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Explain Why Cromer Changed After the Coming of the Railways.

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Amy Copping 11RCZ Explain Why Cromer Changed After the Coming of the Railways. Before the coming of the railways Cromer was an established watering place, popular with the upper class. No other classes could take their holidays in Cromer because a horse drawn carriage, which was the only way to get to Cromer in those days, was too expensive. Then came the railways in the mid-nineteenth century and the fashionable watering places were available for all to enjoy. After the railways had been built, several factors came into play which would ensure that Cromer would never be the same again, transforming it into a popular seaside resort. Factors such as Clement Scott's 'Poppyland Papers' of 1886, Benjamin Bond-Cabbell and the GER and M&GN railways. Railways like these promoted suitable fishing villages as fashionable new seaside resorts. Cromer was already fashionable as a watering place, and it was a fishing village with a beautiful beach therefore it was not long before the Cromer High Station was built in 1877, constructed by the Great Eastern Railway. The Cromer Beach station was built soon after in 1887. ...read more.


The trains could also be used to transport building materials needed for the development of Cromer. As well as building materials the trains also brought welcome tourists to Cromer. One popular method of advertising was the use of Clement Scott's ideal 'Poppyland' picture to bring in the tourists the tourists. Clement Scott was a drama critic of the Daily Telegraph who was sent to Cromer to write an article in 1883. He was enchanted by the area between Overstrand and Sidestrand near to Cromer, which he named 'Poppyland', although he disliked Cromer itself. In 1886 his poems and articles were published in a book called 'Poppyland Papers'. The image he created attracted artists, writers and rich people who arrived in increasing numbers. He described 'Poppyland' as a "quiet, dream-haunted, restful spot" where the "air seems to be purer". Railway companies and those wishing to develop Cromer, such as Ben Bond-Cabbell, exploited the 'Poppyland Papers' by linking Cromer to Poppyland. If anyone wanted to visit Poppyland they had to take the train to Cromer, using the accommodation and entertainment there. ...read more.


These were the same loyal families who had enjoyed the entertainment provided by the local fishing and coal industries. The coal shipping trade soon ended with the coming of the railways; they were so much quicker and safer than ships. The fishing trade also benefited from the railways, as the fish could be transported further around the land also quicker and easier. Former fishermen could find work taking day-trippers round Cromer in their boats and employment could also be found with the opening of new bathing machines, as well as new souvenir shops and tea rooms for the lower classes brought in by the railways. This was important for Cromer as it meant that there was more income for the town than just from fishing and coal trades. To conclude, Cromer changed in many different ways with the coming of the railways. The population almost tripled from 1881-1911, many new hotels and houses were built to accommodate the newcomers, the beautiful Poppyland was discovered and exploited and new attractions and facilities were built to cater for all visitors to Cromer. All of these changes helped Cromer to develop into an ideal holiday resort, and all were linked in some way to the railways. ...read more.

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