• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Chinas One Child Policy: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

China's One Child Policy: The good, the bad, and the ugly China's present population is approximately 1.2 billion, which is about one fifth of the earth's entire population. China has to feed 22% of the world's people on 7% of the world's land, which is a considerable task. China's one child policy was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 to limit communist China's population growth. The one-child policy means that couples are only allowed one child in rural and urban areas. Parents with multiple births aren't given the same benefits as parents of one child. Many times the parents have to pay money to the government in order to get permission to have another child. The aims of the policy were to reduce the population rate of China. In the mid-twentieth century the population rate was 55 million (about the same as the UK's total population) every three years. To do this, families were restricted to 1 per family and the marriageable age was raised to 22 for men and 20 for women. Couples have to apply to be married and to have a child. ...read more.

Middle

This resulted in female infanticide which is the intentional killing of baby girls due to the preference for male babies. The Chinese tradition implied that there must be a boy among the children in order to continue the family. They felt that the males carried the name of their ancestors and they needed to carry the name for the next generation. Therefore, whenever a couple had a female child they reverted to infanticide. They would either abandon the child or even worse, kill it. This way they have another chance at getting a boy. As technologies are advancing, they are able to determine the gender of the child before birth and use abortion as a means to eliminate a female birth. These wide uses of infanticide obviously bring new issues for example the sex ratio was totally unbalanced and the infant mortality rate is horrible. Males are completely dominant in China. They do most of the work and are the head of the household. The one concept that the Chinese people are not considering is that in the future there will be far too many males and far too less females. ...read more.

Conclusion

This always does not work because a lot of these countries in the surrounding area of the country are hesitant in allowing Chinese refugees onto their land. One the plus side, the policy has worked as the population has become manageable. If every couple in China had two children, instead of one, from the time the one child policy was introduced, then China would have been in poverty now. The one child policy ensures that China's citizens have a good standard of living in the future. Overall in my opinion, one child policy has been successful as it has lowered the population. It has ensured that the will be no immediate poverty in China and has bettered the living standards. However, it has been highly distressful for millions of Chinese. I do not agree with the policy, because I believed it is highly immoral to kill children and deny people some of their basic human rights. There is evidence that suggests that if the policy continues, the death rate will be considerably higher than the birth rate. This will result in not enough people for labor and not enough women for marriage. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

The answer to the question and the outline of the policy is done very well. The candidate goes into a great amount of detail of the policy and the impacts that have been created by it, considering both the negative ...

Read full review

Response to the question

The answer to the question and the outline of the policy is done very well. The candidate goes into a great amount of detail of the policy and the impacts that have been created by it, considering both the negative and positive aspects ending with a good well thought out conclusion.

Level of analysis

The candidate introduces the topic well and outlines why the topic is seen as a problem in China. The candidate begins by outlining what the policy meant to the chinese government, it may have been useful to compare it to the forced sterilisation policy that used to be implemented. The candidate then outlines in good depth why there are very serious problems with the one child policy and why the policy needs a lot of work based on the chinese traditions. Their conclusion is adequate apart from the two ending sentences which are not well considered. Just because the population has declined this does not mean that there will be labor and women shortages in the future.

Quality of writing

Punctuation, grammar and spelling all to a very high level. The format of the essay is done very well with easy to read split up paragraphs.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by skatealexia 03/09/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    China's One Child Policy Ks3 Yr 9 Geography Assessment Marked 7c

    5 star(s)

    Mao died shortly after the policy was bought into effect but he had still paved the way for a stricter, more extensive and effective strategy. Nevertheless, there was still a lack of a deep understanding of the seriousness of the population problem and the government had not yet worked out a clear population policy.

  2. To discover land uses in various parts of Southampton and to compare these with ...

    Redevelopment and renewal in this area and the growth of zone A to meet the needs of an expanding town mean that Zone B is in a state of constant change (hence its name). The poorest people in the settlement live here, but it is now fashionable for of warehouses

  1. Llandudno Urban Studies

    In the 1920's and 30's, the area toward the West beach was developed as a residential area. The same again happened from 1939 to 1945, as the Second World War halted further developments. The 1950's saw a brief revival and Llandudno saw the crowds return.

  2. 'The growth of the high-tech industry has had a positive effect on the Cambridge ...

    Type of Vehicle Total Cars 11 Vans 2 Lorries 0 Busses 1 Other 4 Science Park - traffic turning out of the park Traffic turning south towards Cambridge. Type of Vehicle Total Cars 9 Vans 4 Lorries 0 Busses 0 Other 0 Traffic turning north towards the A10 Type of

  1. Why do companies go global and who are the winners and losers?

    perhaps through foreign aid, and they also fix their Government policies to be favourable for TNCs too, such as infrastructure provision, port facilities etc. So if LEDCs are going to do things favourable for TNCs, TNCs are better off

  2. The benefits and disadvantages of an Open cast mine - Quarry to a village ...

    The village people might have not improved the roads and railways because it would be too much hassle but if they are going to do a big thing like mining, they might consider doing up the roads and railways too.

  1. A Comparison of the Impact & Management of Tourism in the Lulworth Cove & ...

    still manage to draw in crowds to help the communities to survive. B) Identify the potential environment problems that tourism could produce at both Lulworth and Swanage. With so many tourists flocking their way down to Swanage and Lulworth there are bound to be some environmental issues that are almost

  2. Reasons overpopulation occurs.

    Moreover, progression in medical brings about rise in the birth rate. Abortion used to be a major problem for pregnant in addition it was hard to prevent it. But now, owing to modern methods in medicine, pregnancies are safer for baby and mother.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work