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Geography coursework- colchester town

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Introduction My main objectives of this enquiry are to look at these features of Urban Geography: 1. To look at the different types of social and economic characteristics within the six areas we visited in Colchester. Some of these differences are related to physical characteristics as well. 2. To study the differences between the land use in the CBD and the outlying retail or commercial centre (Tollgate) and to observe the clustering of shops in CBD and the outer retail centre. 3. To see what changes have taken place in the type and location of shops and services in the Tollgate Retail Park and to find out why these changes have taken place. 4. To see if our transect is similar to the theoretical land use models, Burgess, Hoyt and Mann. My Study Area Theoretical Cross section of an MEDC My study area is a transect from the Town Hall in the High Street (Central Business District), along Lexden Road and ends at the Tollgate Retail Park. We visited location 10, 8, 5, 3, 2, 1, A and E. Theory There are three main theoretical land use models. Burgess Hoyt Mann Burgess * The Central Business District (CBD) is in the middle of the town, this is the main area where entertainment, administration and commerce are located. * The Transition Zone (Inner City) is a mixture of industry and other private houses, many of these have changed into offices and warehouses, or are divided into flats. * Working-class housing (Inner Suburbs) is close to the city so people can get to their jobs but not too close because otherwise they wouldn't be able to afford the house prices. * Middle-class housing and High Status residential zones are located in the Outer Suburbs. The Middle class housing are owned by wealthier people who can afford more space and also can afford to travel slightly longer to work. ...read more.


The Census data shows us that 61% of the people living in Oxford Road have no family and 28% have more than one car. This is a strange figure because it also has a 37% of households who don't have a car at all. They don't need a car because they are in walking distance of everything they need e.g town, hospital. Location 3 Queens Road Queens Road is not as close to the CBD as some of the other locations and it is a semi-detached/detached which would have housed rich families. Queens Road scored a high + 15 in my Personal Response survey because generally I thought the place was an attractive place to live because of its good areas of grass and overall is a well maintained place. The Index of Decay only scored 1 which is good; it only got marked down because of a little bit of deterioration of walls on some of the houses. The Environmental quality part of the survey was good and only has 7/65 penalty points. It picked up penalty points because of its access to public open space and its noise. The Census data reveals to us that 50% of the people who live in Queens Road are professional workers. Strangely 41% of the people in Oxford Road do not have a car which is surprising because of the large parking spaces. However they make up for this with good size gardens and the housing quality is high as well. Location 5 Lockhart Avenue Lockhart Avenue is even further from the CBD than the other housing areas; it is a 20th century post war housing area. This is called Urbanisation. Nowadays the rich have moved out of town to places like Lockhart Avenue because it is a much nicer place to live. This is called Counter- Urbanisation. Lockhart Avenue was the housing area that appealed to me the most because in my Personal Response survey it scored +21 which was the highest score out of my six locations. ...read more.


Evaluation During my investigation I felt that a number of things went well like the data we collected was accurate because it was a primary source. To improve my investigation I could do another transect because we only followed one from the CBD to the outskirts of Colchester. I think that my results would have been different if we did a transect to the South or the East because to the South lies the Garrison and to the East lies the industry packed Hythe. We could have also spent more time in Colchester collecting data from more locations. We only spent a day in Colchester and we could have easily collected more data over two or three days and this would of made our results more accurate. We could have also compared our transect of Colchester to a transect of another town like Chelmsford for example, this would have shown us a completely new transect. When we went into town we only took data of one side of the street and I think that if we took data from both sides of the street our results would have been even more accurate. Unfortunately our Census data was fairly old and I think that we would have found different trends if we had more up to date census data. My Investigation could be used by many people who live in the Colchester area. People buying new houses in the Colchester area could use my results to find a house within their price range and a house that is perfect for them. Also people who are looking to open up a new business could use my results on clustering within the high street. This would give them an implication as to where the main shop types are clustered and also would help them choose a location for their new business. Pupils who also are studying a transect could use my results and compare them with their own to see if they got the same results. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sam Hennessy 10 E Geography Coursework ...read more.

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