• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Write a critical appreciation of the "Requiem" To what extent does this passage reflect the tone, style and concerns of the play as a whole?

Extracts from this document...


Miller: AS Level Coursework Write a critical appreciation of the "Requiem" To what extent does this passage reflect the tone, style and concerns of the play as a whole? In your answer you should: * Respond with understanding to the text's genre and period (AO2i) * Analyse and evaluate Miller's choices of form, structure and language to express meaning (AO3) At the opening of this scene the tone is sombre, filled with sadness, anger, frustration with even an underlying sense of relief. While all these feelings are present throughout the play they are intensified here, filtering from the characters into the audience, creating a real sense of tragedy and loss. A vivid empathy is formed as we associate with Willy's family member's individual reactions to the "Death of a Salesman". This scene is in a way a crossroads in the lives of Biff, Happy, Linda and Charley. They have had to cope and come to terms with the death of a loved one, what they learn from it and how they choose to live their lives after it is what makes the play relevant eternally. There are few stage directions, leaving the audience to concentrate more on the language, which in itself provides the real drama. ...read more.


During the course of the play we can see his epiphany from believing himself to being a "big shot" to the realisation that he's a "dime a dozen". In a way one might see this as giving up, yet he has learnt from his father that blowing yourself full of hot air and telling lies doesn't get you anywhere. "I know who I am, kid." He is therefore accepting defeat, at least in the profession as a businessman, now he too is free and can escape to the west and become the "ageing cowboy" he always wanted to be without the disapproval and criticism from Willy. Through Biff, as at other stages in the play Miller highlights in the Requiem how Willy's dreams were "All, all, wrong.". Yet the audience is left wondering how Biff will fund his purer form of the "American dream" which now in its corrupt stage centralises around money, and will Biff ever find happiness? Happy is Willy's dream regenerated, enveloped in the unavailing desire to "show some of those pompous, self-important executives that Hap Loman can make the grade" and prove that "Willy Loman did not die in vain". The harsh reality that Happy refuses to see, but which is blatantly obvious to the audience is that Willy did die in vain and that he himself will never make the grade. ...read more.


Miller also uses the flute to represent Willys father wholm he never knew, a flute salesman, perhaps the seller of dreams. The Requiem brings together the themes presented in the play, it is the finale in the plot, Willys death is essential in order to stress the concepts Miller makes throughout, those of relationships, business, memory playing a major role and our dependence on society. Miller does not directly criticise American culture or politics yet injects enough evidence of failure so that the audience is left to make up their own mind. For although Willy Loman had the "wrong dreams" the right dreams are never stated, proving Miller dies not claim to have all the answers. Structuring the play cleverly and successfully, combining and merging the past and present, Miller lets us experience one day and one night in the head of a tortured man, who is "tired to the death", and shows us how we become products of our past. This final scene is only written in the present tense, showing the audience that Willy's mind has eventually come to rest. The Requiem concludes the play in a dismal and hopeless tone, reinforcing that the play is an everyday tragedy, that although Willy Loman is dead, his murderer exists and thrives in today's society and in some way in each of us. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Arthur Miller essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Death Of A Salesman (Charly Passage Analysis)

    3 star(s)

    'You see what I'm talking about?' The greatest things can happen.' Willy tells his boys that if success can happen for Ben then it can happen for all of them. However, Ben contradicts Willy and the American Dream. Success came for Ben in Africa not America.

  2. To what extent do you consider Willy Loman a tragic hero?

    by a critic From Midsummer Magazine, "a common man, victimized by his own fake values and those of modern America," In saying this Loman has lost no respect and the blame lies on society at time, as this is where we as humans instinctively gain our values; thus keeping him from being a 'Low-man' in our eyes.

  1. Discuss the Importance of Dreams in "Death of a Salesman"

    that symbolised the 'great times' of Biff and Happy's childhood, and the jungle where Ben made his fortune. This shows that Willy's loss of his job means to him that both the good times and the land of opportunity are gone, and he can never get them back.

  2. What assigned role does Biff play in the Loman family? What roles are played ...

    This was an idea thought by the philosopher, Frederick Nietiche, who believed in a race of "ubermensch" or "supermen" these special people were somehow above the rest of society and should not be made to conform to the restraints of society's norms and codes of conduct as their potential would be subdued.

  1. Explore the implications of Beatrice's words and say to what extent you agree with ...

    somethin' else, Eddie, and you can never have her!" She also feels that Eddie isn't acting like her husband any more, the physical, sexual part of the Carbones' marriage has broken down and, despite that she had challenged Eddie over this, she was unable to make him face why this might be, let alone make him admit his weakness to himself, and she remains powerless as a result.

  2. "Death of a Salesman" written by Arthur Miller in 1948 attempts to give the ...

    Willy throughout the play, uses a very simplistic colloquial English. This causes the audience to see him as the "every man" allowing them to further associate with him. One feature of his language that often draws attention to itself is his constant use of clich�s: "That is a one-million-dollar idea!"

  1. Death of salesman- The Requiem. Explore the ways in which Miller makes this a ...

    From the beginning to the end of "Death of a salesman", Happy doesn't change at all, he is a copy of Willy Loman. All his life, he always is a shadow from his brother and struggling to get some attentions from Willy by being a salesman like him but still, reason for Willy's death is the insurance money for Biff.

  2. Death of a Salesman. In this passage, in Act I, Linda, Biff and Happy ...

    Biff ?evasively? avoids this question, perhaps showing that he does not want to see the truth of his father?s pitiful condition. Biff?s lack of respect for his father and his violent actions portray Willy as a victim, and makes this moment immensely moving for the audience.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work