• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Essay on Regeneration in London and the Effects of the Olympics.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Using Manchester, Birmingham or London as your example, discuss and explain how the city centres have been regenerated and the population changed? Over the last century, we have seen cities develop and prosper in numerous ways. Cities like Tokyo have become industrial superpowers. If you take a look on the bottom of most toys, you will see ?Made in China?. This just shows how China has established its manufacturing prowess, travelling from a LEDC (Less Economically Developed Country) to an NIC (Newly Industrialised Country). Companies choose to set up factories in LEDC?s due to cheap labour costs. In England, most of the jobs are in the tertiary sector (service sector) of industry. But this was not the case 400 years ago. 400 years ago, most of the jobs were in farming (primary sector) and Britain was a large producer of crops. However, due to the Industrial Revolution, there was a drastic change in jobs; from the primary sector to the secondary sector (manufacturing).Thriving farming villages were left deserted due to people moving near to the factories. ...read more.


By that time the area had very few jobs, the docks had closed, over half the land was derelict, many of the nineteenth-century terraced houses needed urgent repair, transport was poorly developed, and there was a lack of basic services, leisure amenities and open space. The waterways in the area had suffered from years of neglect: water quality is poor, river walls are in a bad condition and the landscape is scarred with rubbish strewn along the river channels. Since 1945, British governments have tried to encourage industry to move to areas of high unemployment. They did this by offering tax relief on new machinery or rent-free periods. They also offer subsidies to keep firms going which otherwise would close down. The first Enterprise Zones came into operation in 1981. They were planned for areas in acute physical and economic decay. They created conditions for industrial and commercial revival by removing certain tax burdens and administrative controls. Urban Development Corporations were created by Act of Parliament in 1980. ...read more.


After the Olympics, the Village will become part of the overall Stratford City regeneration scheme, including a new regional shopping centre with additional leisure, office and residential areas. It will be transformed into up to 3,000 new homes, with a mix of affordable housing, and accommodation for sale and rent. However, the Olympics has had some bad effects to. For instance, as soon as it was announced that London was holding the Olympic Games, house prices in the surrounding area were driven up. This means that some of the Londoners can?t afford to continue living in the same place. Also people who have lived in estate for years, have been evicted because it was going to be demolished in order for the Olympic Park to be built. Also, small businesses have been forced to move and sometimes, the businesses have to move out of the whole area because they can?t find a plot of land. Overall, the Olympic Games will provide jobs and therefore money to those who are most in need, redevelop an area of urban decay, and create housing for the people of east London. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Research Question - The Developments of The London Docklands have changed the characteristics ...

    These were to: 1) Find out how the environmental quality changes across the area. 2) Find out how land use varies across the area. 3) Find out how the quality of public transport varies throughout the area. 4) Find out how the crime rate varies across the area.

  2. London prepares for the Olympics

    -the temporary workers on the Olympic Site can travel there conveniently. - The main benefit is that it will help to ensure the public gets to the venues in time and in some degree of comfort. 3. Notice that there is a slogan in the photograph, albeit partially obscured that reads 'Everyone's London 2012'.

  1. Geography Fieldwork - The effects of Tourism in Keswick

    the level of management decreases as you get towards the top as there is less pressure due to many people only walking a part of the way not to the top of the hill. The limitations of this are that it is opinionated and subjective, you may write give it a score that is not completely accurate.

  2. The purpose of this coursework is to see how the development of the London ...

    Figure 1: Myrdal's Multiplier Model Shows us what effects Would take place if a Business or industry was to Locate in a certain area. These factors include Things such as local Communities and workers. This model can work in the Positive and negative, an Example of a positive is if A business locates there More job opportunities will Be created.

  1. Stratford london 2012 - an area under change. Scope for green development.

    Residents can shop in Sainsbury for food or Morrisons. For young children, there is a library and Stratford park, 3 minutes on the bus. Numbers of jobs are available in the area but people do not have enough skill to do that. Majority are on benefits. In the future, it is going to cost them a lot more to live in Gerry Raffles Square because of the Olympics 2012.

  2. CHP Potential in Indian Industrial Sectors

    Energy savings can be realized by reducing steam pressure in a set of turbo-generators while generating electricity. This electricity is produced with a "cogeneration" of steam, with an excellent efficiency (about 90%) because all the steam leaving the turbines is used in the process.

  1. Transport Revolution

    His survey results were accepted and Telford was asked to oversee the construction of some 1,000 miles ( or 1,600 kilometers) of roads and 120 bridges ; a job which took him over 20 years to complete. Telford's roads were build on solid foundation .

  2. Case Studies - Population, Settlement, Industry and Environment

    people work in the steel works in the area, if it closes, many people in the area will lose their jobs. * Pollution: Port Talbot is the most polluted place in Wales, and second most polluted in Britain. THere is also a lot of visual pollution.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work