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Describe the structure of a typical British City

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Describe the structure of a typical British City, illustrate with an example and identify the processes which have shaped this structure. There are three main structures of a typical British city. These are the Burgess Model, the Hoyt Model, and the Harris and Ullman Model. These models show the structure, shape and type of housing for each part of the city. But they vary for the different types of cities and the different factors that influence the shaping of the city. The Burgess Model shows the whole of the city pattern from the city centre to the outskirts. From this we can see that in the centre is the Central Business District (CBD) which contains the major shops, offices and entertainment facilities. This is then followed by the Inner City Area (Twilight Zone). This is an area of old housing and light manufacture industry. This is then surrounded by the Low Class Residential area, which is an area of poor housing, but is of a better standard to the housing in the Twilight Zone. The next ring of housing is the Medium Classes Residential zone. This zone is mainly housing built between the wars and these are mainly either semi-dettached houses or council estates. ...read more.


This is the perfect example of the Hoyt model. To begin with, the main British cities are structured due to the different transport links and routes. This is because more people live near towards the main transports in the main cities such as Newcastle. This is because it makes travelling more efficient and easier. We can see this from the diagram below. The most people live nearer to the transport routes, however the houses closer to the main transport routes are less developed and are usually lived in by the lower classes. 57,200 people commute into work in Newcastle which means that their house is near the outskirts and mean that they must live near to good transport routes to allow this to happen. This figure was attained this information from the 2001 census. Also, there has been a congestion charge brought into the city centre. This will encourage people to drive into work as much, but get public transport, such as trains and buses, into work everyday. The people's jobs in the city have a huge affect on where somebody lives. They will want to get to their job quickly and easily. ...read more.


This is because they can use the river for trade and tourism to bring extra money into the city. This has meant that the majority of the industry and entertainment have moved towards the river. Historical factors are the last type of factor that influences the shape of a typical British city. This is because of many historical factors that have meant that sectors of the city to shift to these parts of the cities where the historical factors are based. We can see this from the castle. This brings a large amount of tourism and therefore trade to the community. This has meant that many businesses and entertainment parks have moved close to these historical factors to exploit them and increase their business with the tourists visiting their shops and cinemas. In conclusion, Newcastle is a brilliant example of the Hoyt urban structure model. This means that the sectors have a clear divide between them, but there is often more than one of the same sector (for example, there are three middle-class sectors in Newcastle). There are also many different theories that influence the shape of Newcastle. There are the physical factors, historical factors, social factors, regeneration, jobs and transport. These are all factors that make Newcastle the shape that it is today and these have meant for a good quality and well developing city. ...read more.

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