• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Case study of Bangladesh and Boscastle Floods.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Boscastle Bangladesh 1. The flood occurred on Monday, 16 August 2004 in the villages of Boscastle in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village suffered extensive damage after flash floods caused by an exceptional amount of rain that fell over eight hours that afternoon. At midday on the 16th August 2004, heavy thundery showers had developed across the South West; these were the remnants of Hurricane Alex (2004) which had crossed the Atlantic. The flood in Boscastle was filmed and extensively reported. The floods were the worst in local memory. A study commissioned by the Environment Agency from a hydraulics consulting firm concluded that it was among the most extreme ever experienced in Britain. 1. The flood occurred during late July, August and September of 2004 and was widespread across Bangladesh. Although flooding is common, the 204 was exceptional bad with increased loss of live and livelihood. Bangladesh suffered extensive damage and approximately 38% of the country was submerged in flood water at some point Boscastle and Bangladesh Floods 2004 Causes Boscastle Bangladesh 1. 75mm of rain fell in just 2 hours in the village 2. The village lies in a steep valley which speeded up overland flow of rainwater 3. The village lies at the confluence of two rivers 4. The natural channel had been walled so the river couldn?t adjust to the sudden increase in water 5. ...read more.

Middle

11. 5000 shelters opened to accommodate the homeless. 12. 25,000 schools were damaged. The undamaged ones were used as emergency shelter and doctors set up clinics in the back of trucks. 13. Loss of export earnings from factories. Long Term Impacts Boscastle Bangladesh 1. Floodwater damaged a great deal of properties. Possessions were lost, river water and burst sewage mains spoiled the ground floor of many houses & thousands of pounds worth of damage was done. 2. Repairs had to be made after the damage. This was very time consuming & costly. Some buildings were beyond repair & their owners have had to consider rebuilding from scratch. 3. The damage not only affected the residents, but also insurance companies. It is likely that home insurance will be much costlier in Boscastle from now on. 1. Boscastle's main industry is tourism. The town was effectively closed to tourists after the flood, causing a massive loss of revenue. Tourist attractions such as the witchcraft museum were lost and tourists next season will be wary of visiting the town in case the floods are repeated. Boscastle may never recover its tourist industry fully & many small businesses could go out of business as a result. 90% of Boscastle economy is tourism, the floods caused major loss of tourism. 21 accommodation providers had to close down. ...read more.

Conclusion

5. 2008: Work on rebuilding the culvert next to the petrol station completed as well as a culvert in Dunn Street. The harbour was resurfaced and the Old Lower Bridge was demolished, and the new Lower Bridge was brought into use. 1. Self help schemes were put in place, such as growing pumpking on ground thought to be infertile, ?Superducks?, Site and service and core housing. 2. WaterAid repaired tubewells, constructed mobile latrines and gave house to house counselling to families. 3. Charities continued donating money and continued their work with distributing supplies, improving living conditions and treating disease 4. Australia donated food supplies, consequently been the largest food aid donor to Bangladesh with the total worth contribution to over $27.6 million 5. With aid and government funding infrastructure was rebuilt along with some roads. All traces of sewage were removed from the capital city. 6. Flood shelters and early-warning systems have been successfully put in place. 7. Small scaled community projects have been put in place resulting in lives been saved 8. Following the floods, additional financial aid was granted for a period of 5 years. This was mainly in the form of a loan from the World Bank, to pay for, in the first instance, repairs to infrastructure, water resource management, health care and education. 9. Disaster-preparedness is a key priority for the future. This includes flood management and improved water resources. It is also planned that, in future, flood-resistant designs should be used in all social and economical infrastructure projects. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Boscastle Case Study

    Some people even were left without their own possessions including money. Also some couldn't drink the water as the drinking tap water had been affected and people could've caught dangerous diseases like cholera. It was the sewage system which had burst and therefore contaminated the drinking water.

  2. Bangladesh floods.

    Having farmland on the floodplain is an advantage for the residents/ farmers because it means they are able to grow their crops and have food. Fishing There is a large amount of fishing that takes place and this is because the dams stop the fish from migrating, so because of

  1. The Boscastle Flooding

    The hot weather can mean flash floods. When these happen, the ground is too dry and solid for the water to infiltrate. This water then runs off into the river and then causes the water level to rise. Flood plains are also potential cause for floods. This is because they are very flat and if it is

  2. Free essay

    Exploitation and management of resources

    Although in the last decade the use of oil has grown by a large amount each year, many believe that Britain's oil reserves are not much lower than they were in 199913. This is a controversial issue, with many believing the worlds oil supplies will run out from 2030-2050, but

  1. Free essay

    milton keynes case study

    I used maps to show the areas and how they are built. The term 'quality of life' defines as superior style of life. In this coursework I will compare the superior life style of Nether field (Milton Keynes) to Hayes (my home area).

  2. Discuss the flood issues in Bangladesh.

    Human Causes of the floods. The sources of the Ganges and Bramputra rivers are in the Nepal and Tibet. In recent years the population there have grown rapidly, causing the removal of vast areas of forest to provide fuel, timber and grazing land.

  1. Physical Case Studies AQA Revision notes - Ice, rivers and volcanoes.

    Diversionary spillways: overflow channels that take surplus water in times of flood e.g. the diversionary spillway into the Gulf of Mexico, which reduces flood risk at Baton Rouge and New Orleans o Cutting off meanders (channelization): makes the course straighter and shorter, so get rid of water quickly.

  2. Boscastle Flood - Info

    This is implied in the section that says, "They came not to so much to lay Michael Jackson to rest, as to ease him gently into a warm bath of adulation, hyperbole and showbiz razzle-dazzle tinged with more than a hint of religious symbolism."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work