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Describe the pattern of agriculture

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Describe the Pattern of Agriculture in the Netherlands There are three main types of farming in the Netherlands, Horticulture, Arable and Pasture Farming. More than 27% of the total land area of the Netherlands is under seasonal or permanent crop production. Grasslands account for about 54% of all agricultural lands. Most farms are effectively managed and worked intensively with mechanical equipment. Along the coastal belt in the west of the Netherlands, the sea moderates the climate and with the temperatures being warmer then inland, the coastal areas only receive 60 days of frost per year. These coastal areas consist of dunes which produce sandy soil mixed with clay and so are good for horticulture and growing produce such as vegetables, flowers and salad crops. In the North and further inland there are areas of reclaimed land which are below sea level, these are called Polders. Here there are moist clay soils and some are too heavy to plough and so is pasture land for dairy farming. The better drained lands are used for arable farming for growing crops such as sugar beet and potatoes; these are often the largest farms. In the east, there is little farming with the conditions not being suitable. ...read more.


Not only vegetables and fruit are grown in these glasshouses but flowers such as Chrysanthemums. High levels of inputs in the form of capital, energy, (skilled) labour, and nutrients, have resulted in the highest output levels of glasshouse products in the world. About 80% of Dutch horticulture products are exported around the world; that is 14% of the world export of horticultural products. One of the main economic factors that has influenced horticulture is the large export of horticulture. As the main glasshouse horticulture areas is near the main cities and airports, the produce is easy to transport by air, road, rail and sea to be exported to other countries. The products are grown near the Schipol airport, the sea and cities because they can be easily exported and they will be fresh when they are taken to the markets in the cities. Another economic factor influencing horticulture is the size of the glass hoses. As there are hectares and hectares of them, they grow many different varieties of fruit and vegetables. The larger the glasshouses the more can be grown and produced and therefore sold commercially. The produce can be exported to other countries or taken to the Aalsmeer auction market. ...read more.


This is because for the small amount of land that is bought it would not make much money or difference to the existing farm and income, however if co operatives invested in small farms it would be viable. Arable farming is the smallest percentage of Dutch farming, but is still very profitable. Most arable farming takes place in the North and Middle of the Netherlands, where the soil is most fertile. Much of the arable farming is on the polders, which is the reclaimed land below sea level. This soil is very clayey and is very good for growing crops such as sugar beet and potatoes, with these farms often being the largest. The clay soils have high nutrient and moisture holding capacity, which enables the farmer to spend less on water and fertilisers. Also the polders have created drainage canals in between each one and so this irrigates the land and drains any resting water form the land and so reduce the risk of flooding. Also the polders have protecting embankments on either side and so this shelters the crops from winds and rains, allowing them to grow. Most of produce produced such as cereals and potatoes is for commercial use and are exported. The main economic factors influencing arable farming is the size of the farms and land and the export of goods and produce. ...read more.

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