• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World War One Poetry

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and contrast the purpose and style of Wilfred Owen's First World War poetry with the purpose and style of contemporary recruitment poems. The Ballad of Peace and War- Wilfred Owen Dulce et Decorum Est- Wilfred Owen Anthem for Doomed Youth- Wilfred Owen Who's for the Game?- Jessie Pope Fall In- Harold Begbie "What passing bells for those who die as cattle?" Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth "Who wants a turn to himself in the show?" Jessie Pope, Who's for the Game? The First World War began in 1914, following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on the 28th of June. The heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne was shot by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb student. As retribution for this, Austria-Hungary demanded that Serbia punished those involved with the shooting. The conflict escalated as the Austro-Hungarian government deemed that Serbia had not fulfilled this demand and declared war. The major European powers had joined the war within a few weeks due to complex international alliances. Thus the original war had become the first global military conflict; the Entente or Allied powers, the British Empire, Russia, France and eventually Italy & America, against the Central powers, the Austro-Hungarian, German and Ottoman Empires. ...read more.

Middle

All of these techniques help Owen to achieve his purpose of expressing the horrors of trench warfare to the reader, thereby counteracting the effects of pro-war recruitment poetry. "Dulce et Decorum Est" was originally addressed directly to Jessie Pope, a poet and war enthusiast, who wrote poems such as "Who's for the Game?" in support of the recruitment campaign. Owen refers to Pope in the final lines of the poem as "my friend" and declares that Pope would not be so quick to encourage "children" to join the army if she had experienced life in the trenches. These lines are used by Owen to emphasise the fallacies of the recruitment campaign, which was led by those without experience of trench warfare. Jessie Pope was a well-known journalist who helped the recruitment campaign by writing war poetry for the Daily Mail and the Daily Express. Her writing reflected popular attitudes within society during the First World War and Pope herself has become infamous after Owen's reference to her in his first draft of "Dulce et Decorum Est". Pope's poem "Who's for the Game?" compares war to sport in order to achieve the purpose of recruitment poetry, which is to persuade men to join the army. ...read more.

Conclusion

This friendly style, also employed by Jessie Pope in "Who's for the Game?", is persuasive and helps to achieve Begbie's purpose because the reader is more likely to trust the content of the poetry if they feel a bond with the author. In "Fall In" each verse has a different scenario, such as in "far-off winter nights", to compare the results for those who fought in the war and those who did not. In each scenario the "lads who come back" are more successful so the plot of the poem helps achieve the poem's purpose by implying that is "Wrong" not to fight in the war. Begbie also capitalizes right and wrong in the phrase "And Right is smashed by Wrong?" to personify them and displaying the choice in a simplified manner which removes any empathy for those who do not fight, produces pro-war emotions within the reader and achieving the purpose of recruitment poetry. This also contrasts with the timeline of Owen's "Dulce et Decorum Est", which describes only one scenario, not several, heightening the tension in each verse in order to build to a climax. Owen does this to sustain both the reader's interest and their emotional involvement so his conclusion will be more effective and persuasive, expressing the harsh reality of trench warfare. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE War Poetry essays

  1. How is War Presented in Three WW1 Poems of Your Choice? Dulce Et Decorum ...

    everyone would desire to compete in, as if there is nothing to lose, yet so much to gain for taking part. The word 'rushed' indicates that war will be quick and rather simple, and it will be a mobile war, which is the opposite of what it turned out to be in reality.

  2. Comparing "Dulce et Decorum est" and "Fall in". Fall in is effective by persuading ...

    this suggests that in the future when your are old and sitting by the fire place you will be comforted by the memories of fighting bravely during the war. The image in the poem of England does not seem to be realistic because it does not include any negative things.

  1. Dickinson's BECAUSE I COULD NOT STOP FOR DEATH

    There is no way we can see, as he does, Emily Dickinson reading a kind of sermon "like some Christian Blessed Damozel from New England." Nor can we take to the letter that the poem's ideology makes it "a work of Christian consolation" (129).

  2. 'Compare a selection of WW1 poetry to show how different aspects of the war ...

    the blood Came gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Obscene a cancer, bitter as the cud' Wilfred Owen has a certain style in his poem 'Dulce et decorum est'. In his first stanza he uses a slow pace to emphasize how long the war was to them and how exhausted they were from the war.

  1. Explore the way Wilfred Owen and Sebastian Faulks present the physical and mental suffering ...

    It was his brother". Faulks often writes about physical injuries sustained with such an obvious style but apart from in 'Dulcé et decorum est' Owen tends not to. This could be because Owen had actually seen such horrific scenes and had become less sensitive to them.

  2. Explore how Owen, McRae and Brooke present the physical and mental horrors of war.

    "What passing bells for those who die as cattle?" Is asking who will be the ones to mourn these people, and what reward they will get for the ultimate sacrifice that they are making. Owen answers the question extremely sharply, deriding the attitudes of the time towards the war with

  1. Comparing Poets' Attitudes to Conflict in Mametz Wood by Owen Sheers and Futility by ...

    Memories in horror of finding the bodies of the dead soldiers who died from the war are presented in âMametz Woodâ, this is shown in line 2 âthe wasted young, turning up under their plough blades,â The word âwastedâ suggests that the soldiers shouldnât have died and this shows a

  2. War Poetry Essays - "Out of the Blue", "Poppies" and "Futility".

    son and it saddens her because she wished that he would be back home with her where she isn't worried about him so much. Futility In my opinion, the main emotions in Futility are anger and sadness. The first stanza focuses on sadness and the anger is the main emotion in the second stanza.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work