• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11

Causes and consequences of deforestation of the Amazon Rainforest.

Extracts from this document...


GCSE Geography Coursework Causes and consequences of deforestation of the Amazon Rainforest. Amazon The Amazonian rainforest is the largest rainforest in our planet, covering most of the Brazils area and extending out to neighbouring countries. The total area of the Amazonian rainforest is approximately 4 million km2, however about 14% of the rainforest has already been destroyed and this process continues at a rate of 20,000km2 a year. The Amazon rainforest in South America covers a huge area and there are tribes of people living there who are living a way of life that hasn't really changed for hundreds of years. There are indigenous tribes in rainforests all over the globe but the Kayapo Indians are probably the ones we know most about. Traditionally the Kayapo have used the rainforest for all their needs. They are hunter-gatherers and subsistence farmers. They survive by hunting, fishing and collecting food from the forest. The rainforest can provide them with over 200 different types of fruits as well as nuts and leaves. They supplement this diet by growing sweet potatoes, maize and manioc in small clearings near their villages. As well as food, the Kayapo use the forest to provide them with all their building materials as well as face paints, body ornaments, musical instruments and medicines. The rainforest climate is very hot, wet and sticky very humid. ...read more.


As you can see the graph goes like a mountain it keeps goes up and down we can see at the beginning it started decreasing for a few years but then it started to go up and down and then it went up really high in 1996 to 1998. This what the Amazon rainforest like in most of the areas. Although all consequences of deforestation are potentially serious, perhaps the most serious consequence is that of climate change due to the loss of trees. Earth has an atmosphere which contains a variety of gases, all in a delicate balance, to ensure life on Earth. One of these gases in Earth's atmosphere is carbon dioxide; a gas which helps moderate heat loss to outer space. Insulating gases such as carbon dioxide are called "greenhouse gasses because their function is much like that of the glass in a greenhouse Does deforestation affects the people. There are local and global effects of deforestation in the Amazon. On a local scale, the indigenous tribes that have lived in the rainforest for many years are seeing their traditional way of life and their environment destroyed. Rivers have been polluted due to the mining in the area and soil erosion is a serious problem as the protective canopy of trees is removed. This then means the land cannot be used for growing anything else. ...read more.


Rang Babataher 145 Bushey Road Sutton SM1 1RG Tel-020 86412819 Fax-020 6412829 Letter to Forestry Department: Brazil Ecosystem service Ecosystem functions Examples Gas regulation Regulation of atmospheric chemical composition CO2/O2 balance, O3 for UV protection Climate regulation Regulation of global temperature, precipitation Greenhouse gas regulation Disturbance regulation Damping of ecosystem response to environmental fluctuation Storm protection, flood control, drought recovery Water regulation Regulation of hydrological flows Providing water for agricultural industrial, and human uses Water supply Storage and retention of water Provisioning of water by watersheds and aquifers Erosion control & sediment retention Retention of soil within an ecosystem Prevention of soil loss from wind and runoff Soil formation Soil formation processes Weathering of rock and the accumulation of organic matter Nutrient cycling Storage, internal cycling, processing of nutrients Nitrogen fixation, N, P and other nutrient cycles Waste treatment Recovery of mobile nutrients and breakdown of excess nutrients Waste treatment, pollution control, detoxification Pollination Movement of pollen Insects and birds that pollinate crops Biological control Trophic-dynamic regulations of populations Keystone predators, reduction of herbivory by top predators Refugia Habitat for resident and transient populations Overwintering grounds for waterfowl Food production Portion of NPP extractable for food Production of fish, game, crops, nuts, fruits Raw materials Portion of NPP used for raw materials Production of lumber and fuel Genetic resources Sources of unique biological materials Medicines, genes for the resistance of pathogens Recreation Providing opportunities for recreation Ecotourism, sport fishing, other outdoor activities Cultural Providing opportunities for non-commercial uses Aesthetic, artistic, educational, spiritual, and scientific value 1 Rang Babataher Amazon ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Cliff erosion in East Sussex - the processes, problems and solutions.

    Also there is the problem that if the cliff is just left to retreat, then people will have to move out of their homes. They will not be able to sell them and they will get no compensation, this will particular effect elderly people who might not have enough money

  2. Should people be allowed to destroy the Amazon Rainforest?

    After around three years or so, the plots are usually abandoned- when the plot needs more time and effort spent on them as the fertility leeches away. It takes 50 years for the plot to fully grow back into the forests and they can only be used again after this period of time.

  1. Letter to the brazilian government regarding the amazonian rainforest

    In addition, those local people can capably make a relatively large amount of money if they were to work as an act of sustainable development. Simple farming methods could be taught to the local people, which are efficient in growing reasonable amounts of produce, time after time; these allotments would

  2. What are the local and global consequences of deforestation?

    As a result, some species, such as mahogany, greenheart and rosewood are becoming endangered. A decrease in soil fertility is also an unintended environmental consequence of deforestation. In order to live, trees take nutrients from the soil. Dead trees, and leaves shed from trees, rapidly decompose in the hot, wet climate.

  1. Equatorial Rainforest.

    Equatorial Rainforests also protect against soil erosion and mudslides and landslides. The roots of the plants and trees hold the soil firmly in their places. Also the vegetation covering prevents the heavy afternoon rainfalls from eroding the soils. When the trees in the rainforest are removed, the soil no longer

  2. The Truth about Climate Change

    I thought these websites were trustable, because most of the information on the websites was information the website took from many books or reports done by scientists (climate scientists). Scientists are usually trustable, in my opinion, because they do many experiments to prove their statement.

  1. Deforestation In The Amazon Rainforest.

    When this occurs it makes it extremely easy for soil to be washed or blown away. Then the area of land becomes useless because you can't build on it because foundations won't be stable enough and you can't cultivate it "grow crops" because nutrients such as silt etc have been washed/blown away.

  2. How Is the Amazon Rainforest Seen As a Resource - the Arguments For and ...

    We want outsiders to leave our forest and to stop destroying it. They only take from the forest -but we are part of the forest ecosystem and take no more out than we put in. JOHN SMITH, A BRITISH CONSERVATIONIST WORKING FOR GREEN PEACE INTERNATIONAL As far as my organisation is concerned there is no argument.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work