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Australia's population

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Introduction

Dear Mr. Turnbull Views about the ideal future size of Australia's population vary significantly. Some economists and politicians believe that Australia could support a population of 25-30 million. They argue that population growth will result in resource creation and economic growth and that technology will be able to overcome the environmental problems created by any increase in population. In contrast, some scientists and ecologists argue that a population closer to 8-10 million would be more ecologically sustainable. They believe that population growth will only worsen the problems of resource depletion, water availability and quality, land degradation, pollution and habitat loss. Australia has little chance of altering its population growth rate by natural means (that is, changes in birth and death rates) in the near future, but it can decide on the number of immigrants allowed to enter the country. Without an immigration intake Australia's population would grow very slowly and may even start to decline. Economists argue that this would limit Australia's economic potential and result in a decline in living standards. ...read more.

Middle

These include: Accommodating a growing population without contributing to Low-density urban sprawl and the loss of the physical environment This involves: Providing the infrastructure (such as roads; public transport; Sewage treatment facilities; water storage, treatment and Distribution systems; hospitals; and schools) required by an Expanding population Managing traffic congestion Minimizing air and water pollution Meeting the social and recreational needs of people Promoting employment-generating economic activities. In this section of the text we focus on Sydney's ability to cope With population growth and the movement of people to Communities within a few hours' drive of Sydney. The capacity of Sydney to accommodate the projected growth in its population is a controversial issue. Government policies have aimed to encourage higher urban densities in both new and existing areas of Sydney: a process known as urban consolidation . This includes the construction of multiunit housing developments (apartments, townhouses, villas and duplex dwellings) in areas with good access to public transport. The focus on higher residential densities has led to community concern about the potential for 'overdevelopment' of established suburbs as well as concerns regarding the design of the multi-unit developments. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means that there will be fewer people working to pay taxes that will enable governments to provide services for the population, especially the elderly. More nursing homes, hospitals and other medical resources will be required as well as financial support, such as the age pension. One possible solution to this issue may be to encourage workers to delay their retirement. Overall I believe Demography is the future.' The future size of the Australian population remains the subject of much debate. There are those who see population growth as being central to Australia's future economic well-being, its status as a middle-ranking world power and perhaps even its national security. Others believe that Australia cannot sustain a large population. They cite its fragile environment and scarcity of water as factors that limit its capacity to support a large population. Any future growth will impact heavily on Sydney, the nation's largest urban centre. Managing this growth will require careful planning as will the ageing of the Australian population. If you stick to my ideas pointed out above, you and your government will not have to attend to any of these management strategies. Sincerely yours Costa Voulgarakis ...read more.

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