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Economic, Social and Environmental impacts of tourism in the Lake District.

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Introduction

Economic, Social and Environmental impacts of tourism in the Lake District In the Lake District tourism is very important and has a significant impact on the local economy. But there is concern about the Lake District and how much more development it can take from the tourism industry. The Lake District remained relatively untouched until the 19th century when railways allowed the large urban population of Northwest England to visit the National Park. Tourism and trade rose in the 1940's and it was realised that the park would need some special protection to protect it against the dangers of becoming to built up and loosing its natural attraction and appeal. Over 12 million people visit the park with 89% coming by car. The Lake District has 42,000 people living there. In Cumbria the estimated amount of jobs that tourism supports is 42,000 or 17% I.E. hotels, catering and the distribution trade. Tourism also supports local services that are an advantage to the local's and well as tourists such as the busses and rail network and village shops and pubs, these all serve the locals of the Lake District as well as the tourists who visit. People are however worried that, although tourism does allow for better services that benefit the community, like busses and trains and more jobs, the tourism industry may be ruining the local beauty of the Lake District and that any more developments such as roads, car parks, hotels etc may be adding to this problem. As well as building and infrastructure developments another thing that may be ruining the place is the erosion of footpaths, clearings being made in woodland for picnic areas and the fact that all these developments may be harming the wildlife that live there. I will look at this is more detail later on in my project. The National Park local plan is seeking to better this problem by devising a Local Plan; it provides a framework that the tourism sector can develop in a ...read more.

Middle

So it works for both sides new roads can help the tourism industry to flourish, and provide opportunities for the people living there, but it can also cause problems for the tourist industry in that if to many are built and to many people use them, the area will loose it appeal and the tourists will stop coming, and the national park will be ruined by buildings and road networks. The tourist industry in the Lake District has helped pay for the public transport, and this is used by all the people, locals and visitors. And so this is a good thing mainly, because it gives people the opportunity to leave the car and use the bus or train to get around and this helps solve the problem of congestion and noise. Of course busses need roads and trains need rails, but the bus can travel the route of the roads and there wont necessarily have to be new ones built, and one bus can carry lots of people so there will be less traffic on the roads, the only thing is there will have to be a number of bus stops in areas of interest and this could ruin the landscape, but I don't think as much as the new roads and car parks would. Also the roads would have to repaired less and this would mean less disruption of the wildlife and the local community, because it is easy to forget that there people living here and it is a place where people live, not just a place to visit and so any work carried out would be an inconvenience for the locals, like if there was new roads being built then this would disrupt the daily life of the people living here. The department for transport in 1998 identified the main issues of transport in Britain, it gave ideas on how to reduce dependence of the car, improving public transport and lowering pollution. ...read more.

Conclusion

However wildlife on the lake will be disrupted and this is an issue that the authority has to deal with. Next to the lake there is an arcade, which in my view is totally out of character but for it to be there the authority must have thought the benefits outweighed the problems it would cause, and I suppose that it brings a wider market in. Boats for hire round the lake are good for the visitors and the locals could also benefit as they will be able to take there children in the holidays and weekends. A lot of the attractions round the lake are superficial like ice cream vans and fats food stalls, and these can be removed at a moments notice and as long as litter is kept under control, these pose no threat and are helping the tourist industry to flourish in the area by proving the tourists with a service they want and like. All over the Lake District there are downfalls and benefits of tourism and all are linked in some way; Good roads----easy for visitors to get in----------more tourism linked jobs--------(good for local area, bringing in more money and work.)----------more hotels and amenities needed---------more built--------even more jobs But..................... Good new roads--------spoil pretty countryside----------less visitors due to less attractive place to visit------------less demand for hotels and services--------no jobs for locals. This example shows how there are two sides to the story and this can be done for hotels, signs and advertisements and footpaths and traffic. The key is finding a balance between the conservation of both the tourism industry and the countryside. Which these organisations hope they are doing... * Cumbria tourist board (encourages visitors to lake district, provides framework for developments) * The national trust (conserving the national park) * Lake district national park authority, (traffic management, footpath trust, development and planning.) * British upland footpath trust (national trust, English nature and the national park authority) All the organisations are involved in some way in conserving the Lake District. And at some point they all come together to help each other. ...read more.

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