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Casestudyon Pakistan earthquake

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Introduction

By Daniel Davies! Pakistan earthquake! On Saturday October 8th, 2005 an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 on the Richter scale struck northern Pakistan. The two regions that were hit the hardest were the Northwest Frontier Province and the Azad Kashmir Province. At the time the earthquake struck, all the children were in school. The official death toll from the quake was around 83,000 and is expected to rise as high as 100,000. More than 60% of those were children and women. More than 80,000 people were injured, many with serious, life-changing injuries. Most of the affected areas are in mountainous regions and access is impeded by landslides that have blocked the roads. An estimated 3.3 million were left homeless in Pakistan. Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz made an appeal to survivors on 26 October to come down to valleys and cities for relief. ...read more.

Middle

north northwest of Muzaffarabad. There have been more than 978 aftershocks with a magnitude of 4.0 and above, as of 27 October and these continue to occur daily. How the earthquake happened! An earthquake is a sudden shaking or vibration in the earth's crust. The crust is divided into sections, called plates, which continually move in relation to each other and are bordered by faults. When plates suddenly move past each other, the built-up strain is released along the fault, and the rock fractures. An earthquake also can be triggered by molten rock moving up into the chamber of a volcano before eruption. The Epicentre! The epicentre was located 80km (50 miles) north-east of Islamabad but was felt in the Pakistani capital and across South Asia, from Afghanistan to western Bangladesh. By 27 October, more than 1,000 aftershocks had been recorded. The World Bank described the 2005 earthquake as arguably the most debilitating natural disaster in Pakistan's history. ...read more.

Conclusion

Reports indicate that entire towns and villages were completely wiped out in Northern Pakistan with other surrounding areas also suffering severe damage The secondary effects are that after the earthquake there was a chance of a Tsunami based on magnitude alone, there is an unknown probability of a tsunami. However, this probability must be confirmed by oceanographic measurements or observations. Also the earthquake caused homes to collapse, this left civilians homeless. Because of the buildings collapsing all the people had to be moved to live in tents. Example of a badly hit area! Balakot : BEFORE AFTER One of the worst-hit areas was the town of Balakot - which was made into rubble by the earthquake. The town is on a major geological fault-line and was close to the epicentre of the quake. Other features! Since the earthquake happened charities all over the world have been set up to help Pakistan. Here are some examples: * The British red cross! * CAI - childhealth advocacy international * Global Giving * Give world ...read more.

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