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Cambridge and Ilford.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CAMBRIDGE AND ILFORD CONTENTS Introduction: 2 Environmental Quality: 5 Questionnaire: 10 Journey By Punt: 13 Land Use Survey: 17 Transect Diagram: 22 Ilford research: 24 Comparison: 29 Conclusion: 34 Evaluation: 36 Introduction Hypothesis: Not all city and town centres are the same. The aim of this piece of coursework is to test the hypothesis. This piece of coursework will do this by looking at the environmental quality of six different areas, completing a questionnaire to see who uses the Central Business District (CBD) in Cambridge and also a land use survey. Also a transect diagram will be drawn up to see what the main function is of two streets in Cambridge. There are three questions, which will be answered by the coursework. These are: 1. What is Central Cambridge like? 2. How is Cambridge similar to Central Ilford? 3. How is Cambridge different to Central Ilford? The information that will be collected is going to be analysed, compared between areas, a conclusion will be drawn up, and then the entire coursework will be evaluated. Cambridge is located in the county of Cambridgeshire and is built around the River Cam. It is famous for its colleges. Ilford is located in the south east of England in the county of Essex and in the borough of Redbridge. Environmental Quality - Chapter 1 The aim of this chapter is to see whether the environmental quality across different areas in central Cambridge varies and to see what central Cambridge is overall. The survey focuses on six different areas across the urban area. They are: * East Road * Grafton Centre * Parkers Piece * St. Andrews Street * Sidney Street * The Backs (River Cam) Each area has been given a score from 1 to 5 on different environmental aspects, One being the worst and five being the best. There are ten different aspects, which the survey focuses on and they include air quality, appearance of buildings, litter, dirt and graffiti, Noise level, personal space, traffic, pedestrians separated from traffic, cyclists separated from traffic, stress level and plants, trees and open space. ...read more.

Middle

Results: CAMBRIDGE CBD No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 TOTAL Amount 0 0 0 15 10 0 28 4 12 1 70 GRAFTON CENTRE No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 TOTAL Amount 0 2 0 6 6 1 53 0 1 2 7 1 The land use in both areas is very similar. The first class of land use is industry (number 1) and there are no areas in the Central Business District and the Grafton Centre that are industrial. This is because industrial areas tend to be in the outer city where generally the land is much cheaper and more suitable for this purpose. The CBD had no empty blocks of land (number 2). This was because all the shops were in high competition for this area as it attracts most people. The Grafton Centre had two empty blocks; this may have been because they were on sale. In both areas there are no convenience shops. These types of shops are usually located in the residential areas where customers only visit for convenience reasons such as buying the newspaper or milk. They sell low order goods which people are unlikely to travel far for. Also there was evidence of these types of shops in the outskirts (St. Andrews Street). Examples of convenience shops are Newsagents and butchers. There are quite a few specialist shops in the area that sell high-order goods which people are likely to travel far for. There are lots of food and entertainment facilities, as many people whom work in the CBD would have used them to eat. Also tourists would have used them during lunchtime and there were a wide variety of them. Specialist shops include shops such as sports stores and chemists. There are fast food, pubs, and exotic restaurants that lead to the River Cam. Also in the Grafton Centre there were many food places as people who go there can do all their shopping in one place and also have a meal whilst they shop. ...read more.

Conclusion

In spite of this, from studying Cambridge and Ilford, it has become obvious that there are many similarities between city and town centres. The environments in both areas were basically the same and they both varied across the urban area. There were also some places in both areas that scored high and low. The outcome of the surveys may have been different if the surveys had been conducted in other areas. They depended on the users of the land and the functions of the CBD. The users may have been different if the survey was conducted during school time and not lunchtime when people are looking for a place to eat. The overall answer to the piece f coursework is that not all city and town centres are the same. There are similarities and differences but they are never the same. Evaluation I found this piece of coursework interesting because of the various surveys that we undertook. Some parts were easy because we had to give the environment a score from 1 to 5, and this was very interesting. Whilst I was conducting the questionnaire, the people were very busy and they were trying to get around quickly. If they had stopped and answered the questionnaire I could have had better results. The best part of this coursework was the land use survey because we had to measure the frontage of the shops and it was fascinating. I found the environmental quality survey difficult at times because the areas surveyed were very hard to judge under the given aspects. If I had more time I would have improved the environmental quality survey to get a better understanding of what Cambridge and Ilford are like. I could do this by looking into the environment more carefully. I also could have surveyed more places. Overall I found the coursework very interesting as I had the chance to see what Cambridge was like and I also got the chance to compare it to where I live. This has given me a better understanding of town centres. Yahya Khan 1 ...read more.

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