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Deforestation in the Amazon rainforest and development in the rest of Brazil

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Introduction

Deforestation in the Amazon rainforest and development in the rest of Brazil had led to many conflicting interests in the Amazon region. This is a global issue and can affect many lives e.g by global warming and other factors. The Brazilian rainforest is being used for natural resources, which is in great demand. This leads to deforestation (clearance of forest land). The rainforest is so important to people because without it there would be loss of wildlife, loss of medicine, soil erosion, decrease in soil fertility and many other valued factors. This issue is clearly a very big impact on peoples lives, not just people who are living in the rainforest, but worldwide. Already 65% of the worlds rainforest had been deforested and Brazil had lost an area the size of Spain in the last 20 years. One third of the worlds remaining rainforests are in the Amazon region. Geologists predict that at once, vast forests covered approximately two-thirds of the Earths surface. Although this number has steadily decreased, it is now doing so at an alarming rate. I will research this by agreeing or disagreeing with the hypothesis, of which is: "Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest is a major global environmental issue that only the government can solve, do you agree?" I predict that my research for this essay will show that the first part of the hypothesis will be true "deforestation of the Amazon rainforest is a major global environmental issue." But I think that my research will tend to disagree with the second part of the hypothesis "that only the government can solve." The rainforests are being cleared for a number of reasons. New roads are being built to transport timber, cattle and crops to businesses. People have also settled on these roads. The longest road stretches 5300km (3300 miles). Iron, gold and copper have all been discovered in the rainforest. ...read more.

Middle

SOURCE E is very reliable due to the fact that it is recent and comes from and outside perspective-New York. It has factual data and information, which you can't lie about. Science is very important to the world, simply because it explains how we live, die and survive in the world. SOURCE O shows that cutting down trees creates global warming (an increase in temperature). There are four main causes of this: Carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and CFC gasses. Trees take in carbon dioxide from the air. When hey die they return it to the air. Across the world, deforestation is increasing by 2% each year. This means that the loss of trees means there are fewer trees to take in carbon dioxide, which leaves more carbon dioxide in the air for humans, which it not good for our body. Methane is mainly produced by agricultural activities. Nitrous oxide is produced by the burning of the rainforests. SOURCE O is extremely reliable as it is from the UN and it's not too out of date-1998. SOURCE P shows the population size and carbon dioxide emission of counties. America's population size of the world total is 4.7%, yet emits 25% of the world total carbon dioxide. This is the biggest percentage; the least is India with only 3.6%. America are very responsible for the carbon dioxide compared to their population size. SOURCE O shows carbon dioxide causes approximately 50% of the greenhouse effect ( creates global warming). This means that America are burning more and more fossil fuels (coal and oil mining are the biggest causes of deforestation. SOURCES O and P show the mass effects of deforestation and how it could change the way the whole world lives. Therefore these sources prove the first part of the hypothesis 'deforestation of the Amazon rainforest is a major global environmental issue.' It is definitely a major global issue. ...read more.

Conclusion

Conclusion My research has led me to believe that deforestation is a global environmental issue. This affects the whole world, like pollution in the air such as carbon dioxide being emitted into the air. But I don't fully agree with a second part of the hypothesis 'of which only the government can solve.' This is because Brazil can solve its debt problem in other ways such as charity organisations helping out and country's making allowances and cancelling out all un-payable debts. As many countries previously signed an agreement to cut down on carbon dioxide (but didn't carry out due to America backing out), countries could sign another agreement to do with the deforestation of the rainforests. So my prediction of the outcome of this essay turned out to be true As I previously said that I don't fully agree with the second part of the hypothesis because the Brazilian government has to be involved and has to co-operate with all countries. Solutions to this problem may be to tax MNC's to reduce or replace the tress they are cutting down or the government to protect national parks. MEDC's should agree that all exports to LEDC's should be in low value, as the LEDC's are growing the raw materials. Brazil is trapped into a cycle of poverty; it now needs to invest in its own manufacturing company to make more money. Brazil needs to create sustainable development and in order to do this they need to cause minimum damage to the environment. My opinion on the deforestation of the Amazon rainforest is that we need furniture and trees make this for us. If we don't chop down trees what else can we do? But also the trees are dying and we need them to take in carbon dioxide. So I think that every time we chop a tree down, which we should only do if necessary, we should replant one or more trees. Sustainable development could only occur if we have the full co-operation of international countries. ...read more.

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