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Economics Coursework- Traffic Congestion

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Introduction

Economics Coursework- Traffic Congestion Traffic congestion is the build up of traffic preventing efficient movement. In the UK, traffic congestion is a major issue as it causes a lot of problems for example is there is a lot of congestion in cities as well as main roads in towns. In theory the problem of congestion is that there are high marginal social costs associated with congestion not paid by the driver. Also did you know that traffic levels on Britain's roads have risen by over 80% in the last 20 years. This is mainly due to the fact of increasing demands for a car. An example of traffic congestion is on Sunnybank Road in Mirfield. In the morning there is congestion going up towards Roberttown. There is a great volume of cars on the road and at a very slow speed and so there is a lot of traffic trying to come out of Mirfield. Problems of Congestion From a few people who I have asked in the survey which is located in the appendix. I have found out from taking comments that they have made and from my own knowledge that the traffic congestion on Sunnybank Road is a problem for drivers as well as people who live in that area. Comments of people in survey have been summarised in the explanations of the problems. On Sunnybank road every weekday morning there is a lot of congestion as it leads to Leeds and Huddersfield. ...read more.

Middle

Problems of Solutions There are various reasons for the solutions for not working and these reasons come from the 4 people that I had surveyed and from the research on traffic congestion. People's comments have been summarised in the comments about the problems below. The problem with widening the roads is that pavements will be cut off, will only increase the level of traffic and number of vehicles. Also there will be increased pollution. It also has bad effect on the environment. Also there wouldn't be enough room to widen the road and costs a lot. But it work as there would be more room so cars can pass so volume would decrease. Buildings would have to be moved back and so the pavements would have to as well. The problem with introducing a road charge but is that it hasn't worked in the past and charges are already paid through excise licence so people will complain and also it is bad to use it in cities as there is a lot of traffic everyday. Also people would complain as it is costing them more money. It would not stop traffic in rush hour, as everyone has to go to work. Also there will only be a small reduction of cars. It would have an impact on wider economy as it will increase price of operating commercial vehicles and if prices goes high there could be cost push inflation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another good solution is to introduce bus lanes as it will make them more attractive, restrict access of cars and give priority to buses, which are better alternatives than using a car, reduces congestion. But the disadvantage is it will only work in certain areas, short-term solution and a lot of time to prepare for. The last two solutions (above) are linked as a subsidy can be put on to bus lanes and public transport and therefore making the quality good and cheap to people as well. They both will reduce congestion and encourage people to use a different alternative. I would recommend these two solutions together as they reduce congestion, it is good quality, it is cheap and reduces travel times. I wouldn't recommend the others because they cost a lot of money, create more pollution and some have already been tried and failed. The solutions would work in Sunnybank Road as with the road being quite big, the road can be extended to give bus lanes. People in the local area will use the buses as it is cheap, quicker than a car and is good quality. The buses will then go on their routes. With more and more people being encouraged to use the bus then private car numbers will decrease and therefore congestion is decreased. With the profit made by the buses some can go to bus companies and the other profits will go to the government to pay back the subsidy so more expenditure will be on education. This means of transport will also reduce the amount of pollution given into the air everyday. Vikash Singh 11C ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

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Overall rating : 4 out of 5 stars
- Good structure to the report, describing situation and then considering all options before explaining a final choice.
- Some re-reading to make some explanations a little clearer would be beneficial.
- Some reference made to specific locations or statistics, but more could be added for more detail.

Marked by teacher Katie Price 17/06/2013

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