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Development through Farming

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In countries like Finland and Greece, there is a better literacy level. Being well educated can mean lower birth rates because they learn about contraception and family planning. The low birth rate could also be due to a higher want for other expensive things like holiday homes, instead of children, this could be down to the better literacy levels. However in countries like Mali and Morocco, the lower literacy rate means a higher birth rate, because when the people are better educated, they may learn more about family planning or contraception and have less children. The lower literacy rates also illustrate that there are many labour based jobs so more children are needed to help with this. So, the higher the birth rate the lower the literacy level and vice versa.One reason why Kerala, India has a lower birth rate than the national Indian average is because the state has a high literacy rate. Kerala's literacy rate is higher than most other Indian states. This means birth rates will be much lower as more people are educated and see less need for more children. ...read more.


Also, in 1997, there is no longer a large variety of fields, only 1 hedgerow and a reduced woodland, in contrasted to 1949 where there were many hedgerows, a large woodland and many different fields. Farming landscape has changed since 1949 because, the removal of hedgerows has meant more space for growing crops. This is because farmers have a larger profit motive and because wire fencing is easier to maintain. In addition, there are less grass fields than in 1949 because farmers are finding it more profitable to have larger fields full of one crop and only one grass field for grazing. Furthermore, farming landscape has changed to make space for larger areas for crops, this has been done by removing trees. Lastly, another reason that farming landscape has changed is so that farming vehicles can be used on larger, flatter and wider areas on the fields.A farmer's decision-making is affected by EU policies. The first is the Set-Aside policy. This will affect the amount of land a farmer is going to use. ...read more.


This is the introduction of modern farming methods in LEDC countries. This involves the use HYV varieties of crops, fertilisers, pesticides, irrigation and mechanisation. The use of High Yielding Variety crops in India has meant that crop yields increase. This has therefore meant either farmers can sell on their surplus, or poorer farmers are able to feed their family and store their surplus for time of need like monsoon season. Another change in the farming is that mechanisation has mean that farmers with a lot of land will be able to use all of it. Previously it would have been harder because they would have to walk themselves across acres of land. Another change is that there is more employment in farms. As there is a larger surplus that can be sold, more profit will mean the farmer can employ more people to work. However farming will also be changed with a negative impact being, farmers will have to use fertilisers for HYVs, this could either go against a farmers ethics or farmers in India might not be able to afford them. In addition, some farmers got into debt borrowing money to buy seeds, fertilisers etc. fertilisers, pesticides etc. and environmental damage can be caused by using fertilisers, pesticides etc. ...read more.

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