• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Chinas One Child Policy: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Extracts from this document...


China's One Child Policy: The good, the bad, and the ugly China's present population is approximately 1.2 billion, which is about one fifth of the earth's entire population. China has to feed 22% of the world's people on 7% of the world's land, which is a considerable task. China's one child policy was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 to limit communist China's population growth. The one-child policy means that couples are only allowed one child in rural and urban areas. Parents with multiple births aren't given the same benefits as parents of one child. Many times the parents have to pay money to the government in order to get permission to have another child. The aims of the policy were to reduce the population rate of China. In the mid-twentieth century the population rate was 55 million (about the same as the UK's total population) every three years. To do this, families were restricted to 1 per family and the marriageable age was raised to 22 for men and 20 for women. Couples have to apply to be married and to have a child. ...read more.


This resulted in female infanticide which is the intentional killing of baby girls due to the preference for male babies. The Chinese tradition implied that there must be a boy among the children in order to continue the family. They felt that the males carried the name of their ancestors and they needed to carry the name for the next generation. Therefore, whenever a couple had a female child they reverted to infanticide. They would either abandon the child or even worse, kill it. This way they have another chance at getting a boy. As technologies are advancing, they are able to determine the gender of the child before birth and use abortion as a means to eliminate a female birth. These wide uses of infanticide obviously bring new issues for example the sex ratio was totally unbalanced and the infant mortality rate is horrible. Males are completely dominant in China. They do most of the work and are the head of the household. The one concept that the Chinese people are not considering is that in the future there will be far too many males and far too less females. ...read more.


This always does not work because a lot of these countries in the surrounding area of the country are hesitant in allowing Chinese refugees onto their land. One the plus side, the policy has worked as the population has become manageable. If every couple in China had two children, instead of one, from the time the one child policy was introduced, then China would have been in poverty now. The one child policy ensures that China's citizens have a good standard of living in the future. Overall in my opinion, one child policy has been successful as it has lowered the population. It has ensured that the will be no immediate poverty in China and has bettered the living standards. However, it has been highly distressful for millions of Chinese. I do not agree with the policy, because I believed it is highly immoral to kill children and deny people some of their basic human rights. There is evidence that suggests that if the policy continues, the death rate will be considerably higher than the birth rate. This will result in not enough people for labor and not enough women for marriage. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

The answer to the question and the outline of the policy is done very well. The candidate goes into a great amount of detail of the policy and the impacts that have been created by it, considering both the negative ...

Read full review

Response to the question

The answer to the question and the outline of the policy is done very well. The candidate goes into a great amount of detail of the policy and the impacts that have been created by it, considering both the negative and positive aspects ending with a good well thought out conclusion.

Level of analysis

The candidate introduces the topic well and outlines why the topic is seen as a problem in China. The candidate begins by outlining what the policy meant to the chinese government, it may have been useful to compare it to the forced sterilisation policy that used to be implemented. The candidate then outlines in good depth why there are very serious problems with the one child policy and why the policy needs a lot of work based on the chinese traditions. Their conclusion is adequate apart from the two ending sentences which are not well considered. Just because the population has declined this does not mean that there will be labor and women shortages in the future.

Quality of writing

Punctuation, grammar and spelling all to a very high level. The format of the essay is done very well with easy to read split up paragraphs.

Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by skatealexia 03/09/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    How can urban living be sustainable

    4 star(s)

    A public transport system is transport available to anyone. However there are often problem with public transport like being too expensive, having long delays, over crowded and run down facilities. Towns and cites always have more than one public transports system. Take London for example there are: trains, the tube, buses, bike lanes, boats and taxi's.

  2. The aim of this paper is to answer three questions: How important is tourism ...

    As I have mentioned earlier, parking is a considerable problem. Locals complain about not being able to find parking spaces. No doubt tourists also find it hard to park. While in Conway, the only car park I saw was the one on the High Street, which belonged to the Castle

  1. GCSE Geography Settlement Coursework

    bus, train and car links), tourist focus (e.g. museums, the universities). These result in the demand for land being high and people are attracted to the prestige of the central focus. High Order Good - Goods which are not bought on a daily basis, for example a refrigerator, or a

  2. A Comparison of the Impact & Management of Tourism in the Lulworth Cove & ...

    However in Swanage there is no evidence of erosion as this is a more urban and built up place. Swanage's concrete pavements accommodate both the many local people and the tourists. Visual impact People who come to visit places like Lulworth see beautiful old cottages and rural villages.

  1. To what extend has the Congestion Charge in London been successful?

    can be referred to as the private benefit curve. The supply curve represents the costs of the factors of production involved in the production of a good or service. Thus the supply curve can be referred to as the private cost curve.

  2. Geography Course Work - St. Albans

    This clearly shows that the grid squares containing 0% CBD functions are not part of the main area of the CBD. One of the reasons this area has very little CBD functions is that it is mainly a residential area for example grid square B2 is completely residential.

  1. geography coursework urban - To what extent does Wolverhampton fit the Burgess Model?

    And also it was raining quite hard when we went to Chapel Ash and merry hill and so less people would be out however by the time we arrived at Tettenhall it had stopped. Extension - Secondary Data I found out the population density for the 3 areas.

  2. To create three different hypotheses related to tourism and tourists in Dubai that can ...

    long the tourist is staying in Dubai should be at the beginning of the questionnaire. Other changes I will also change the layout of my questionnaire to improve it's presentation. I will use pictures on the questionnaire to make it more presentable.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work