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A study of street/shop quality and pedestrian activity in Halifax.

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Title Page page 1 Contents and references page 2 Location of Halifax page 3 Introduction page 4 Collection of Data page 8 Presentation of Data page 13 Evaluation page 20 The following sources were used in the making of this project www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebytesize www.s-cool.co.uk Understanding GCSE Geography The Wider Worlds Urban Morphology Two main models are used to show the land use in more economically developed countries such as England, they are both shown below. 1. CBD - The central business district is the commercial centre of the city. There are usually no houses here because the land values are too high. Buildings are tall and packed together to avoid huge land costs. 2. Factories / Industry - This area is filled with poorer quality housing and run down factories. In some areas the inner city as the section is known has been renovated by the local council and can be a desirable place to live. 3. Working Class Housing - Often this area is terraced housing and poorer people live here. 4. Middle Class Housing - Often estates of detached or semi-detached houses. 5. Commuter Zone / High Class Housing - Often people live in villages on the outskirts of the city and travel to work from here. High class housing can also be found in this area. The Central Business District (CBD) The CBD is the area with the highest land price, which is only affordable to businesses. Industry is located around this in the zone of transition. In many cities, such as London's docklands before the council gave it a grant, this area is empty and in need of renewal. ...read more.


the following categories: amount of litter, the shop type, safety for pedestrians, the amount of vacant lots and the appearance of the shops. These five categories were chosen because they were deemed to be the most important factors to take into account when considering the shop and street quality. 32 points were chosen because the points covered the CBD thoroughly and gave large number of results from which to draw conclusions After travelling by foot to the CBD the survey began at 10am and lasted until 3:15pm. The only problem encountered was that some streets contained very few shops and so shop appearance/shop quality was very hard to judge. There were no streets however that did not contain any shops. The data collected was recorded on a table like the one below. The average mark was found and recorded on the booking sheet as a rating. Point Litter Shop Type Safety Vacant Appearance Rating 1 5 4 2 4 4 3.8 2 4 2 3 4 3 3.2 3 3 4 4 3 2 3.2 4 4 1 5 2 2 2.8 5 5 3 4 5 1 3.6 6 2 1 3 3 1 2 7 4 2 5 4 1 3.2 The score allocation was as follows Litter 1. No Bins, Much Litter 5. Many Bins, No Litter, Road Sweeper Shop Type 1. Low Order Convenience Stores 3. Specialist Stores 5. High Order Chain Stores Safety 1. Busy Main Road 3. Not Busy, No Pelican 5. Precinct Vacant 1. Many Vacant 3. ...read more.


The only problem encountered was that some streets contained very few shops and so shop appearance/shop quality was very hard to judge. There were no streets however that did not contain any shops. Enough points (25 points) were studied however it would have been better if more categories had been chosen for example number of floor i.e. shops nearer to the PLVI would have more floors because of the land values and because they are bigger and better shops so can afford more than one floor. That is what would be done if the survey was repeated. The results are accurate because each point was studied in enough detail and a mark given and considerable thought. The raw data supports the predictions and there aren't any results that don't support the theory. The results provide enough evidence to reach the following conclusion, The shops built in the area near to the PLVI are richer shops and so can afford to make their shop fronts more presentable. The quality of shops is higher near to the PLVI because the low grade specialist shops can't afford the land values and so department stores, who can afford the land values, are built near the PLVI. The larger amounts of people mean more litter bins and so a decrease in litter will be seen near to the PLVI. There are be less vacant lots because the lots nearer to the PLVI are in higher demand and so it is unlikely for the area to be vacant. Therefore shop/street quality decreases with distance away from the PLVI. ...read more.

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