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With reference to style and content, examine how the two stories you have read are typical 19th century short stories - 'The Red room' by H.G. Wells and 'The Judges House' by bram Stoker.

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With reference to style and content, examine how the two stories you have read are typical 19th century short stories Using reference to style and content I will explain how and why these two short stories are typical 19th century stories. The two short stories that we have read, ' The Red Room' by H.G. Wells and 'The Judges House' by Bram Stoker, are heavily concerned with the supernatural world, with people in the Victorian era preoccupied with ghosts. When Darwin wrote his book 'The Origin of Species' this hugely questioned Christian beliefs. People were no longer sure of religion, and became very superstitious, with Ghost stories became very popular. They had always thought god came first; now science was starting to take over. In the 19th century people were unsure about what was real in the world. The Victorians did not know what to believe about in their world and spirituality. The Victorians liked supernatural stories and short stories were very popular as most people were working so these stories could be read easily and quickly. There were a lot of supernatural stories around this time, and we saw the rise in prominence of the gothic story. A gothic story is a type of romantic fiction that predominated in English Literature in the last third of the 18th century and the first two decades of the 19th century. ...read more.


In 'The Judge's House' the atmosphere switches between a dark atmosphere and a friendly atmosphere. The rats come out and night when it is dark while when the student goes around in the day the atmosphere is friendly until he is studying and the rat returns. The tension is built up in the story by the many appearances of the large rat. The student gets a lot of warnings from people in the town, which also helps to build up the atmosphere and tension, as it seems that everyone knows that there is something in the house, apart from the student who ignores all of these warnings. The light symbolizes the truth in the Red Room. Without light, there is no truth. If the light goes out he has no way of finding out what is in the red room. The darkness creates the tension and fear. In light, we can see but when it is dark we cannot see and therefore tension and fear is everywhere. When the man says that the shadows take another step towards him, he is saying that fiction is closing in on him and as it does, he is been drawn away from the truth. Language plays an important part and changes with characters. The old people have an old English vocabulary, whereas the young man is given a very upper class and stylish vocabulary. ...read more.


Some other things that I picked up on include the face that the main characters (the protagonists) are men, and with men being higher up in society than women in the Victorian era, it is another reason why they are typical 19th century stories. Also, the structure is very similar in both of the stories. They both start with a warning to the protagonist from a peripheral character, which is ignored. As the story goes on, there is a gradual release of clues, and there is an increase in suspense, ending with an abrupt ending. To end, I would just like to point out that both writers did very well in creating and sustaining tension, among other things. One of the first things that came to mind was this the title. The title "The Red Room" immediately attracts the reader's attention; it is symbolic but leaves unanswered questions. "What is the red room?" "Why is it red?" We associate red with fear and danger. Is this room dangerous? Overall, the title raises so much curiosity that it has an overwhelming effect, wanting us to read on and find answers to our questions. O, and we did read on and yes we did find all the answers to our questions. All of these factors explain why both of the stories are typical 19th century short stories. 19th Century stories generally all had morals to them, and the morals of these stories is listen to people's advice, and be afraid, very afraid! Josh Levy ...read more.

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