• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Economics Coursework- Traffic Congestion

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Economics Coursework- Traffic Congestion Traffic congestion is the build up of traffic preventing efficient movement. In the UK, traffic congestion is a major issue as it causes a lot of problems for example is there is a lot of congestion in cities as well as main roads in towns. In theory the problem of congestion is that there are high marginal social costs associated with congestion not paid by the driver. Also did you know that traffic levels on Britain's roads have risen by over 80% in the last 20 years. This is mainly due to the fact of increasing demands for a car. An example of traffic congestion is on Sunnybank Road in Mirfield. In the morning there is congestion going up towards Roberttown. There is a great volume of cars on the road and at a very slow speed and so there is a lot of traffic trying to come out of Mirfield. Problems of Congestion From a few people who I have asked in the survey which is located in the appendix. I have found out from taking comments that they have made and from my own knowledge that the traffic congestion on Sunnybank Road is a problem for drivers as well as people who live in that area. Comments of people in survey have been summarised in the explanations of the problems. On Sunnybank road every weekday morning there is a lot of congestion as it leads to Leeds and Huddersfield. ...read more.

Middle

Problems of Solutions There are various reasons for the solutions for not working and these reasons come from the 4 people that I had surveyed and from the research on traffic congestion. People's comments have been summarised in the comments about the problems below. The problem with widening the roads is that pavements will be cut off, will only increase the level of traffic and number of vehicles. Also there will be increased pollution. It also has bad effect on the environment. Also there wouldn't be enough room to widen the road and costs a lot. But it work as there would be more room so cars can pass so volume would decrease. Buildings would have to be moved back and so the pavements would have to as well. The problem with introducing a road charge but is that it hasn't worked in the past and charges are already paid through excise licence so people will complain and also it is bad to use it in cities as there is a lot of traffic everyday. Also people would complain as it is costing them more money. It would not stop traffic in rush hour, as everyone has to go to work. Also there will only be a small reduction of cars. It would have an impact on wider economy as it will increase price of operating commercial vehicles and if prices goes high there could be cost push inflation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another good solution is to introduce bus lanes as it will make them more attractive, restrict access of cars and give priority to buses, which are better alternatives than using a car, reduces congestion. But the disadvantage is it will only work in certain areas, short-term solution and a lot of time to prepare for. The last two solutions (above) are linked as a subsidy can be put on to bus lanes and public transport and therefore making the quality good and cheap to people as well. They both will reduce congestion and encourage people to use a different alternative. I would recommend these two solutions together as they reduce congestion, it is good quality, it is cheap and reduces travel times. I wouldn't recommend the others because they cost a lot of money, create more pollution and some have already been tried and failed. The solutions would work in Sunnybank Road as with the road being quite big, the road can be extended to give bus lanes. People in the local area will use the buses as it is cheap, quicker than a car and is good quality. The buses will then go on their routes. With more and more people being encouraged to use the bus then private car numbers will decrease and therefore congestion is decreased. With the profit made by the buses some can go to bus companies and the other profits will go to the government to pay back the subsidy so more expenditure will be on education. This means of transport will also reduce the amount of pollution given into the air everyday. Vikash Singh 11C ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Overall rating : 4 out of 5 stars
- Good structure to the report, describing situation and then considering all options before explaining a final choice.
- Some re-reading to make some explanations a little clearer would be beneficial.
- Some reference made to specific locations or statistics, but more could be added for more detail.

Marked by teacher Katie Price 17/06/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss the negative impacts of Urbanisation

    5 star(s)

    A less drastic example is that of erosion - valleys tend to contain fertile topsoil, which tends to get washed away if the valley is urbanised. Therefore, with urbanisation comes the need for more land and the natural environment is usually sacrificed to make way for more infrastructures.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Mexico to USA Migration Case Study

    4 star(s)

    There is also the big problem with Mexico's economy. The country is already very poor and with most people immigrating to America to find work there is no way money is every going to get back into Mexico's economy. For this reason many people turn to the drugs business producing and exporting drugs to distribute across the USA.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Epping Forest Coursework

    4 star(s)

    During the excursion I would be taking measurements of several different things which included natural and human factors. Natural factor measurements: Type & amount of vegetation: looking at these would help us determine whether or not humans have affected the area.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Causes and Effects of Migration

    3 star(s)

    Now I am going to talk about Turks migration to Germany after the second world war.

  1. Geography Tourism Coursework

    * More social awareness now of other countries then there was before. * Transport has been greatly improved (low cost airlines), which means more people will be able to travel abroad. * More leisure time/free time. As well as the growth in tourism allowing more people to travel abroad it has also created jobs for many people.

  2. Geography Castleton Coursework.

    Peveril is thought to have been an illegitimate son of William I. Peveril created Castleton and in 1080 he fortified the site of the present castle and constructed a wooden keep. Later, these buildings were converted into stone. However, Peveril's son (also called William)

  1. Investigating the Spheres of influence between two major shopping centres.

    11 mins 37 0 - 11 mins 57 11 - 20 mins 22 11 - 20 mins 37 21 - 30 mins 11 21 - 30 mins 9 31- 45 mins 14 31- 45 mins 3 46 - 60 mins 9 46 - 60 mins 3 1 hour + 6 1 hour + 2 How often do you visit here?

  2. An Investigation into the impact of tourism on Betws-y-Coed.

    Despite the short, 30 second time period, it is still possible that pedestrians were counted twice if they passed two sites. Due to Betws-y-Coed's small nature this problem was unavoidable. There is also an issue that applies to the traffic, litter, car park and noise survey, which we need to consider.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work