• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Case study of Bangladesh and Boscastle Floods.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Boscastle Bangladesh 1. The flood occurred on Monday, 16 August 2004 in the villages of Boscastle in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village suffered extensive damage after flash floods caused by an exceptional amount of rain that fell over eight hours that afternoon. At midday on the 16th August 2004, heavy thundery showers had developed across the South West; these were the remnants of Hurricane Alex (2004) which had crossed the Atlantic. The flood in Boscastle was filmed and extensively reported. The floods were the worst in local memory. A study commissioned by the Environment Agency from a hydraulics consulting firm concluded that it was among the most extreme ever experienced in Britain. 1. The flood occurred during late July, August and September of 2004 and was widespread across Bangladesh. Although flooding is common, the 204 was exceptional bad with increased loss of live and livelihood. Bangladesh suffered extensive damage and approximately 38% of the country was submerged in flood water at some point Boscastle and Bangladesh Floods 2004 Causes Boscastle Bangladesh 1. 75mm of rain fell in just 2 hours in the village 2. The village lies in a steep valley which speeded up overland flow of rainwater 3. The village lies at the confluence of two rivers 4. The natural channel had been walled so the river couldnât adjust to the sudden increase in water 5. ...read more.

Middle

11. 5000 shelters opened to accommodate the homeless. 12. 25,000 schools were damaged. The undamaged ones were used as emergency shelter and doctors set up clinics in the back of trucks. 13. Loss of export earnings from factories. Long Term Impacts Boscastle Bangladesh 1. Floodwater damaged a great deal of properties. Possessions were lost, river water and burst sewage mains spoiled the ground floor of many houses & thousands of pounds worth of damage was done. 2. Repairs had to be made after the damage. This was very time consuming & costly. Some buildings were beyond repair & their owners have had to consider rebuilding from scratch. 3. The damage not only affected the residents, but also insurance companies. It is likely that home insurance will be much costlier in Boscastle from now on. 1. Boscastle's main industry is tourism. The town was effectively closed to tourists after the flood, causing a massive loss of revenue. Tourist attractions such as the witchcraft museum were lost and tourists next season will be wary of visiting the town in case the floods are repeated. Boscastle may never recover its tourist industry fully & many small businesses could go out of business as a result. 90% of Boscastle economy is tourism, the floods caused major loss of tourism. 21 accommodation providers had to close down. ...read more.

Conclusion

5. 2008: Work on rebuilding the culvert next to the petrol station completed as well as a culvert in Dunn Street. The harbour was resurfaced and the Old Lower Bridge was demolished, and the new Lower Bridge was brought into use. 1. Self help schemes were put in place, such as growing pumpking on ground thought to be infertile, âSuperducksâ, Site and service and core housing. 2. WaterAid repaired tubewells, constructed mobile latrines and gave house to house counselling to families. 3. Charities continued donating money and continued their work with distributing supplies, improving living conditions and treating disease 4. Australia donated food supplies, consequently been the largest food aid donor to Bangladesh with the total worth contribution to over $27.6 million 5. With aid and government funding infrastructure was rebuilt along with some roads. All traces of sewage were removed from the capital city. 6. Flood shelters and early-warning systems have been successfully put in place. 7. Small scaled community projects have been put in place resulting in lives been saved 8. Following the floods, additional financial aid was granted for a period of 5 years. This was mainly in the form of a loan from the World Bank, to pay for, in the first instance, repairs to infrastructure, water resource management, health care and education. 9. Disaster-preparedness is a key priority for the future. This includes flood management and improved water resources. It is also planned that, in future, flood-resistant designs should be used in all social and economical infrastructure projects. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Floods of 1998 in Bangladesh and Shrewsbury

    But the 1998 flood continued for more than 65 days and affected 1,00,000sq.km.areas and destroyed basic infrastructures like roads, bridges, houses, standing crops of the fields, killed birds, animal and cattle heads and 918 humen death. III LONG TERM PLAN: About the long term programme to face the recurrent

  2. To what extent Rothbury fits a model of tourist honeypot

    Both these opinions agree with the evidence that I gained from my other surveys like litter and car park, that Rothbury is busy most of the time. Overall, after seeing all the data I collected, I concluded that Rothbury is a tourist honeypot but in its embryonic stages.

  1. Boscastle Case Study

    Because of this, it meant that people were of risk of developing hypothermia, or being swept away by the flood waters. The dangers of developing hypothermia, shock and being swept away were very high. An estimated amount of 150 people had to be rescued from rooftops, cars or even trees.

  2. Geography - Ivestigation of the River Colne, Buckinghamshire

    My methods did have some limitations. Firstly, the fact that I had to take some of my readings from bridges due to the depth of the river. To keep my data collection techniques constant, I had to take every reading from a bridge, not just one or two, and that

  1. A study to identify the valley features of the River Derwent, and how the ...

    The further a river is from the source less vertical erosion occurs and more lateral erosion occurs. This means that in the lower course the river's energy is focused on eroding and cutting into the riverbanks. Because of eroding laterally into the banks, the river widens.

  2. Causes and Consequences of the Boscastle floods

    15.30 River Valency begins to break its banks Cars swept away Cars were swept out to sea, bridges were washed away and people clung to rooftops and trees for safety as torrential rain hit the area. Emergency workers mounted a huge operation to rescue residents and holidaymakers along a 32-km (20-mile)

  1. Free essay

    Exploitation and management of resources

    Most of Israel's sewage is purified and reused to irrigate 20,000 hectares of farm land. The Dan Region wastewater project is planned to help Israel face the water shortage issue. This reclamation project reclaims sewage from the Tel Aviv conurbation and treats it so that it is safe for agricultural

  2. Flooding in Bangladesh

    When all three increase at the same time it is very dangerous as at the confluence there will be a huge amount of water, consequently if other factors have happened then the river could overflow and become a flood. Tropical Cyclones are areas of intensive low pressure known locally as hurricanes or typhoons.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work