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Discussion_of_Tourism_Impacts_on_Historic_Towns 2009-02

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Socio - cultural impact of tourism on historical town such as Canterbury In this essay will be discussed the socio-cultural impact of tourism on historic towns, looking at the case of Canterbury, Kent. Some ideas will also be given of how to reduce the negative and increase the positive impacts of tourism activities. Canterbury is situated in north-East Kent. The city lies on the River Great Stour. (Photo no 0.) (www.wikipedia.com, 2009) We cannot discuss a historic town without taking a glimpse at its history. Canterbury, like many historic towns, has had its share of rising and falling throughout its history. The author looks at five major historical periods that had a significant impact on the town's development and its tourism. The first period was when the Romans occupied England (43AD-410AD). They built stone houses, theatres, temples and baths, and also constructed roads which allowed better access to the city. (Photo no 1, 2, 3) The second was the reign of Henry II (1154-89) ...read more.


(Russo 2002) Cohen (1984) suggests examining host-guest interaction and tourist behaviour. The attitude of the local residents depends on their level of involvement in the industry and also on the number of tourists. According to Doxey's (1976) irritation index the impatience level of residents changes and follows a particular model: it begins with euphoria. In the 1830's the euphoria level must have been significant when the first train service from London to Canterbury via Whitstable began to operate, carrying up to 300 people. (Smith, 2009) The next stage is apathy when visitors are taken for granted and hosts are more concerned with marketing. This is followed by the annoyance stage when hosts are concerned whether tourism is any benefit to them. (Shaw and William 2002) In France the government wants to prevent this stage by planning to limit the number of US tourists and so called 'free riders', giving the reason of economic concern and 'popularity of the country'. Understanding tourist behaviour cannot happen without understanding the social behaviour of individuals and the society as a whole. ...read more.


They suggested more active involvement of the community and increasing understanding of the socio-cultural and health opportunities which will be provided in the period up to and during the Olympic Games. Conclusion This essay did not have time to give a wider description of Canterbury's history. If you are interested in furthering your knowledge, visit www.drttours.co.uk .From Pizam and Sussmann's studies we found out that tourist behaviour could be affected by nationality. It is not so much national culture that determines a tourist's behaviour but the individual's social class. (Richardson and Crampton 1988) The socio-cultural impacts are mostly linked to other impacts, such as economic and environmental. In cities with large concentrations of tourists, traffic congestion, air and noise pollution affect the lives of people who commute in these areas. According to his worst critics 'Tourism is an invasion and takes over the host culture and transforms it into a spectacle'. (Burns and Novelli 2007 p.382) However, tourism has not only a negative side, but a positive: by creating employment and cultural diversity, it helps tolerance and acceptance of difference. Finally, to improve tourist/host relationships, both parties have an equal part to play. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tourism Issues & Impacts year1 1 ...read more.

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