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Causes and Effects of Migration

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Causes and Effects of Internal and External Migration Migration is the movement of people from one place to another. We can divide it into two different parts. Internal migration which is rural(towns) to urban(cities). For example, Oakham to Manchester and external migration also can be said as international migration which is the movement from one country to another. For example, Turks to Germany or Mexicans to USA which I am going to talk about it as we go on. People migrate for two reasons. Firstly, they may wish to get away from the things that they do not like. These are called push factors and include:- * not enough and poorly paid jobs * old and poor quality houses * natural disasters - earthquakes, volcanoes, wars * few oppotunities - shopping centers, cinema, food, schools, hospitals * poor transport Secondly, people are attracted to the things that they do like. ...read more.


All of these things were an advantage for the new coming immigrants. This time I am going to talk about the international migration, how Mexican's have migrated into USA. The United States has much to offer migrants. It is a place with many oppotunities, high standards of living and an attractive way of life. It is one of the wealthiest places in the world, jobs are readlily available, education is good and health care is excellent. For people living in the worlds poorer countries, USA is very attractive. Since 1940 many Mexicans have migrated northwards into the USA. Most Mexicans settle in California or Texas. They search for work and chance of earning money. Migrant workers do all kinds of work. Many work on large farms and in food processing factories. Most are low paid work but they can earn more in a month than they could in a full year in Mexico. ...read more.


In countries where there is a low standard of living and a shortage of jobs, groups of people will migrate to nearby, wealthier countries hoping to find work like Turks migrating to Germany. As West Germany became increasingly wealthy, it attracted workers from the poorer parts of southern Europe and the Middle East. There were many jobs available. At the same time, several of those countries in the southern Europe and the Middle East had too many workers for the number of jobs available, and those who had jobs usullay received very low pays. The result was a movement of people from poorer countries like Turkey to richer countries like West Germany. As many of the early Turkish immigrants came from farming villages, they initially found agricultural jobs in West Germany. Soon, however, they turned to relatively better-paid jobs in factories. These were jobs which the Germans themselves did not want as they were often dirty, unskilled, poorly paid and demanded long. ...read more.

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Response to the question

The essay provides a lot of information about why people migrate, the causes of it, but does little to explain the effects of it. There are parts where they note how Mexican immigration to the US means there are fewer ...

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Response to the question

The essay provides a lot of information about why people migrate, the causes of it, but does little to explain the effects of it. There are parts where they note how Mexican immigration to the US means there are fewer jobs for US citizens but other than that it seems a little thin. So overall more attention must be paid to the question - clearly writing about effects of migration as well as their specific effects in the examples the writer discusses.

Level of analysis

The writer does well at summing up the push-pull factors and then giving real life examples of how these cause migration. A few key push and pull factors are missed out including family being in other countries. Also a war is not a natural disaster. The essay has no real end and seems like it turns to a detailed list rather than an essay - however the content itself is quite good. More explanation rather than description could be well warranted.

Quality of writing

Vocabularly is good on the whole, with important terms used including internal migration and push/pull factors. There are errors in punctuation, such as missing out apostrophes and putting some where they shouldn't be. The sentences can be too short, so more connectives should be used to create longer compound sentences. This isn't a big issue but something I think people should avoid: using the same introduction into every paragraph; notably 'now I am going to talk about...'. In the end the essay is to inform, describe and explain and shouldn't be treated as a casual conversation.

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Reviewed by hassi94 13/03/2012

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