• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discussion_of_Tourism_Impacts_on_Historic_Towns 2009-02

Extracts from this document...


Socio - cultural impact of tourism on historical town such as Canterbury In this essay will be discussed the socio-cultural impact of tourism on historic towns, looking at the case of Canterbury, Kent. Some ideas will also be given of how to reduce the negative and increase the positive impacts of tourism activities. Canterbury is situated in north-East Kent. The city lies on the River Great Stour. (Photo no 0.) (www.wikipedia.com, 2009) We cannot discuss a historic town without taking a glimpse at its history. Canterbury, like many historic towns, has had its share of rising and falling throughout its history. The author looks at five major historical periods that had a significant impact on the town's development and its tourism. The first period was when the Romans occupied England (43AD-410AD). They built stone houses, theatres, temples and baths, and also constructed roads which allowed better access to the city. (Photo no 1, 2, 3) The second was the reign of Henry II (1154-89) ...read more.


(Russo 2002) Cohen (1984) suggests examining host-guest interaction and tourist behaviour. The attitude of the local residents depends on their level of involvement in the industry and also on the number of tourists. According to Doxey's (1976) irritation index the impatience level of residents changes and follows a particular model: it begins with euphoria. In the 1830's the euphoria level must have been significant when the first train service from London to Canterbury via Whitstable began to operate, carrying up to 300 people. (Smith, 2009) The next stage is apathy when visitors are taken for granted and hosts are more concerned with marketing. This is followed by the annoyance stage when hosts are concerned whether tourism is any benefit to them. (Shaw and William 2002) In France the government wants to prevent this stage by planning to limit the number of US tourists and so called 'free riders', giving the reason of economic concern and 'popularity of the country'. Understanding tourist behaviour cannot happen without understanding the social behaviour of individuals and the society as a whole. ...read more.


They suggested more active involvement of the community and increasing understanding of the socio-cultural and health opportunities which will be provided in the period up to and during the Olympic Games. Conclusion This essay did not have time to give a wider description of Canterbury's history. If you are interested in furthering your knowledge, visit www.drttours.co.uk .From Pizam and Sussmann's studies we found out that tourist behaviour could be affected by nationality. It is not so much national culture that determines a tourist's behaviour but the individual's social class. (Richardson and Crampton 1988) The socio-cultural impacts are mostly linked to other impacts, such as economic and environmental. In cities with large concentrations of tourists, traffic congestion, air and noise pollution affect the lives of people who commute in these areas. According to his worst critics 'Tourism is an invasion and takes over the host culture and transforms it into a spectacle'. (Burns and Novelli 2007 p.382) However, tourism has not only a negative side, but a positive: by creating employment and cultural diversity, it helps tolerance and acceptance of difference. Finally, to improve tourist/host relationships, both parties have an equal part to play. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tourism Issues & Impacts year1 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Wildboarclough Field Trip

    The range of the results was 5.7�C. The average temperature was 12.8�C. All the following sites eight, seven, six and three are above the average temperature with five, four, two and one scoring below the average. The pattern that I noticed was that at the beginning the temperature rapidly increased till site three than it sharply decreased

  2. To what extent Rothbury fits a model of tourist honeypot

    The paths would be eroded and there would be increased number of accidents. Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority Rothbury is a small town in Northumberland, England, located on the River Coquet near the Simonside Hills and the Northumberland National Park.

  1. The development of agri-businesses may be creating more problems than it is solving. Discuss

    Swaziland (8), Vietnam (9), Colombia (10), Germany (11), Honduras (12), Spain (13), France (14), India (15), Mexico (16), Romania (17), South Africa (18), Indonesia (19), Uruguay (20), and Brazil (21). Below you can see a map of the world showing these countries with their corresponding number. Oilseed rape Flax (linseed)

  2. how brent fits the burgess model

    CBD * Outer Suburbs: - Very similar to inner suburbs but houses get even bigger - More detached houses (built after 1950) - More peaceful areas compared to CBD Hoyt's Sector Model The Hoyt Sector Model was invented by economist Homer Hoyt; this model was different to the Burgess model of city development.

  1. Shops and services Affecting House Prices

    and Service - eye checks, contact lens checks. Pizza Hut Goods - Pizza's The following businesses are on the right side of my transect as I walked down green lane past Waitrose. Name Offers Goods or a Service? Ask Pizza Goods - Pizza's Northwood Sports Goods - sports products Blockbuster

  2. World Issues I.S.U: El Nino

    grow and absorb sunlight because of the raging waters and most of the leaves are discarded due to the pressure and the force with which the waves move back and forth.

  1. Antarctic tourism

    are very minimal, and the activities that are controlled and regulated by IAATO, and those that cause the least environmental damage are the ones most in action (small boat cruising, small boat landings, ship cruise). This means that the damage will be minimised, obviously.

  2. Physical Geography Earth revision notes

    charge , filters in power stations , road tax International responses : carbon credits , Kyoto protocol Gas ? methane Sources ? decaying organic matter in landfill sites and compost tips , rice farming , farm livestock , burning biomass for energy Individual response?s ? recycling , recycling for Hampshire

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work