upon his past actions. The next ghost to visit Scrooge is the Ghost of Christmas Present.

  2. How does Dickens use the character of Scrooge to teach his readers, old and ...

    Fezziwig was a caring employer, and was a merry, jolly person. In Dickens' time, there were lots of bad employers who made people work hard for long hours and at a low wage. Dickens has created a contrast between Fezziwig and Scrooge, which us how ideally a an employer should be - just like Fezziwig.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work