• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Australia's population

Extracts from this document...


Dear Mr. Turnbull Views about the ideal future size of Australia's population vary significantly. Some economists and politicians believe that Australia could support a population of 25-30 million. They argue that population growth will result in resource creation and economic growth and that technology will be able to overcome the environmental problems created by any increase in population. In contrast, some scientists and ecologists argue that a population closer to 8-10 million would be more ecologically sustainable. They believe that population growth will only worsen the problems of resource depletion, water availability and quality, land degradation, pollution and habitat loss. Australia has little chance of altering its population growth rate by natural means (that is, changes in birth and death rates) in the near future, but it can decide on the number of immigrants allowed to enter the country. Without an immigration intake Australia's population would grow very slowly and may even start to decline. Economists argue that this would limit Australia's economic potential and result in a decline in living standards. ...read more.


These include: Accommodating a growing population without contributing to Low-density urban sprawl and the loss of the physical environment This involves: Providing the infrastructure (such as roads; public transport; Sewage treatment facilities; water storage, treatment and Distribution systems; hospitals; and schools) required by an Expanding population Managing traffic congestion Minimizing air and water pollution Meeting the social and recreational needs of people Promoting employment-generating economic activities. In this section of the text we focus on Sydney's ability to cope With population growth and the movement of people to Communities within a few hours' drive of Sydney. The capacity of Sydney to accommodate the projected growth in its population is a controversial issue. Government policies have aimed to encourage higher urban densities in both new and existing areas of Sydney: a process known as urban consolidation . This includes the construction of multiunit housing developments (apartments, townhouses, villas and duplex dwellings) in areas with good access to public transport. The focus on higher residential densities has led to community concern about the potential for 'overdevelopment' of established suburbs as well as concerns regarding the design of the multi-unit developments. ...read more.


This means that there will be fewer people working to pay taxes that will enable governments to provide services for the population, especially the elderly. More nursing homes, hospitals and other medical resources will be required as well as financial support, such as the age pension. One possible solution to this issue may be to encourage workers to delay their retirement. Overall I believe Demography is the future.' The future size of the Australian population remains the subject of much debate. There are those who see population growth as being central to Australia's future economic well-being, its status as a middle-ranking world power and perhaps even its national security. Others believe that Australia cannot sustain a large population. They cite its fragile environment and scarcity of water as factors that limit its capacity to support a large population. Any future growth will impact heavily on Sydney, the nation's largest urban centre. Managing this growth will require careful planning as will the ageing of the Australian population. If you stick to my ideas pointed out above, you and your government will not have to attend to any of these management strategies. Sincerely yours Costa Voulgarakis ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. World Resources - scarcity and conflict. Views on the future.

    alter their lifestyle and take certain measures to delay the world's resources running out such as turning their computers off at night. Optimists also believe because of advanced technology and science, we can discover more and more alternative fuels, optimists believe that people would use alternative energy sources as it is cheap and therefore more economical.

  2. Farming Systems

    a plant engineering programme where new strains of crops were produced to increase yields- in LEDCs- to feed people and improve living standards * Yields were increased in these ways: o Dwarf varieties can be grown closer together without blocking sunlight and are less at risk to wind damage because they're shorter o High Yielding Varieties (HYVs)

  1. Sandymouth population study

    Here are the results: Date - Wednesday 3rd August. Time - 2.30pm-2.45pm Weather - Hot and Sunny Bicycles Motorbikes Cars Light vans and Minibuses Coaches and Heavy vehicles In Out In Out In Out In Out In Out 2 1 0 0 11 10 2 2 0 0 Date - Saturday 20th August.

  2. Case Studies - Population, Settlement, Industry and Environment

    although the earthquake meant they didn't act Japan has a fertility rate of 1.4, which is below the replacement level, so there are more elderly than there are children Increase in demand for tailored housing like old people homes, so construction industry will be boosted Resources are moving towards the

  1. How Multiculturalism Started in Australia.

    We are different but there is nothing wrong or threatening in that difference. We are all seeking a better life for ourselves and future generations and there is no place for an ?us and then? mentality in our society, today or in the future.

  2. Water Resource Management Challenges In the Republic of Niger And Indiana of the United ...

    Per capita availability is the highest in the world. There are still some measures for saving water resource in America. American realized how water resources precious. Also, Americans have ability to manage water resource using effectively. However, not all fortunate conditions are in America.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work