• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the structure of a typical British City

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the structure of a typical British City, illustrate with an example and identify the processes which have shaped this structure. There are three main structures of a typical British city. These are the Burgess Model, the Hoyt Model, and the Harris and Ullman Model. These models show the structure, shape and type of housing for each part of the city. But they vary for the different types of cities and the different factors that influence the shaping of the city. The Burgess Model shows the whole of the city pattern from the city centre to the outskirts. From this we can see that in the centre is the Central Business District (CBD) which contains the major shops, offices and entertainment facilities. This is then followed by the Inner City Area (Twilight Zone). This is an area of old housing and light manufacture industry. This is then surrounded by the Low Class Residential area, which is an area of poor housing, but is of a better standard to the housing in the Twilight Zone. The next ring of housing is the Medium Classes Residential zone. This zone is mainly housing built between the wars and these are mainly either semi-dettached houses or council estates. ...read more.

Middle

This is the perfect example of the Hoyt model. To begin with, the main British cities are structured due to the different transport links and routes. This is because more people live near towards the main transports in the main cities such as Newcastle. This is because it makes travelling more efficient and easier. We can see this from the diagram below. The most people live nearer to the transport routes, however the houses closer to the main transport routes are less developed and are usually lived in by the lower classes. 57,200 people commute into work in Newcastle which means that their house is near the outskirts and mean that they must live near to good transport routes to allow this to happen. This figure was attained this information from the 2001 census. Also, there has been a congestion charge brought into the city centre. This will encourage people to drive into work as much, but get public transport, such as trains and buses, into work everyday. The people's jobs in the city have a huge affect on where somebody lives. They will want to get to their job quickly and easily. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is because they can use the river for trade and tourism to bring extra money into the city. This has meant that the majority of the industry and entertainment have moved towards the river. Historical factors are the last type of factor that influences the shape of a typical British city. This is because of many historical factors that have meant that sectors of the city to shift to these parts of the cities where the historical factors are based. We can see this from the castle. This brings a large amount of tourism and therefore trade to the community. This has meant that many businesses and entertainment parks have moved close to these historical factors to exploit them and increase their business with the tourists visiting their shops and cinemas. In conclusion, Newcastle is a brilliant example of the Hoyt urban structure model. This means that the sectors have a clear divide between them, but there is often more than one of the same sector (for example, there are three middle-class sectors in Newcastle). There are also many different theories that influence the shape of Newcastle. There are the physical factors, historical factors, social factors, regeneration, jobs and transport. These are all factors that make Newcastle the shape that it is today and these have meant for a good quality and well developing city. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Find out if Dorking has the characteristics of a typical market town

    This tells us that Dorking is a town where lots of people live. The commercial and business in Dorking is very low on the land use map and there not a lot of space with these two things in. For example if you look at the land use map, we

  2. How and why housing Residential environments differ In different areas of Nuneaton.

    * House maintenance - it was very poor. Some houses had paint on their house but it looks GCSE Geography Coursework Un-Jung Im like it's going to peeling off. * Other features - there was some trees in their front garden.

  1. Visit to the central Business district of Kidderminster.

    Smiths, All Sports, and The Orange Shop etc. There was point about Kidderminster that I came across and that should be notified, one is that Kidderminster is a fairly large town, and in order for it to be a typical CBD it should have high rise buildings, this may be

  2. Kalah Reni - A New City for Cambodia

    Deforestation is a large problem in the country. Two centuries ago most of the country was forest, but now, with timber exportation at a high, trees are becoming scarce. The New Capital I have looked at the climate, relief, resources and population distribution and have chosen a location for a new capital: K�l�h R�ni - 'City of Harmony'.

  1. San Francisco: The City that Never Sleeps (or does it?).

    We were not staying far from Market Street, which is the main street in the city and it literally spans from one end of the city to the other and eventually ends at the Ferry Building next to the Bay Bridge.

  2. My Geography project is based on the old Roman and Georgian city of Bath, ...

    We repeated this method of counting for each of the building categories, and each of the zones. Each of these figures were made into a percentage of the total, and the graph was laid out so that the inner zone results were in descending order at the start of each group of columns.

  1. geography coursework urban - To what extent does Wolverhampton fit the Burgess Model?

    Car is the most popular as on average most households have at least one car as they have family houses and the cars are used to drive to school etc. There is also Tettenhall with it having lots of small industries all spread out where as Merryhill is all one

  2. CHP Potential in Indian Industrial Sectors

    of quantum jump in production capacities through modern dry process plants as well as conversion of some of the wet process plants, the share of old wet process has been reduced to just 5% today. The Indian cement industry comprises of 124 large/medium size cement plants including grinding units and about 300 mini cement plants.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work