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For an LEDC you have studied, explain the effects on people and the environment of an industry that is being developed - Brazil

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Introduction

For an LEDC you have studied, explain the effects on people and the environment of an industry that is being developed Brazil Brazil is currently in the process of expanding its industry in the hope of repaying back its international debt. A particular expansion in industry was 'The Great Carajas Project', this involved setting up a mine in the middle of the Amazon rainforest, building one of the largest dams in existence and aggrieve the local inhabitants. Brazil is very much a regionalised country; the south is generally a prosperous district which contains the wealthy cities of Sao Paulo, Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's golden triangle. ...read more.

Middle

A lot of the investment came from outside of Brazil. The 900km railway alone cost $2.5 billion, without the cost of all the mines and equipment needed for mining, the resources needed to sustain huge numbers of workers, in otherwise inhabited forests. The US and Japan loaned $2.5 billion to Brazil, the World Bank loaned $300 million and the ECSC (European coal and steel community) loaned $600 million. The mine, 130 km south-west of Macapa, dominates the local area and does not fit in with the wildlife and vegetation (as shown on the satellite map). The mine does provide jobs for the local people but the jobs are mainly covered by skilled foreigners anyway. ...read more.

Conclusion

When it was made the lake that was created behind it destroyed 2400km squared of land, only 10% of the trees in that area were chopped down and used and 81% of thee animals which were in residence before drowned or died trying to escape from the rising water. The lake made thousands of people homeless, they were off-loaded onto tribal land were they were threatened with death and were given no basic necesities for which to survive. This project was hoped to make Brazil self-sufficient however it has done the opposite, all the companies which own and run the projectare foreign, german, british or japanese, and none of the profits have been given to the people who have been harmed. In conclusion the carajas project is development without progress, they are developing but this is not helping anyone there. ...read more.

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