• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Condensed Case Studies

Extracts from this document...


Geography - Case Studies (condensed) San Francisco Earthquake, 1989 * California is on a conservative plate margin * Pacific plate west, north American plate east * Earthquake - 7.1 * Struck at 5.04 pm, October 17th * 63 deaths * 1 million homes without electricity * Damage estimated at $7 billion * Interstate 880 collapsed, trapping motorists * SF and Oakland airport closed - damaged * Marina district in Bay area extensively damaged, collapsed buildings, fires from ruptured gas mains Mount St. Helen's Eruption, 1980 * Washington State, NW USA * Part of Western Cordillera, * Destructive plate margin * Erupted early Sunday morning, May 1980 * Rumbled for 2 months - 5 mile exclusion zone * Earth tremors triggered landslide * Pyroclastic flow (rock, gas, steam) * Ash cloud 12 miles high * 57 deaths (low because Sunday morning) * Rivers + lakes filled with mud * 400m lost from top of volcano * Logging camps, roads, bridges and houses destroyed Holderness Coast, the * NE England * Retreats 1 or 2 metres per year * Strong prevailing winds (to west) --> strong longshore drift * Soft clay cliffs --> easy to erode * Mappleton, south of Hornsea on cliff top is in danger * 1991 - rock ...read more.


* 90% of the products transported by road, good transport links * Large local workforce situated around 3 miles away from the site (Stafford/Penkridge). * Reasonable amount of space for the centre to be built on and to expand. * Its market has to be national, made easier because of the good transport links. * Uses National Grid - cheap * Materials are manufactured goods Tourism in Menorca (MEDC) * Main towns: Ma� and Ciutadella * Situated in Balearic Islands, in Mediterranean Sea * Low annual precipitation; 450mm in autumn & spring * Hot/dry summers * Avg. summer temp.: 30�C * Many family-friendly resorts and beaches * Beautiful parks e.g. Es Freginal Park * Placa Alfons III with good restaurants and caf�s * Cycling tracks & good views * Families in summer * Nature-lovers in spring * Employment * Monetary stability * The area is developed and regenerated for tourism, and also helps local people * There is no year-long employment, as there are very few tourists between November and April; paro (money) is given to tourism workers who have no job during winter Tourism in Kenya (LEDC) * Main towns/cities: Nairobi, Mombasa * Situated in Eastern Africa * Low plains in coastal area, which rise to central highlands, Great Rift Valley. ...read more.


* Income: Fields opened for camping, lots of B&Bs. Tourism keeps local shops going- 'honeypot' villages provide lots of jobs, �75 million made each year * Preservation and conservation: Caudwell's Mill restored as a visitor attraction Magpie mine preserved (industrial site) Redundant farm buildings now accommodation 300 local and traditional events Problems of tourism * Congestion of villages and beauty spots; Honeypot areas overcrowded - full car parks, blocked roads * Erosion of paths and sensitive vegetation 3005 km of public right of way Heavy use --> major erosion, esp. on moorlands where made worse by loose peat, high rainfall and wind Heavy wear caused by off road vehicles and mountain bikes * Danger and disturbance to wildlife Sandpipers nest on ground --> sensitive to people passing * Litter - unsightly, causes pollution, damages livestock/wild animals. Broken glass dangerous to people. Cause of fire * Damage to farmland - trampling crops + grass reduces animals' winter feed. Left open gates mean livestock escape. Sheep killed by uncontrolled dogs * Tourist villages - gift shops + cafes for tourists make more money than shops for locals e.g. baker's, butcher's. Locals feel they are being pushed out by tourists/ they have more facilities ?? ?? ?? ?? JA - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Mexico to USA Migration Case Study

    4 star(s)

    * Safer, less crime - Places with more money tend to have less crime as people can afford to pay their way. * Political stability - Less chance of a political breakdown and wars breaking out. * More fertile land - less chance of losing crops and crops will be

  2. To what extent do the shops/services of Northwood satisfy the needs of the Local ...

    From this I hope to discover faults in my questionnaire that can be rectified in order to have a better questionnaire that can achieve more precise results. My preliminary questionnaire will be conducted on 10 people; however the revised questionnaire will be conducted on a proportional sample of 40 people.

  1. Was the refusal of the McDonalds planning site fair and justified?

    event and found some newspaper cutting that give me other views on the McDonalds enquiry. (Fig 10, 11 and 12) (at the end) Analysing and Interpreting There were many reasons why the council refused planning permission, but were these fair and justified?

  2. Geography Fieldwork - The effects of Tourism in Keswick

    identified to be the footpath this was the section that we thought the national park authorities intended to be the footpath not including the trample zone we used a tape measure to then measure across and we then noted it down.

  1. CHP Potential in Indian Industrial Sectors

    Many companies need to reduce their impact on the environment if they want to increase production capacity. Potential for Recycled Energy and CHP There are still prospects for cogeneration in the steel industry. The reason that the steel industry has such a small amount of cogeneration is the internal competition for capital facing many companies.

  2. The Kashmir earthquake

    However for those in the smaller mountainous villages who recived little aid or rescue help may have belived that the government were not doing much to help the victims of the quake. The main reason that the Kashmir earthquake claimed so many lives was that the quake occurred at around 9 o'clock.

  1. Case Studies - Population, Settlement, Industry and Environment

    the A4 for transport, and are also close to Tsolike River for water supply Problems faced * Crop growth is difficult due to a lack of flat, fertile land; soil erosion by wind and water; hazards like hailstorms or locusts * There is a lack of work or opportunities, since

  2. Can China Feed Itself?

    The demand for water is high, 65% of China needs it for agricultural purposes, 23% for industrial purposes and 12% for domestic purposes. But in northern China, there isn?t much water at all. This is very important, because Beijing is in the north, the capital city.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work