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Castleton and The Peak District National Park.

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GCSE Geography Coursework - Castleton Introduction Castleton is a small village founded in 1198 and is the only place in the world where the semi-precious stone, Blue John, is found. The Garland Ceremony takes place each year on the 29th May and dates back to an ancient green man ceremony. One of the highlights of the year are the Castleton Christmas Festivities when the village is full with lights, shops and people and famous show caverns are open till late. Castleton is located within The Peak District National Park and is located around 20 miles away from Sheffield. The Peak District National Park The Peak National Park became the first British National Park in 1951. Covering nearly 1438 square kilometres (555 square miles) it contains beautiful and often wild countryside from the high (636m) moor lands in the north, to the green farmland in the south. The majority of the National Park is in private ownership and most of it is farmed. The earliest travellers to the Peak District did not appreciate the natural landscape of mountain and moor land. Travelling in 1725, Daniel Defoe described the moors above Chatsworth as "a waste and a howling wilderness". Gradually the taste for wild scenery grew. Ruskin enjoyed the "clefts, glens and dingles of the Peakland dales" just as modern visitors do. The Peak District National Park is now one of the most visited areas in the world. There are up to 30 million visits to the Peak District National Park each year - only Mount Fuji National Park in Japan has more visits! Hypothesis Testing H0 (Null hypothesis) = There is no land use pattern evident in Castleton H1 (Alternative hypothesis) = There is a land use pattern evident in Castleton As a result of my research, I accept the alternative hypothesis and I reject the null hypothesis. My conclusion is that there is a land use pattern in Castleton. ...read more.


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- H0 (Null hypothesis) = Visitors to Castleton do not travel long distances to get there H1 (Alternative hypothesis) = Visitors to Castleton do travel long distances to get there As a result of my research I accept the alternative hypothesis and reject the null hypothesis. My conclusion is that visitors to Castleton do travel long distances to get there. Method In order to discover whether visitors travel a long distance to get to Castleton we conducted a visitor survey by recording vehicle number plates found in the car park and then using these to work out where these cars came from. Results We discovered that the vehicles came from all over Britain, including Scotland. The majority of vehicles were cars but there were some 4-wheel drives as well as a people carrier. Conclusion This method is not reliable as the cars may have been purchased in these places, but the owners could live in an entirely different area. The only reliable method that could be used would be to ask each visitor individually, but this would be time-consuming and also an interference with the visitors. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- H0 (Null hypothesis) = There are plenty of natural features which encourage tourists to visit Castleton H1 (Alternative hypothesis) = There are no natural features which encourage tourists to visit Castleton As a result of my research I accept the null hypothesis and reject the alternative hypothesis. My conclusion is that there are plenty of natural features, which encourage tourists to visit Castleton. Method We evaluated the area in Castleton and the surrounding area to find any natural features that may have been of interest to tourists. Some of these features were already dedicated tourist attractions, such as Peak Cavern. Results We discovered that there are many natural features in Castleton that would encourage people to visit Castleton such as caves, mountains, cliffs etc. Conclusion This was an effective method as to finding out whether there were plenty of natural features that encourage tourists to visit Castleton. ...read more.


Conclusion After collecting and analysing the data found on our fieldtrip to Castleton, I have come to the conclusion that tourism does have a large influence on Castleton. This is backed up by the fact that the majority of buildings in Castleton's CBD are tourist-orientated shops, such as jewellery shops and gift shops. The local tourist information office speaks for itself in what it does, and is obviously there just for the purpose of providing tourists with information. The large car/coach park found just outside the CBD at the south of Castleton is also a factor in the impact of tourism upon Castleton as this shows the expected amount of visitors, and allows space for them all. The cafes and shops are next to the car park, where as the majority of residential home and shops are located well away from this area towards the north of Castleton. Peak Cavern provides an excellent influx of tourists into Castleton and without it I doubt Castleton would be as popular as it is. The nearby mountains and excellent countryside features allow for superb walks and climbing opportunities, which also contributes for a large number of tourists, especially around the South Yorkshire area as Castleton is within easy reach. Programs such as 'Peak Practice' also encourage tourists to visit Castleton as it is one of the first honeypot sites reached when entering the Peak District National Park from the north or east. People want to see the scenery for themselves so they come to Castleton to go for walks etc. This also keeps the shops and cafes in business as the tourists will want to go for refreshments and gifts. Without tourism, Castleton would be a much poorer place, so tourism brings mostly good impacts on Castleton. As with all tourist-orientated sites, some negative factors arise such as increased traffic, litter, congestion and vandalism. The positive factors far outweigh the negative ones however and this makes Castleton a benefit of tourism and will do for many years to come. ?? ?? ?? ?? GCSE Geography Coursework Luke Hopwood The Mirfield Free Grammar Candidate Number: 7484 ...read more.

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