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Examine the way in which human activities may lead to conflict with reference to a located stretch of coastline.

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Introduction

Geography essay - December 2003 The aim of this essay is to examine the way in which human activities may lead to conflict with reference to a located stretch of coastline. I have highlighted the above to show that the conflicts I will describe have not necessarily happened but are in a position to do so. I will give a brief description of my chosen area then attempt to answer the essay question by splitting the essay into sections and where necessary, giving examples. I have chosen to examine the Dorset coastline. This is on the south coast of England and extends from Lyme Regis eastward to Hengistbury head. This stretch encompasses many popular holiday resorts and major ports such as Weymouth, Poole, Swanage, Lyme Regis and most notably, Bournemouth. I will concentrate mainly on these locations as well as a few others because these places will be the best examples of the points I'm making seeing as they are the most influential settlements in the Dorset coast area. Map (i) below shows my chosen area. To answer the essay question I will divide my essay into the following human activity catagories: * Tourism conflict - how the tourists create conflict and what can it lead to? * Environmental conflict - how do tourists use the environment and how will this create conflict? * Management conflicts - how is conflict created when humans try to manage the above conflicts? ...read more.

Middle

Another conflict may rise through the fact that when the peak season comes, hotels and other lodgings will increase prices as will popular attractions - e.g the BIC swimming pool . This will cause frustration for locals who can't afford to visit these places or who cant get in due to the sheer numbers of tourists. The aspect of tourists ties in with my second talking point. That is how tourists use the environment and for what purpose. There are many different types of recreation available along the Dorset coast which tourists or locals can partake in. There level of popularity varies as does there damage to the environment, it is the latter point that friction is likely to be caused over. All activities that people do in this area have some effect on the landscape and at least a few will clash with each other. Conflict may arise between locals and tourists, tourists and tourists or between either of those two and planners. For the example I will use the activities available along the whole coastline to provide a larger picture of the problem. Walking - Erosion Swimming/beach recreation - congestion and noise Climbing - conflicts with nesting birds and damage to vegetation and cliff structure Cycling - Nuisance to walkers and damages coastal paths Jet skiing - disturbs wildlife, safety concerns Power boating - Noise and safety issues Sailing - safety issues and sewage/pollution Angling - affects inshore fish population and discarded tackle is a safety ...read more.

Conclusion

houses however would be against this, their houses would be all they have and without them they would have nowhere to live. So conflicts develop when people are trying to decide what to do with the coast. These conflicts are usually neutralised in council meetings or SMP's when all options have been considered. In conclusion I would say that none of the conflicts that arise are simple to resolve and usually lead to more friction. Nobody is ever happy as it is impossible to please everybody. As far as tourism is concerned the answer is to find the balance between sustaining the economy of the location but not letting development becoming too advanced so that tourists flood in and more arguments occur. The Dorset coast is always going to be strongly involved in tourism so there will inevitably be conflicts that develop as tourism advances and there will be opposing views but this is important in gaining experience into tackling these problems and conflicts in the future. As for the physical conflicts to do with coast protection decisions, the problem here is more immediate. Erosion will not wait for the coast to develop it will just go ahead and take it's course, therefore decisions need to be made faster and with more thought to the future. This is a challenge with so many different views involved and is one that will continue to pose itself as the coast and its residents decide what to do. Tom Hager 12K ...read more.

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