• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9

Antartica Report - Mawson Research Station

Extracts from this document...


Introduction: On a crisps summer morning the beauty of Antarctica is on show for all to see. The pure white snow, which tops the jagged rocks of the continents harsh exterior adds a layer of calm and comfort. While the magical shapes and colours myriad icebergs complete a sense of tranquility. Sparkling waters dance under an Asher blue sky and the region is alive and welcoming. This is Antarctica as it should be. This is Antarctica as is it is now. But it may not be the Antarctica we share tomorrow. Antarctica. Commonly mistook for a snowy wonderland, is the coldest region on the planet. The very little land that it consists of is over layered with masses of ice and snow up to a mile thick. It consists of 90% of the entire planets ice and 70% of the worlds fresh water is held in that ice. Antarctica South of Australia 7,014km from the nearest bay on Australia. It located south of the equator on the coldest, driest region on Earth. The Australian Antarctic Territory was claimed by the United Kingdom in 1993 and was placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia that same year. The AAT is the largest territory claimed by a nation on Antarctica. In 1980 there was an argument in Australia arguing over whether to allow mining on Antarctica. Antarctica is very dear with minerals. It is hoped to be mined for silver, gold, cobalt, copper, chromium, iron, molybdenum, manganese, nickel, lead, titanium, uranium and zinc. ...read more.


It slowly has become the most catastrophic global problem. Pollution is the main cause of global warming and if something it not done about it soon the effects of it will take a toll on Antarctica?s wild life. Oil spills are becoming more and more common in Antarctica?s waters. The cause of more oil spills is simple, the increasing of shipping activity. There isn?t really an easy way to prevent oil spills. If there was a way it would have to be to leave the oil in the ground in the first place, which is most likely not going to happen. If an easier solution is not thought of the ozone layer in Antarctica will become more an more unstable to support life. Mawson Station: Mawson Station is one of many research stations. It has been built on a rock formation on the edge of the Antarctic plateau. Mawson station is managed and was built buy the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD). It was named after Sir Douglas Mawson, Antarctic explorer.?It is Australia?s first continental station and the longest continuously operating station south of the Antarctic Circle.? (Antarctica.gov.au 2011, Mawson Station). Antarctica is approximately 7,014 kilometers from Australia. It would take roughly 8 hours and 43 minutes on a plane to travel from Australia to Antarctica if traveling at 500mph. The nearest city in Australia to Antarctica. The closest large city (200,000 or more) is Hobart. It is 3,575 miles or 5,754 kilometers from Antarctica. There are many permanent research stations. In fact there are 23 permanent stations, though one is shared by both Italy and France. ...read more.


Behavioral Adaptions: The Emperor penguin crowds together with other Emperor penguins to keep warm. They form one huge pack and take turns standing on the outside and in the middle. Because otherwise only the penguins in the middle would survive while the others are blown away and frozen by the wind. The Emperor penguins breed during Winter so the chicks are large enough to become independent during the summer abundance of food. Physical adaptions Emperor penguins have four layers of scale-like feathers. This forms a good protection from wind. Emperor penguins also have a thick layer of fat. These layers of fat act as insulation keeping the penguin warm. Conclusion: Antarctica is a unique place because there is no other place like it on Earth. It is very peaceful and cut off from the rest of the world. One day lasts half a year and the night lasts the other half. Some of the rarest endangered species accept Antarctica as their home. However there are no land animals: mammals, reptiles and amphibians. There are several species of penguins, fish, birds, seals, squid and whales in Antarctica that can be found no where else in the world. This magical, mythical island has been free from man?s destructiveness until now. Over the last few years the planet is becoming more and more polluted and global warming is taking a toll on the innocent land of Antarctica. If we do not act now it may be to late to save Antarctica and it will perish. The Antarctic species numbers already are slowly diminishing. Most of the animals in Antarctica now are endangered because we don?t act. We need to stop global warming before it stops us. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Speech on the Development of Antarctica

    Environmentally friendly tourism provides money for conservation projects. Internationally agreed guidelines reduce the effects that tourist have e.g. tourists have to take their rubbish with them Military Military should be developed because no one lives there it would be an ideal place to test new weapons & nuclear bombs The

  2. The Truth about Climate Change

    According to the scientists and their scenarios, the Earth's average temperature will rise by 1.1�C to 6.4�C by 2100. Look at this graph, taken from the IPCC, indicating how the Earth's surface temperature has increased since the 19th century: The effects of Global Warming/Climate Change There are many, many effects

  1. Should the coast between Overstrand and Sheringham be protected at any cost, or should ...

    At Sheringham, Overstrand Beach and Overstrand (Clifton Way) the schemes are effective and successful, but at West Runton the coastal protection schemes were not working. How effective are they in helping to maintain the local industry? Much of the local industry is primary and chart five shows that the coastal protection schemes have affected local industries.

  2. Holiday Report

    The prices of the stay at the hotel ranges from roughly �1250 to �1650. The prices peak in the school term holidays and in the July and August months when the weather is at its best. As far as price is concerned it would be better to go in an off peak time such as May time.

  1. Plannng an expedition to an extreme environment.Svalbard. Glaciers as an attraction and under threat.

    They can also do some sporting activities such as camping and sledge riding. Furthermore they can compare the difference between places which are affected by glacier retreated and see how much ice have melted. They might find it interesting because they can see how the climate is changing and some responsibilities are down to human.

  2. Sydney to the southern highlands

    Hume Highway bypassed the town - however, this in fact has only added to the popularity of Berrima as a stop over place and as a residential area for many people The Cattle Sale Yards This section of the report will explore cattle sale yards in the Southern Highlands (Specifically the Moss Vale Saleyard)

  1. Physical Geography Earth revision notes

    * In December 2007 the reserve opened its improved footpath around Moses Dock . This work forms part of an ongoing programme of safety and access improvements around the whole of the nature reserve that will be of great benefit to walkers and all users of these routes , including families and wheel chair users .

  2. Earthquakes and volcanoes research

    1 per 20 years Meteoric 10.0+ Never recorded; Unknown Mercalli scale Mercalli scales measures the amount of damage that is created by an earthquake. Modified Mercalli Scale 1 - Detected only by instruments 2 - Slight vibrations, hardly noticed 3 - Slight vibrations, noticed by people not moving 4 -

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work